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Loss of Prejudice ; Restoration of EqualityIn the moments from child to adult, change is imperative, above all changes is the loss of innocence in which define the adults of our modern society . In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, there is a prominent central theme of loss of innocence and restoration, especially portrayed through main characters Jem and Scout Finch. Primarily, Jem gradually loses his innocence over the course of the book as he matures from a naive 10 year old to a wiser 13 year old,  however Jem is hustled through this journey in virtue of the deplorable experiences he encounters.Early in the narrative Jem beings to lose his innocence when the gossip about Atticus’s having taken over the role of the defender for Tom Robinson is exprepressed in derogatory remarks . Jem is further altered of the patronizing feelings of his community regarding the trail, especially when the enraged mob confronts Atticus with the intention of lynching Tom  Robinson .Jem’s major loss of innocence is due to the discriminatory verdict of a black man, Tom. Throughout the trial, Jem observes with an assurance that the charges against Tom will be dropped and is convinced that based on the evidence, there is no way the jury can convict Tom. The verdict comes back as guilty, Jem feels as though he’s been assailed. The verdict passed on by the jury gives the impression to be an extended raid of the beliefs Jem has, which are that: the legal system & court are ethical, that the town of  Maycomb is a community of admirable, unbiased people, and that innocent men are discharged. In the aftermath of the trail, Jem struggles to understand the reasoning as to why those in his community are desirous to isolate into groups display resentment towards one another. Scout claims that people are just the way they are , Jem is disagreeable “That’s what I thought, too, when I was your age.”( Lee 23. 67 ).  This quote is momentous for it indicates when Jem began to see the realism behind the judicial system that he once before held faith in.  In the face of the reality Jem encounters, he learns from his father the importance of protecting the guiltless and withstanding integrity in the face of adversity.Furthermore, Scout faces the internal conflict of witnessing cases of prejudice and hypocrisy created by members within her community–while although robbing her of her innocence– become vital in maturing her perspective and sense of self. Throughout the duration of the novel, Scout learns many life lessons from the adults around her as she matures. Through several losses of innocence, she gains a new perspective based on the way world works. In Chapter 12, Scout visits Calpurnia’s church and encounters the people of there who explain how people refuse to Hire Tom Robinson’s wife Helen due to the rape charges connoting him. This event teaches Scout that people are prejudiced and discriminatory not only towards people who are allegedly guilty, but even family as well.  In Chapter 14 Scout  asks Atticus about rape, He answers by saying: ” Rape is carnal knowledge of a female by force without consent ” (Lee 133)  Scout replies ” Well if that’s all it is why did Calpurnia dry me up when I asked her what it was?” . Evidently, Scout does not have a complete understanding of the subject but gains further knowledge during the trail of Tom Robinson. In the verdict Jem and reverend Sykes discuss rape in front of Scout and state: ” …Apparently you had to kick and holler , you had to be overpowered and stomped on,preferably knocked stone cold. If you were under 18 you don’t have to go through all this” ( Lee 209 . These quotations display how Scouts knowledge of rape emerges exceedingly as the story unfolds. In addition Scout encounter Ms Gates. She clearly displays disgust and disapproval of Hitler’s racist attitude towards Jews, but Miss Gates does not condemn racism against black people. Scout becomes aware that Miss Gates is a hypocrite, and this experience becomes a critical point where Scout demonstrates her maturity.  Through these occurrences. Overall, Scout matures and advances her perspective on life. She recognizes hypocrisy and prejudice throughout her community and intakes the lessons along with each struggle.There is a prominent central theme of loss and restoration displayed through Scout and Jem Finch The viewing and aftermath of the Tom Robinson trail allowed them to witness the flaws of the Judicial system and the flaws of the mentality of their own neighbours. By being able mature and realize that they are not in the center of their world, the children are forced to become  more aware of the world around them. In virtue of all the changes, the children reach a point where they are able to stand on their own in this cruel world.

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