KayqubadI or Al? ad-D?n Kayqub?d bin Kayk?v?s (Persian Turkish: I. Alâeddin Keykûbad, 1188–1237) was the whoreigned from 1220 to 1237.
He expanded the borders of the sultanate at theexpense of his neighbors, particularly the Mengujek Beylik andthe Ayyubids, and established a Seljuq presence on the Mediterranean withhis acquisition of the port of Kalon Oros, later renamed Ala’iyya inhis honor. He also brought the southern Crimea under Turkish control for a brief period as a result of a raidagainst the Black Sea port of Sudak. The sultan,sometimes styled “Kayqubad the Great”, is remembered today for hisrich architectural legacy and the brilliant court culture that flourished underhis reign. BioGraphyKayqubad’sreign represented the apogee of Seljuq power and influence in Anatolia, and Kayqubad himself was considered the most illustriousprince of the dynasty. In the period following the mid-13th century Mongol invasion, inhabitants of Anatolia frequently looked back on hisreign as a golden age, while the new rulers of the Anatolian Beylik sought to justify their own authority through pedigreestraced to him.Kayqubad wasthe second son of Sultan Kaykhusraw I, who bestowed upon him at an earlyage the title malik and the governorship of theimportant central Anatolian town of Tokat.
Whenthe sultan died following the battleof Ala?ehir in1211, both Kayqubad and his elder brother Kaykaus struggled for the throne. Kayqubad initially garneredsome allies among the neighbors of the sultanate: Leo I, the king of CilicianArmenia andTughrilshah, the brothers’ uncle and the independent ruler of Erzurum. Most of the emirs, as the powerful landed aristocracy ofthe sultanate, supported Kaykaus. Kayqubad was forced to flee to the fortressat Ankara, where he sought aid from the Turkman tribes of Kastamonu. He was soon apprehended and imprisoned by his brother in afortress in western Anatolia. REWRITTEN CONTENT FROMORIGINAL: – KayqubadI reigned as the Seljuq Sultan of Rûm from 1220 to 1237.
He was also knownas Al? ad-D?n Kayqub?d bin Kayk?v?s (PersianTurkish: I. Alâeddin Keykûbad,1188–1237). Kayqubadbeing the sultanate had an aim, he wanted to increase the boundaries of histerritory mainly by the disbursement of other nationals such as Mengujek Beylikand the Ayyubids. He then founded a Seljuq presence on the Mediterranean by takingover the port of Kalon Oros which was later famously known as Ala’iyya afterhis name, in his honor. For a small timeframe Kayqubad also reigned over thesouthern Crimea which was then under the Turkish rule. Sultan Kayqubad was alsoreferred to as “Kayqubad the Great.” Kayqubad the great sultan till today iswell known for His architectural style and marvelous court activities.Biography SultanKayqubad’s reign portrayed the brilliance of Seljuq glory, power and hold inAnatolia.
In his dynasty he was the most charming and celebrated and recognizedprince. People of Anatolia looked up to him in years that followed especiallyduring the 13th century Mongolian invasion. His reign was oftenreferred to as the Golden Period and rulers who succeeded after him wanted toimpose authority through pedigrees traced to him.
Kayqubad wasthe second in line to the throne. His father Sultan Kaykhusraw I gave him thetitle ‘Malik’ and gave him the authority to govern an important town ofAnatolia called Tokat. Sultan Kaykhusraw died in the year 1211 following thebattle of Alasehir. Thereafter his sons Kaykaus and Kayqubad both struggled towin the throne. To win the throne Kayqubad made allies with many such rulerslike Leo I the King of Cilician Armenia and Tughrilshah, and on the other hand the emirs supported Kaykaus.Even after making allies initially he had to flee to the fortress at Ankara.While in Ankara he approached the Turkman tribes of Kastamonu.
Even after muchstruggle Kayqubad was arrested and put behind bars by his elder brother Kaykausin one such fortress in West Anatolia.