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Etnic : Suluk and Bajau in Sabah


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The Taus?g or Suluk individuals are an ethnic
gathering of the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. The Taus?g are a piece of
the more extensive political personality of Muslims of Mindanao, Sulu and
Palawan known as the Moro ethnic gathering, who constitute the third biggest
ethnic gathering of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan. The Sama-Bajau alludes to a few
Austronesian ethnic gatherings of Maritime Southeast Asia with their causes from
the southern Philippines. Taus?gs have work in neighboring Sabah, Malaysia as
development workers in look for better lives. Notwithstanding, a significant
number of them have disregard the law by exceeding illicitly and engaged with
criminal exercises


Food and Health

According to
Suluk,  emphasize a balance with nature
and believe that malevolent environmental forces such as those of nature, God,
the living, or dead may dispute a person energy and bring illness.


Suluk and Bajau foods


•The Sama-Bajau alludes to a few Austronesian ethnic
gatherings of Maritime Southeast Asia with their causes from the southern

•Taus?gs have work in neighboring Sabah, Malaysia as
development workers in look for better lives. Notwithstanding, a significant
number of them have disregard the law by exceeding illicitly and engaged with
criminal exercises

 •The Taus?g
or Suluk individuals are an ethnic gathering of the Philippines, Malaysia and
Indonesia. The Taus?g are a piece of the more extensive political personality
of Muslims of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan known as the Moro ethnic gathering,
who constitute the third biggest ethnic gathering of Mindanao, Sulu and


•The Sama-Bajau alludes to a few Austronesian ethnic
gatherings of Maritime Southeast Asia with their causes from the southern


•Taus?gs have work in neighboring Sabah, Malaysia as
development workers in look for better lives. Notwithstanding, a significant
number of them have disregard the law by exceeding illicitly and engaged with
criminal exercises



Historical backdrop for Suluk clinched alongside

As stated by its history, sabah might have been once
and only those Sulu malay sultanate of oman (in those east) which might have
been nearly interfaced for those malay sultanate of oman about brunei (in those
west of Sabah). Those Sulu malay kingdom settlement extends All around the
eastern and only sabah including to ranges along Sungai Sugut, Labuk waterway
Furthermore Kinabatangan waterway and Segama waterway. Those Suluk malay group
keeping need opened settlements on the east drift about sabah. To example,
Sandakan Also Lahad Datu are cases of placements that need aid named then
afterward the local Suluk dialect. Sandakan means’ area charge ‘while Lahad
Datu means’ Dat’s Settlemen. The Taus?g alternately Suluk individuals are an
ethnic assembly of the Philippines, malaysia What’s more indonesia. Those
Taus?g need aid and only those wider political personality of Muslims of
Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan known as those moro ethnic group, who constitute the
third biggest ethnic assembly about Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan. They initially
required an free state known as the Sulu Sultanate, which once exercised sway
through those introduce day territories from claiming Basilan, Palawan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi,
the eastern and only the malaysian state about sabah (previously north Borneo)
What’s more north kalimantan over indonesia.





1. Cannot eat ” Pumpkin” It bring the soul of dead people

2.  Cannot hit ”
Lizard” directly with anything hard tools

3. Cannot  eat
“LUMAHAN” because of the history of that fish but Some does.

4. During marriage need to stay in girl house for 3 days
along with their ‘Pandala”.


Throughout Conception.

In the Tausug tribe, those custom  ‘Magtimbang’  is a commitment that needs with be actualized
Eventually Tom’s perusing those group keeping Suluk each duration of the time
conception. This means on reject the unwanted matter instead of apply of the
highest priority on those infant. This custom is a stately synonyms for pop
culture Suluk, in any case about Suluk who settled On Kunak, Lahad Datu, Tawau,
Telipok, Tuaran alternately. Semporna. •.

 At the end of
the day importance custom Magtimbang is the service of the “swinging
ride”. Whether watched in depth, the custom Magtimbang may be comparative
to child hair shaving service to malay particular social order. As stated by
studies, procured the custom Magtimbang may be An legacy of the prophets hold
An kenduri Similarly as welcoming the conception of the baby. This custom will
be run after An week from claiming labor. However, whether the crew will be
lesquerella skilled, they might direct custom at any time that is fitting as
stated by their particular abilities. ‘Magtimbang’ intends finishing scales
youngster baharu was conceived over those bunk together other purposes
Throughout those ‘Magtimbang’.


taboos Throughout pregnancy.

 Bajau  need aid likewise celebrated for their
traditions Furthermore interesting. Over their lives, traditions identified
with births, marriage Furthermore passings thereabouts advocated.


With dodge dangers Throughout pregnancy, those lady
ought further bolstering experience A percentage particular taboos. It means
should shield himself Furthermore content, and additionally encourage those
conception notice. “around those taboos include;.

 •. Pregnant
ladies can’t remain out In night due to worry will make intruded on Eventually
Tom’s perusing the fragile animals.

•. Pregnant ladies can’t consume various sorts for
squid On account it makes it challenging conception procedure later.

 •. Pregnant
ladies ought not be drinking or showering for rainwater that fell starting with
the top in light of the “tembuni” will proceed with to die, particularly for
the individuals who would pregnant for those Initially chance.

•. Pregnant ladies can’t a chance to be grate
coconut oil What’s more contact will face challenges due to worry Throughout



. There would some taboos that requirement to make
received by somebody new lady secret word childbearing. “around them are:.

•. Those deceased’s mothball can’t consume
nourishment to risk. Furthermore of the congee alternately rice without relish,
those mothball ought detract drugs settled on from plants. Sustenance needs to
a chance to be controlled What’s more deliberately Throughout this period for

•. For seven times then afterward childbirth, the
mothball also can’t drink plain water. Water cure made starting with parts wood
roots, and herbs will make expended Eventually Tom’s perusing the deceased’s
mothball should recuperate wellbeing following labor.

•. The mothball ought to wear dark-coloured gloves,
generally black, On account brilliant shades are not great for eye wellbeing
with her baby.

•. The deceased’s mothball Might not be crazy When
with 44 thereabouts she may be not assaulted Eventually Tom’s perusing icy
wind. She Additionally must wear facial powder Pope, that is a sort from
claiming facial powder-coloured bootleg alternately white utilized within both
hands Furthermore her feet with evade chills.


islam era

Former of the stronghold of the sultanate, those
Tausug existed in groups called An banwa. Every banwa is headed by a pioneer
known as An panglima alongside a healer called a mangungubat. Those panglima is
generally a mamoncillo for An solid political What’s more physical
administration Around those Group people. The healer might whichever be An
mamoncillo alternately a woman, and they are specific clinched alongside
contacting those profound domain. Those healers would also exempted from
working on universal m Concerning illustration they camwood bring arousing
connections for the same sex, An basic characteristic done various tribes for
those philippines archipelago and northern borneo over pre-Islamic Furthermore
pre-Christian times. Each banwa will be recognized as a free state, those same
with the city-states for different areas on asia. The Tausug Throughout the
period needed exchange relations with different neighboring Tausug banwas,
those Yakan of Basilan, and the itinerant Sama Bajau.



The mind-greater part for Taus?gs take after Islam,
Likewise islam need been a characterizing part of local Sulu society Since the time
that islam spread of the southern philippines. They take after those accepted
sunni Shafi’i segment of Islam, Notwithstanding they hold pre-Islamic religious
polishes Furthermore frequently act An blend for islam and animism to their
adat. An christian privileges of the minority exists. Throughout the spanish
occupation, those vicinity from claiming jesuit preachers in the Sulu
archipelago permitted to the transformation about whole groups Furthermore
actually tribes Furthermore clans of Taus?gs, What’s more different Sulu locals
to roman catholicism. For example, Azim ud-Din i about Sulu, the nineteenth
sultan of swat of Sulu might have been changed over to roman catholicism and
submersed Similarly as wear Fernando de Alimuddin, In any case he reverted with
islam over as much after the fact an aggregation close passing.


The greater part assimilated filipino Vips and
government officials about Taus?g plunge likewise tend to take after those
christian religion of the larger part As opposed to the religion of their
progenitors. For example, maria Lourdes Sereno, the 24th head equity of the
incomparable court of the philippines may be for patrilineal Taus?g plummet is
a conceived again christian. Artist Sitti is about Taus?g and Samal plunge (she
asserts on make about Mapun heritage, Additionally local on Sulu), may be
Additionally An christian. Other Tausugs who migrated on other territories the
place christian traditions and observances are vibrant and no critical vicinity
about different muslim gatherings (especially though there’s no remaining
mosques Also islamic focuses about learning) grasped catholic confidence and
bring assimilated with the individuals for host areas.



Those Tausug dialect may be known as
“Sinug” with “Bahasa” with imply dialect. The Tausug
dialect will be identified with Bicolano, tagalog Also Visayan languages, being
particularly nearly identified with the Surigaonon dialect of the territories
Surigao del Norte, Surigao del sur and Agusan del sur and the Butuanon dialect
about north eastern mindanao extraordinarily those root Tausugwords without
those impact of those arabic language, imparting a significant number basic
expressions. Those Taus?g, however, don’t think about themselves Likewise
Visayan, utilizing the expression just will allude on christian Bisaya-language
speakers, provided for that those lion’s share for Taus?gs are Muslims as
opposed to its exceptionally nearly related Surigaonon brothers which are
predominantly roman Catholics. Tausug may be Additionally identified with those
Waray-Waray dialect. Tausug Additionally talk Zamboangueño ,Chavacano,
different Visayan dialects (especially cebuano dialect due to those impostor
deluge about cebuano transients will Mindanao), and tagalog in the Philippines;
malay in the Philippines, malaysia Also Indonesia; Also english over both
malaysia and philippines Concerning illustration second dialect. Malaysian
Taus?g, relatives about occupants At the Sulu sultanate of oman managed those
eastern and only Sabah, talk or comprehend the sabahan vernacular about Suluk,
malaysian language, and a few english or Simunul. The individuals who come in
standard contact for those Bajau likewise talk Bajau dialects. By the quite a
while 2000, mossycup oak of the Taus?g kids done Sabah, particularly to towns
of the west side for Sabah, were never again talking Taus?g; Rather they talk
those sabahan vernacular for malay Furthermore english.




Those Sama-Bajau alludes to a few austronesian
ethnic Assemblies about oceanic southeast asia with their roots starting with
the southern philippines. Those sake all things considered alludes with related
people who Typically bring themselves those Sama or Samah; or are known
Eventually Tom’s perusing the exonyms Bajau likewise spelled Badjao, Bajaw,
Badjau, Badjaw, Bajo or Bayao) Also Samal alternately Siyamal (the last
continuously recognized offensive). They Typically live a seaborne lifestyle,
and use little wooden cruising vessels for example, the Perahu (layag clinched
alongside Meranau), djenging, balutu, lepa, pilang, and vinta (or lepa-lepa). A
percentage Sama-Bajau gatherings local with sabah are Additionally known for
their accepted steed society.

Those Sama-Bajau would customarily starting with
those huge numbers islands of the Sulu archipelago in the Philippines, seaside
territories of Mindanao, northern Also eastern Borneo, the Celebes, Furthermore
for eastern indonesian islands. In the Philippines, they need aid gathered
together for those religiously-similar moro kin. Inside the final one 50 years,
A large number of the filipino Sama-Bajau have migrated will neighboring
malaysia and the northern islands of the Philippines, because of those clash
for mindanao. Similarly as for 2010, they were the second-biggest ethnic
assembly in the malaysian state for sabah.

Sama-Bajau bring at times been known as the
“Sea Gypsies” alternately “Sea Nomads”, terms that have
also been utilized to non-related ethnic aggregations for comparative universal
lifestyles, for example, such that those Moken of the Burmese-Thai Mergui
archipelago and the orang Laut about southeastern sumatran and the Riau
Islandsof indonesia. Those current outward spread of the Sama-Bajau starting
with more seasoned possessed territories appears to be on need been connected
with those advancement for ocean exchange ocean cucumber (trepang).


In those  expression
Kadazan-Dusun, Sama-Bajau will be an aggregate term, used to describe a few
nearly related indigenous individuals who think about themselves a absolute
different bangsa (“ethnic group” or “nation”) it is by
acknowledged that these Assemblies about individuals could be termed Sama or
Bajau, however they never call themselves “Bajau” in the philippines.
Instead, they call themselves with those names of their tribes, as a rule the
put they carry on with or spot from claiming Inception. To example, the
sea-going Sama-Bajau favor with call themselves those Sama Dilaut alternately
Sama Mandilaut (literally “sea Sama” or “ocean Sama”) in
the Philippines; same time clinched alongside Malaysia, they recognizing
Similarly as Bajau Laut.


A Sama-Bajau flotilla in Lahad Datu, Sabah, Malaysia.

Verifiably in the Philippines, the expression
“Sama” might have been used to portray those a greater amount
land-oriented What’s more settled Sama–Bajau groups, same time
“Bajau” might have been used to depict those a greater amount
sea-oriented, boat-dwelling, itinerant gatherings. Actually these distinctions
are blurring Likewise those lion’s share of Sama-Bajau have since a long time
ago Relinquished pontoon living, practically for Sama–style piling houses in
the seaside shallows.



Those Sama–Bajau people groups talk a few ten
dialects of the Sama–Bajau subgroup of the Western malayo-polynesian dialect
crew. Sinama will be the mossycup oak basic sake for these languages, yet all
the they would likewise know as Bajau, particularly On malaysia. The greater
part Sama-Bajau might talk numerous dialects. Those Sama-Bajau dialects were
When ordered under the focal philippine dialects of the malayo-polynesian
geographic one assembly of the austronesian dialect crew. Yet all the because
of checked contrasts for neighboring languages, they were moved will An
differentiate extension inside and out from the greater part other philippine
dialects. For example, Sinama pronunciation will be exactly different starting
with other close-by vital philippine dialects in Taus?g What’s more tagalog. As
opposed to the elementary stress being generally on the last syllable; the
essential anxiety happens on the second-to-the-last syllable of the expressions
done Sinama. This placement of the elementary anxiety may be comparative will
Manobo Furthermore different dialects  of
the predominantly animistic ethnic bunches about Mindanao, the Lumad people

Clinched alongside 2006, the etymologist robert
Blust, recommended that the Sama-Bajaw dialects inferred from the Barito
lexical region, if not from At whatever created assembly. It is accordingly An
sister aggregation should different Barito dialects like Dayak Also Malagasy.
It is ordered under those bornean geographic one assembly.


 Music and


A Bajau young lady clad in her customary dress.

Sama-Bajau accepted tunes would gave down orally
through generations. The tunes need aid as a rule sung Throughout marriage
celebrations (kanduli pagkawin), went with Toward move (pang-igal) and musical
instruments in pulau (flute), gabbang (xylophone), tagunggo’ (kulintang gongs),
and Previously, current times, electronic keyboards. 26 there need aid a few
sorts from claiming Sama-Bajau conventional songs, they include: isun-isun,
runsai, najat, syair, nasid, bua-bua anak, What’s more tinggayun.

Around the All the more particular cases of
Sama-Bajau tunes are three cherish tunes all things considered alluded on
Similarly as Sangbayan. These need aid Dalling Dalling, Duldang Duldang, and
Pakiring Pakiring. The the vast majority well-known from claiming these three
is Pakiring Pakiring(literally “moving those hips”), which is All the
more acquainted of the Taus?g in its popularized Furthermore modernized
structure Dayang Dayang. The Taus?g case that those melody will be local should
their culture, Furthermore if those melody will be initially Taus?g alternately
Sama-Bajau remain dubious. Practically Sama-Bajau society tunes need aid
getting to be extinct, generally because of the winding down interest of the
more youthful generations.















The rehabilitation of a traditional Sama-Bajau
house in the Heritage Village of Kota Kinabalu,
Sabah, Malaysia.


A Bajau young lady clad Previously, her customary

In spite of exactly Sama-Bajau headsmen bring been
provided for honorific titles like “datu”, “maharaja”
alternately “panglima” Eventually Tom’s perusing legislatures (like
under the sultanate of oman from claiming Brunei), they Typically just required
little power In the Sama-Bajau group keeping. Sama-Bajau pop culture may be
customarily Exceptionally individualistic, and the biggest political unit is
the family bunch around mooring points, infrequently more. Dissimilar to
mossycup oak neighboring peoples, Sama-Bajau social order is likewise pretty
much egalitarian, Furthermore they didn’t act An position framework. The
independence will be Presumably because of the by delicate nature of their
connections with land-based people groups for right will essentials such as
wood alternately water. The point when those relationship sours alternately In
there may be a lot of weight starting with land-based rulers, the Sama-Bajau
like should basically proceed onward elsewhere. More terrific essentialness
will be put once connection and complementary Labor as opposed formal power to
keeping up social union. There are a couple exceptions, however, like the Jama
Mapun and the Sama Pangutaran of the Philippines, who take after the customary
pre-Hispanic philippine feudal culture with An position framework comprising
about nobles, notables, Furthermore commoners Furthermore serfs. Prone
acquainted by those sultanate of oman of Sulu





The ocean gypsies are valid aces of the sea, Hosting
roamed those waters of the ‘Coral Triangle’ between Malaysia, philippines
What’s more indonesia for a lot of people generations.

Actually today, even now they live in wooden
houseboats alternately stilt huts manufactured atop coral reefs close to
Semporna’s islands.

An incredible amount have provided for dependent
upon their itinerant lifestyle on settle lasting press fabric ashore over hunt
of more amazing solidness. These individuals are known as the ‘Bajau Darat’.

Regardless of this, huge numbers at present hold
their itinerant nautical lifestyle and the number of Bajau Laut living around
Semporna will be assessed should a chance to be upwards of 3000.



A 2010 ponder authorized by Universiti Malaya Sabah
(UMS) discovered that those ocean gypsies rarely, on ever, set foot ashore.

At they would use the incidental night alternately
two for robust ground, they often report card feeling ‘Land sick’.

Preferring those sea, they might just try aground
for benefits of the business. This might incorporate offering their catches,
gathering new water to drinking or wood to settling on boats and Similarly as
well, to cover those dead. The vast majority might return with their boats
Eventually Tom’s perusing sunset.


and skill

The sea gypsies are exceptional free divers. Many
have mastered the art of free diving to depths of well over 20 metres while
holding their breath for several minutes. All this as they hunt for fish,
lobsters, sea cucumbers (tripang) and other marine life.

Following in the footsteps of their ancestors, they
earn their living solely based on the ocean’s resources.

Apart from being excellent at fishing and diving,
they are also skilled at constructing pile houses and boats called lepa.

Beautifully decorated, technicolour lepa boats
feature in the popular Regatta Lepa festival which takes place annually.


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