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Midkine is a protein and it encoded by the MDK gene in humans. Midkine is a heparin-binding cytokine or a growth factor. Midkine binds to structures that are oversulfated in heparan sulfate and in chondroitin sulfate, a midkine receptor contains a molecular complex of proteoglycans. Midkine promotes activities of target cells like migration and survival. Minimal residual disease (MRD) is the name of small numbers of bone marrow cancer cells that remain in the patient during treatment or after treatment when the patient has no symptoms or signs of disease.  Aurora kinase is an enzyme that regulates spindle assembly and regulates chromosomal segregation in mitosis. Keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) is an oxygen-carrying metalloprotein. It is found in the giant keyhole limpet, in it’s hemolymph. It is used in the production of antibodies as a carrier protein, it is also tested in different kinds of cancer vaccines.Chromothripsis is the anomaly in which many chromosomal rearrangements happen in a certain location which in a genome of one or more chromosomes. Norepinephrine is a catecholamine, which is indirectly released due to low blood pressure to restore the blood pressure. Monoclonal antibodies are antibodies created by an identical immune cell, which are all clones of a special parent cell.Meta-iodobenzylguanidine is used in a lot of medical studies, such as detecting neuroectodermal tumors. It is a precursor of a neurotransmitter.Adhesion molecules are molecules that are involved in cell interactions, such as T helper-B cell and T helper-accessory cell. Carbohydrate antigens are configurations of multiple polysaccharides and glycoconjugates. They are able to evoke specific carbohydrate antibodies and to react with these antibodies. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is produced by certain types of cells, like endothelial cells and T cells. It is a colony-stimulating factor. It promotes differentiation of bone marrow stem cells and it stimulates the maturation of precursor cells into macrophages and granulocytes, it also activates mature macrophages. Vesicular monoamine transporters (VAMTs) are transport proteins which are integrated into the membrane of synaptic vesicles of presynaptic neurons. They are responsible for the uptake of cytosolic monoamines. They transport monoamine neurotransmitters like dopamine and histamine into synapses as chemical messages to postsynaptic neurons. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are mutations that a part of the population has, that might make them more sensitive to certain treatments and diseases. Cytotoxic is toxic to cells, for example, it is used in chemotherapy to kill or to damage rapidly dividing cancer cells. Retinoblastoma is a type of cancer that develops from the immature cells of a retina. The retina is the third layer of the eye and it is the light-detecting tissue of the eye.

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