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More blood in Iran, with anti-government protests that do not stop: according to official media, at least 23 people have lost their lives so far in the clashes. Only last night nine people were killed in the protests, reports state TV in the country. Arrested among others the girl who had removed her veil. The clashes between demonstrators and police forces in Iran are taking place in what are the most heated and widespread demonstrations since 2009, when the Iranians took to the streets to protest against the election of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The balance of the clashes has thus risen to 13 dead and numerous wounded.

The response of the security forces is getting harder and harder. Apart from the victims, about 450 protesters have been arrested since last Saturday, reports Tehran’s deputy governor, Ali Ashgar Nasserbakht, quoted by the semi-official Iranian agency Ilna. According to this budget, 200 people were arrested Saturday, 150 Sunday and 100 yesterday. The protests against the carovita, which then resulted in anti-government demonstrations, began Wednesday, December 27th.

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The Iranian Supreme Leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has also fallen in the field: Iran’s enemies “have strengthened the alliance to hit the Islamic institutions” of the country during the recent incidents, he said. “With the different tools like money, weapons, politics and security systems, the enemies have

tried to undermine the system, “he added.

Meanwhile, the head of the Revolutionary Court of Tehran Province, Moussa Ghazanfarabad, said some of the people arrested during protests in the country could be accused of “Muharebeh” (war against God), a crime that provides for the death penalty.

Last Thursday in Mashad city as protests against the dear life and corruption, the demonstrations spread like wildfire in many cities and immediately assumed a political connotation against the Government, President Hassan Rouhani and even the powerful guide spiritual of the Islamic Republic: the ultraconservative Ayatollah Ali Khameni.

Rouhani invites to calm

Unlike Ahmadinejad, who immediately reacted with an iron fist against the popular protests of 2009, President Rouhani, known as a moderate clerical and re-founder, recognized on television the right to demonstrate, while avoiding violence. “The Iranian people are free to demonstrate”, as long as the protests “are authorized and legal” and that they do not turn into violence. “One thing is criticism – he underlined – another violence and destruction of public property”. Rouhani, however, admitted that the people are not only worried about economic reasons, but also “for corruption and transparency”.

However, meeting a group of parliamentarians, the president made an appeal to the unity between “government, parliament, justice and army” to protect “national interests” against a “small group that shouts illegal slogans, insults religion and values of the Islamic revolution “. “Now – he said – we must focus on the importance of the system, of the revolution, of national interests, of the security and stability of the region”.

Trump attacks the regime again

The imperative for the Iranian regime is now to contain protests and to ensure that they do not widen to such an extent that they can no longer be controlled.

In order to avoid street rallies, the authorities have blocked, even if only temporarily, access to social networks, in particular Telegram and Instagram.

After the harsh condemnation on Saturday, American President Donald Trump has remade himself to hear via Twitter. “Iran, the world’s largest terrorist sponsor that is now committing numerous human rights violations, has now closed the Internet so that peaceful demonstrators can not communicate. It’s not a good thing! ”

The new sanctions threatened in recent months by Trump against Iran could hit the Revolutionary Guards, a force that only responds to the supreme leader, the Ayatollah Ali Khameney: in this way he would avoid harming the demonstrating Iranians. The Wall Sreet Journal writes, citing US executives. Meanwhile, the Trump administration is pressuring

various countries to support the rights of the Iranians to implement peaceful protests, always according to the same sources.

Immediate Rouhani’s reply: “This man in America today wants to show sympathy towards our people but he forgot that a few months ago he called the entire Iranian nation a nation of terrorists, the nation of terror”.


Iran, hard hand against protesters

However, the regime continues to point out that police forces are not using firearms. The Mehr agency writes that the protest of Doroud (two victims Saturday night) – a city about 325 kilometers southwest of Tehran – had not been authorized. “The rally had to end peacefully – commented the deputy chief of security of the governor of the province, Habibollah Khojastepour – but unfortunately this did not happen because of the presence of agitators. No shot was exploded by local police and security forces.

In the Iran of the failed boom, the street protests return

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Rouhani, the failed reformer

In the eyes of many Iranians, the man of hope who had placed the revival of the economy at the center of his electoral program, also declaring war on corruption, quickly turned into the failed reformist.

In the presidential elections last May, the population had reconfirmed it by a large majority. Although it was a clerical, for many voters it was the only acceptable alternative to more conservative candidates supported by the ayatollahs’ leadership.

Only seven months have passed and hope has given way to disappointment. The protest, from a social point of view, has quickly turned towards politics and with very tough slogans.

Economy: a boom without wellness

The agreement on the Iranian nuclear dossier, signed in the summer of 2015 under the supervision of the then US President Barack Obama, had then led, at the beginning of 2016, to the removal of international sanctions against Iran, including the embargo European oil rig took place on July 1, 2012. The economy was so out of a deep recession that lasted at least two years, and began to run. Above all, of the surprising recovery of the oil sector.

Exports of crude oil, which in the darkest periods had fallen below 700 thousand barrels a day (with an average of about one million barrels,) have jumped to two million barrels a day in just twelve months and now are around 2, 3 million. Oil production has more than doubled to reach the current 3.8 million barrels.

The economy has inevitably affected it, positively. In the first half of the current fiscal year (2017-2018) the GDP grew by 5.6% per cent. The services sector recorded an increase of 7, 2 percent. The International Monetary Fund, in a recent report, has estimated growth of 4% and 4.3% respectively for 2018 and 2019.

We would be very happy, but in truth it was a boom without wellness. In this country that aims to become the regional power of the Gulf, the middle class has thinned, unemployment remains very high: the official one is at 12%, but the real one is much higher. And to pay the cost are the lower classes and young people (whose unemployment rate is close to 30 percent). Corruption, endemic to Iran, then slowed the distribution of wealth. There is perhaps no worse situation than that of a country with strong economic growth, potentially rich, where the workforce (700 thousand Iranians face each year on the labor market) remains largely on the margins. For young graduates it is an unacceptable situation. And the frustration immediately gave way to anger.

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