Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy. Malaysia is located in Southest Asia. There are 13 states and 3
federal territories and the
total area of it is 330,803 sq. kilometers. The South China Sea has separated
it by two similar sized region. Peninsular Malaysia and East
Malaysia are the two regions. Our
government claims a bit of Spratly islands in the disputed South China Sea. But
China and Taiwan is also claiming them with the rest of the 3.5 million-square-kilometer
sea that is filled with large amount of oil, gas and fish. We even opened an islet
called Layang Layang, to diving tourism. As the U.S. Energy Information
Administration says that The Southeast Asian countries has reserves of 5
billion barrels of crude oil and 80 trillion cubic feet of natural gas in sea,
more than other claimants. But we are saying a little about its claims compared
to the other claimants such as China, Taiwan, Vietnam and the
On March 20, 2017,
Malaysia’s Foreign Minister Anifah Aman said, China and Malaysia do not have overlapping territorial claims in the
South China Sea. Malaysia and other Asean nations,
who are claimants to the territory also claimed by China, do not acknowledge
the republic’s “nine-dash line” argument as it was not in accordance
with international laws, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of
the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982.
China’s claims of “historic title” in the South
China Sea has dismissed by the United Nations. After years of conflict among
China, the Philippines and other countries, it is a major decision that has
been taken. The UN PCA in The Hague said China has no historic title to the
area. And by interfering with Philippines’ fishing and oil exploration in the
area, the court also ruled that China had violated that country’s rights. In
recent years, despite other countries’ objections, China has seized and rebuilt
territory in the area. One of the conflicts is over China’s activities on
natural reefs. To support military bases, it has built many artificial islands.
The UN court again ruled against these activities and said that Country did not
have any exclusive economic rights to a disputed band of land and reefs called
the Spratly Islands.
An ASEAN-China forum to be proposed by ASEAN which could act
as a platform for continuous discussion and negotiation on the dispute.The UN
and ASEAN may ask for an official declaration from each claimant nation about
its claim based on requirement of international law to be endorsed
subsequently, if found in order. Once the boundary is decided at the initiative
of UN, protection of the borders can be assured through mutual cooperation.
China’ aggressive stand shall have to be countered and enforcement capabilities
of weaker nations shall have to be enhanced through international cooperation
involving interested nations like US, Japan, India, Australia and EU nations.