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I or Al? ad-D?n Kayqub?d bin Kayk?v?s (Persian Turkish: I. Alâeddin Keykûbad, 1188–1237) was the  who
reigned from 1220 to 1237. He expanded the borders of the sultanate at the
expense of his neighbors, particularly the Mengujek Beylik and
the Ayyubids, and established a Seljuq presence on the Mediterranean with
his acquisition of the port of Kalon Oros, later renamed Ala’iyya in
his honor. He also brought the southern Crimea under Turkish control for a brief period as a result of a raid
against the Black Sea port of Sudak. The sultan,
sometimes styled “Kayqubad the Great”, is remembered today for his
rich architectural legacy and the brilliant court culture that flourished under
his reign.



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reign represented the apogee of Seljuq power and influence in Anatolia, and Kayqubad himself was considered the most illustrious
prince of the dynasty. In the period following the mid-13th century Mongol invasion, inhabitants of Anatolia frequently looked back on his
reign as a golden age, while the new rulers of the Anatolian Beylik sought to justify their own authority through pedigrees
traced to him.

Kayqubad was
the second son of Sultan Kaykhusraw I, who bestowed upon him at an early
age the title malik and the governorship of the
important central Anatolian town of Tokat. When
the sultan died following the battle
of Ala?ehir in
1211, both Kayqubad and his elder brother Kaykaus struggled for the throne. Kayqubad initially garnered
some allies among the neighbors of the sultanate: Leo I, the king of Cilician
Armenia and
Tughrilshah, the brothers’ uncle and the independent ruler of Erzurum. Most of the emirs, as the powerful landed aristocracy of
the sultanate, supported Kaykaus. Kayqubad was forced to flee to the fortress
at Ankara, where he sought aid from the Turkman tribes of Kastamonu. He was soon apprehended and imprisoned by his brother in a
fortress in western Anatolia.




I reigned as the Seljuq Sultan of Rûm from 1220 to 1237. He was also known
as Al? ad-D?n Kayqub?d bin Kayk?v?s (Persian
Turkish: I. Alâeddin Keykûbad,
1188–1237). Kayqubad
being the sultanate had an aim, he wanted to increase the boundaries of his
territory mainly by the disbursement of other nationals such as Mengujek Beylik
and the Ayyubids. He then founded a Seljuq presence on the Mediterranean by taking
over the port of Kalon Oros which was later famously known as Ala’iyya after
his name, in his honor. For a small timeframe Kayqubad also reigned over the
southern Crimea which was then under the Turkish rule. Sultan Kayqubad was also
referred to as “Kayqubad the Great.” Kayqubad the great sultan till today is
well known for His architectural style and marvelous court activities.


Kayqubad’s reign portrayed the brilliance of Seljuq glory, power and hold in
Anatolia. In his dynasty he was the most charming and celebrated and recognized
prince. People of Anatolia looked up to him in years that followed especially
during the 13th century Mongolian invasion. His reign was often
referred to as the Golden Period and rulers who succeeded after him wanted to
impose authority through pedigrees traced to him.


Kayqubad was
the second in line to the throne. His father Sultan Kaykhusraw I gave him the
title ‘Malik’ and gave him the authority to govern an important town of
Anatolia called Tokat. Sultan Kaykhusraw died in the year 1211 following the
battle of Alasehir. Thereafter his sons Kaykaus and Kayqubad both struggled to
win the throne. To win the throne Kayqubad made allies with many such rulers
like Leo I the King of Cilician Armenia and Tughrilshah, and  on the other hand the emirs supported Kaykaus.
Even after making allies initially he had to flee to the fortress at Ankara.
While in Ankara he approached the Turkman tribes of Kastamonu. Even after much
struggle Kayqubad was arrested and put behind bars by his elder brother Kaykaus
in one such fortress in West Anatolia.











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