Languageis a tool for communication due to citizens will interact in the society. Furthermore, the people should master thelanguage well. Amberg & Vause (2012)state that “Language is foremost a means of communication, and communicationalmost always takes place within some sort of social context”. It means thatcitizen always use language to communicate with the other to get someinformation from the society. When the citizens want to get information fromthe other, effective communication and state the idea clearly should beremembered by them. Brown (2001:1 in Ambarawati, 2014) states learning second language are verycomplex.
The meaning of second language is English. English is very importantto mastered due to most people will do communication by using English. Toachieve a successful communication whether it is in form of written or oral,the students should know the role of using English. Therefore, mastering English is importantsimilar with the four skills namely listening, speaking, reading and writing.One of the important skills should be mastered by students is writing. According to Aziz (2011) Indonesia has low percentage forcontribution in writing journal compared with the other south eastcounties. In Indonesia, the studentsstill have a low motivation in writing. One of the factors is lack of interestin reading.
Due to reading have close relation with writing. According to Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS)(2006, in Azizi 2011) state 85.9% people spend their leisure time forwatching their favorite channel or 40.3% people often listen to radio ratherthan reading newspaper (23.5%).
Writing is the process of gather the idea through inwritten forms until the reader can read it, Sokolik(2005, in Ambrawati 2014). In addition, Javed et.al, 2013 state writing is the process of communicationthrough the written form. It refers to writing is productive skill. Productive skill means thestudents create something new.
Meanwhile, some students say writing is thehardest skill in English rather than speaking, listening and reading. It can beproven with the survey from Goldstein,2017 states that 40 percent of students failed the writing and readingtest due to both of those skills haveclose relationship. If the students have lack of interest in writing, it mayaffect to their writing skill. In addition, they still do not comprehend thebasic information of writing.
Accordingto Li, 2012 further states and emphasize writing is the crucial skill forthe native or non-native students. In addition, Nunan, Brown and Harmer (1995, 2001 and 2007 in Alves, 2008) statedwriting is the complex and crucial activity due to writing has many componentsthat should be noticed by the learners. The components that make the studentstate writing is the crucial skill from thedevelopment of ideas, syntax, grammar, organization, vocabulary, content,communication skills, use of punctuation. These developments may unfamiliar orhave different concept from their mother tongue. Cooperativelearning strategy was used to increase of students’ interest in writing. Thecooperative learning is the learning strategy that gives chance to thestudents working with a team or group to solve the problem is given by theteacher (Kagan, 2009).
It is becausecooperative learning gives equal chance to students to tell or share their ideaorally. Samuel (2015) states that cooperative learning is strategy use smallgroups consist with four until six members in each group which work together toachieve the goals. One of the techniques for teaching writing is round tabledue to it can help the students to improve their writing skill in descriptivetext. According to Kagan (2009:6.34) round table iscooperative learning is the learning strategy which the students will showtheir contribution in solving and completing the text. The teacher should makethe text with possible answer.
In addition, round table is the cooperativetechnique which is the students should pass the paper and pencil after theytell their opinion or answer the question Kagan,1990; Stone, 1990. According to Ornstein and Scarpaci(2012:305, in Adityawati 2013) state Round table is the informal techniquedue to in one groups consist of 4-5 members. Round robin help the low abilitystudents in developing the paragraph due to they should tell their idea to makethe paragraph completely,