MMS Malware: Malware makers are also looking for ways to exploit text-basedcommunication as a way to deliver malware. As noted by CSO Online , avulnerability in Android's media library, Stage fright, made it possible for attackers tosend a text message embedded with malware to any mobile number.Even if users didn't open or acknowledge the text, the malware could still deploy,allowing hackers root access to your mobile device. The problem was quickly patchedbut offered proof of text-based infections.? CHATBOTS: Chatbots have everybody talking – both about chatbots and tochatbots. What’s sometimes lost in the conversation, however, is muchacknowledgement of the security risks this beguiling interface technology canintroduce.Broadly speaking, chatbots allow people to engage conversationally with messagingand other applications. The sophistication of the chatbots can range from rudimentaryto I-can’t- believeit’s-not- a-person levels of engagement. Millions of people alreadyroutinely use chatbots with Facebook, Microsoft, Google, Apple and Amazon, anddozens of smaller players and platforms are pouring into the chatbot market.Even casual users sometimes have qualms about the amount of personal informationthey share with these conversational platforms. If your Facebook or Microsoft chatbotknows not just about your links and preferences, but also your calendar schedule andyour minute-by minute location, it’s reasonable to wonder whether your privacy maybe compromised. That compromise could come intentionally via the chatbot owner’sexploitation of your personal information for marketing or other uses, or maliciouslyif hackers break into the chatbot database or message stream.? ADVERT PHISHING: Ad and click fraud in mobile devices is a growing concern,researchers say. “Compromising that mobile device through ad and click malwarewould be a nice way for a criminal to gain access to the internal network of acompany, possibly by sending an SMS phish, getting someone to click on a linkwhere they download a malicious app, and then now that they’re on the phone and cancontrol it, they can steal credentials and gain access to the internal network,” Shiersays.The scary part, Padon says, is that “they start as adware, but they can just as easilydecide to spread spyware to the entire botnet. Then you have 10 million devices thatrecord their owners’ every move. It has a devastating potential with just a click on theapp,” he says.? IDENTITY THEFT SMISHING: “Smishing” is phishing that’s conductedover short message service (SMS), more commonly known as text messaging. ThePew Internet and American Life Project found that on average, mobile phone userssend and receive approximately 40 text messages a day. At some point, you’re likelyto encounter these fraudulent text messages and the scam of identity theft smishing. Ifyour smartphone isn’t secure, your personal information could be vulnerable andidentity theft becomes more likely.Common smishing fraudulent text messages (also referred to as SMS – short messageservice) often appear to require immediate attention. The fraudulent messages maytake a format such as:A fraudulent text message “from your bank,” telling you your account has been shutdown and asking you to call a number to reactivate the account. A text message thatsays you have been registered for a service and will be charged unless you take someform of action, such as visiting a website. A confirmation of a purchase that directsyou to call a number if the confirmation is inaccurate. If you take the actionsprompted by the fraudulent text messages, you may be sending your personalinformation directly to a scammer. Some spy programs will spread malware or a viruson your mobile phone or computer. And others may give the scammers the means toeavesdrop on your phone calls.