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Macbeth play by William Shakespeare is a play that is cast in the 11th Century
in Scotland. The play revolves around a plot by the title Character Macbeth and
his lady, Lady Macbeth to overthrow the sitting king of Scotland, King Duncan.
The play presents an interesting theme, that is, the love between Macbeth and
Lady Macbeth. Amidst, this plot is the theme of the love between Macbeth and
Lady Macbeth. This theme runs throughout the play though with some notable
interferences. We first encounter this love in Act 1, scene v. Here, Macbeth
has just received a prophecy from the three witches that he will become the
King of Scotland. The first witch says, “All
hail, Macbeth. Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor” and the second witch says “All hail, Macbeth, hail to thee, Thane of

is at this time a general in the army of King Duncan. Macbeth, together with
Banquo has just successfully won the war against the Norwegian army.

 Harold bloom analyzes this love affair, as “best
marriage in Shakespeare.” The love is true to the extent that it is characterized
by trust, adoration, affection and support for each other.




the love between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is founded on mutual trust. In this
regard, Macbeth cannot wait to break the news of this prophecy to his wife,
Lady Macbeth. In any case, Macbeth has no reasons to doubt the prophecies of
the three witches. The three witches had just prophesied that Macbeth would be
made Thane of Cawdor, This prophesy came true in no time as Ross and Angus
appear with the news that King Duncan has bestowed Macbeth with the title of
Thane of Cawdor( Act 1, scene 3).Macbeth immediately sends a letter to Lady
Macbeth telling him of the news of the prophecies.  The contents of the letter could well amount
to treason, but Macbeth does not hesitate to inform Lady Macbeth of the
prophecy from the prophesies,

“This has I thought good to
deliver thee, my dearest partner of greatness that thou mightst not lose the
dues of rejoicing, by being ignorant of what greatness is promised thee…” (Act
1, scene v)


the Macbeths adore each other. Lady Macbeth adores his husband, Macbeth by
addressing him with respectable titles. For instance, he addresses him as, Great Glamis, worthy Cawdor (Act 1, scene

receiving the news from the Husband that he has been bestowed with the title of
Thane of Cawdor, Lady Macbeth, acclaims in pride, “Glammis Thou Art….yet I do fear thy nature; it is too full’ …milk
of human kindness…thou wouldest be great, art not without ambition, but without
the illness should attend it. What thou wouldest highly…”


affection between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is evident in the play. King Duncan
is seen in awe of the love between Macbeth and his Lady. King Duncan sees
Macbeth’s affection as “sharp as his

 Macbeth greets Lady Macbeth with affection. He
calls her “my dearest love” and “dearest partner of greatness”.  This love is clearly genuine to the extent
that it is rather unusual to find a man of the age of Macbeth to call his wife
as such. Particularly, at those times, women were greatly victimized and seen
as a weaker sex.


the prophecy by the three witches that Macbeth will be King of Scotland, the
Macbeths together embark on the mission to oust the reigning King of Scotland,
King Duncan. This is not a simple endeavor. During the times of Elizabethan and
Jacobean, it was claimed that kings were direct appointees of God and therefore
answerable to God. It would, therefore, mean that resisting the king, let alone
plan his murder was evil to God himself.

two are united even when Macbeth feels that he cannot carry the plan into
action. Macbeth categorically says to Lady Macbeth, he “will proceed no further in this business.” However, Lady Macbeth does
not let this fear spoil the plan but continues to taunt on his fears by saying
to him that he will only be a man if he executes the plot that is the murder of
King Duncan (Act 1, scene 7)”



Eager for each other’s advancement

of all, Harold Bloom sees the love of the Macbeths as great to the extent that
each of them is eager for the other’s advancement.

receiving the letter from Macbeth, Lady Macbeth murmurs that Macbeth is, “full of the ‘milk of human kindness”
and thus lacks the courage to affect the plot to take the necessary measures to
have him bestowed as the King of Scotland. Lady Macbeth, therefore, embarks to
instill on Macbeth the needed courage to bring into effect the plot. She
implores on Macbeth to get home quick so she can,

“I may pour my spirits in thine ear
and chastise with valor of my tongue.” 

Macbeth even goes to the extent of challenging his manhood just to challenge
him to be up to the task. Lady Macbeth calls Macbeth a coward when Macbeth
seems to let go of the plot to kill King Duncan. She says,

you durst do it, “/ ” …then you are a man”(Act 1, scene 7)

is also true of Macbeth who does not hesitate to allow his lady the chance to
have a say in his decision. This is a special kind of love bearing in mind that
during Shakespeare times women were regarded as the weaker sex with less or no
significance at all.  However in the
play, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is the dominant character in the decisions of
Macbeth until they become the King and Queen of King Scotland (Rowman and
Littlefield, pg. 113)


Harold Blood statement is not entirely true. The love between the Macbeths’ can
be described as frail. Their love quickly frails into an empty shell after the
death of King Duncan.  Macbeth quickly
asserts himself as the man and consults Lady Macbeth less in his decisions. For
instance, he never informs Lady Macbeth of his murder of Macduff’s family.
Further, it can be correct to say that Macbeth was using Lady Macbeth as a
scapegoat to achieve hos heinous plot. Macbeth actually confesses that he has
‘no spur to prick the sides of his intent.’

Lady Macbeth never opens up any of his problems to Macbeth. It is evident that
Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have stopped sharing of their emotions (Kivett,
‘Macbeth and lady Macbeth Relationship’). 
Macbeth also stops seeing Lady Macbeth as equally significant to
influence his decisions. Macbeth, says, “be
innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck,” notably, Macbeth, is now calling
lady Macbeth as a “chunk.”

the end, the love between the Macbeths crumbles, both physically and
emotionally. This can be attributed to the fact that the love messed with a
power greater that itself.  Even so, at
the death of Lady Macbeth, Macbeth is broken and distraught. The death of Lady
Macbeth could be seen as the worst thing that has happened to Macbeth.









William. The Tragedy of Macbeth. The Harvard Classics. New York:
P.F. Collier & Son, 1909–14;

The Time is out of Joint : Shakespear as philosopher of history. Rowman and

 Kivett. Macbeth and lady Macbeth
Relationship, Macbeth.


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