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Migration is simply defined as the movement of people from one place to another. Migration processes have been in existence throughout all times, migration occurs as a result of people searching for access to better resource other than the ones available to them in their present location. There are various types and categories of migration but the one of primary concern to us is the rural – urban migration and its effect on agricultural activities.Rural-urban migration is a form of so-called internal migration which means a movement within a country or state, it involves people moving away from the rural communities into the urban areas or centres within their state or country as the case may be. This change of residence is often connected with the migration of labour and a career change from primary; that is agriculture to other career. This type of migration always lead to two things, the first is that the urban centre becomes more populated and secondly the rural area which is the place of origin loses population. There are different reasons that cause rural-urban migration which are the push and pull factor. They are the factors that force people out of the rural areas and the factors that attract them to the urban centres. Rural urban migration has a negative effect on the development of agricultural activities in these rural areas because it leads to drain of labour force and most importantly the innovative young minds.Like most themes in social change and development, the problem of rural-urban migration and its impact on agricultural development is a complex subject. One thing however is clear; the phenomenon of rural-urban migration is grounded in the persistent inequality in the allocation of social and economic infrastructure such as pipe borne water, good roads, electricity, health facilities, and industries, among others in rural and urban communities. To Braun (2004), people tend to be pulled to the areas of prosperity and pushed from areas of decline. Migrants are usually concerned with the benefits they hope to gain by moving and usually give less thought to the problems that they will incur as a result of the migration process. Useful natural resources, which can be harnessed for socio-economic development, abound in Nigeria particularly in the rural areas. Coincidentally, Nigeria has a large proportion of both rural sector and rural people, which is a quintessential feature of developing countries (Akande, 2002). The most distinct characteristic of Nigeria’s rural areas is the widespread involvement of the inhabitants in agriculture. Agriculture is the most important economic sector in terms of its contribution to the GDP of the Nation after Oil. The sector contributes about 41 percent of the country’s GDP, employs about 65 percent of the total population and provides employment to about 80 percent of the rural population (ADF, 2005).In Nigeria, the rural sector is distinguishable from the urban sector in terms of the respective volumes of agricultural and non-agricultural components of economic activity that take place in the two sectors. Thus economic activity in the rural milieu revolves around the exploitation or utilization of land. It centres principally on farming, animal husbandry, poultry, fishing, forestry, food processing and cottage industry. It has been estimated that agricultural activity occupies four-fifth of the rural population in Nigeria (Olatunbosun, 1975:10). The unavailability of basic economic and social infrastructure such as water, roads, and electricity and health facilities due to rural-urban investment imbalance is one of the major causes of low rural employment, low agricultural productivity and low standard of living of rural people. It is mainly in the rural sector that much under-spending of planned expenditure occurs, as evidenced in the relatively low level of private and public investments in the rural areas. Unfortunately, rural dwellers bear the brunt of the incidence of fluctuating prices of their agricultural products on the world market. Rural-urban migration in relation to development of agricultural activities is by far the greatest problem has been that of low production. This problem has been heightened by a large section of the Nigerian population which has taken to other non-agricultural occupations in the urban areas (Nwosu, 1979). As a result of this, the food security situation in Nigeria and other African countries has over the years deteriorated and many people now face the problem of hunger and malnutrition (Ojiako, 1999). Migration process, especially rural-urban often has grave consequences as it affects food production, agricultural exports, the rural demand for manufactured goods and future economic surplus in agriculture available for investment elsewhere in the economy. Due to rural-urban migration, rural communities suffer from a loss of manpower necessary for agricultural development. The impoverishment of rural areas white collar jobs in the cities.Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara state is comfortably Nigeria’s largest Local Government Area. Created in 1976 with the headquarters a Share, It shares common boundaries with Asa, Edu Isin, Irepodun, Ilorin South, Moro and Oyun Local Government Areas of Kwara state as well as Yagba West Local Government Area of Kogi State. The population figure is distributed amongst the nine (9) districts and eighteen political wards making up the Local Government Area. The local government consist of about 43 villages (Wikipedia). The people of this Local Government Area are predominantly Yoruba and belong to Igbomina and Adako ethnic groups. Other groups resident in the Local Government are: Igbo, Nupe, Fulani and Hausa. Majority of the people of this Local Government Area practice Christianity (53%) and Islam (44%) others (3%). The people of Ifelodun Local Government Area are predominantly subsistence farmers and petty traders. The food crops produced abundantly includes: Yam, Cassava, Maize, Rice, Soya beans, Locust-beans and Groundnut.

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