Kathy Thien #34World HistoryPeriod 513 December 2017The Motive Powers of Imperialism in Africa Introduction ParagraphBackground/Historical Context/Contextualization- For many centuries, many European merchants had traded things like gold, slaves and/or ivory along the coasts of Africa. They used to not dared go in further within the continent to trade. Around 1800’s the Europeans finally goes in further to explore the core of Africa.
By the late 1800’s, most African colonies were under the control of the Europeans, in which Africans had to provide the Europeans with the resources they needed.Thesis Statement- The driving forces behind European imperialism in Africa were economical advancements, national dignity, and industrial ideas.Body Paragraph 1Claim Statement/Topic sentence- A driving force for Africa was economical advancements.Evidence with citations- John Ruskin, an English intellectual, conveys “…(T)his is what England must either do or perish: show must found colonies as fast and as she is able, formed or her most energetic and worthiest men; – seizing every piece of fruitful waste ground she can set her foot on, and there teaching these her colonists … that their first aim is to be to advance the power of England by land and by sea” (Document B, Excerpt of a speech given by John Ruskin).Analysis/ Commentary- There are many forces that lead countries to strive for more wealth or land. Many countries try to expand their lands and expand their knowledge through the use of other countries as role models or colonies within a colonized country.
In this case, it was Africa that was the one being colonized by the Europeans. Europeans had strived to make advancements to their economy, in order to make their society more successful. The more successful they can be in how their society works to produce products or conquer more land, the more their wealth increases.Evidence with citations- Information drawn from various sources show that the French West Africa (France) had the most resources exported which increases the economical use of the resources (Document D, Selected African Colonies and Their Exports).Analysis/Commentary- The Europeans had strived to also improve their economy through the usage of trade. Many produce had been exported from Africa, in which many African’s had sacrificed their own body in order to earn enough money for clothes and food for, not only themselves, but also for their family.
Africa had been divided up into colonies, which different Europeans had taken over. The Europeans imperialism had made lots of use for the resources they were being provided by the colonies in Africa, most were for the advancements of economical use. Closing Sentence and Transition- Thus, the Europeans were trying to advance their economy by using Africa, additionally the next paragraph talks about how the Europeans pride make use of Africa.Body Paragraph 2Claim Statement/Topic sentence- Another driving force for Africa was national dignity.
Evidence with citations- According to a map created from various sources, the British and the French were the two leading colonizers. They held the most African colonies in the race for colonization (Document A, Partition of Africa, 1884-1885).Analysis/Commentary- The map of Africa shows the colonies in Africa that had been colonized. It shows specifically who had been colonized by whom and also shows of the colonies that were free. Based on this map, one is about to see how many colonies the Europeans were able to conquer. The more colonies one had, the more it showed their power. It showed that the wealth of the colonizing country would increase as they get more resources from the different colonies.
The map showed their pride and dignity based on the colonies they are able to colonize.Evidence with citations- A graph from The British Empire 1558-1995 reveals that the numbers in 1900 for Imports and Exports between Great Britain and Africa were greater than as compared in 1854. In 1900, Great Britain made around 21.5 million of British pounds as compared to 1854, in which Great Britain made around 2.
5 millions of British pounds (Document E, Great Britain and South Saharan African Imports and Exports, 1854 and 1900).Analysis/ Commentary- The numbers on the graph between 1854 and 1900 had a very big gap between them. The numbers had scraped to the top drastically after imperialism had been put into use, especially the exports to Africa in 1900.
The Europeans all had a desire to be at the top of everyone else, in which most had competed each other in order to be the best. To be the best means to be the wealthiest, the one with the most power all over the others, and to have control of trading or other countries or colonies. Their pride is what drives them to strive to be the best. To not be the best or the wealthiest or the most powerful results bad images on the Europeans.Closing Sentence and Transition- All in all, the pride of a European is greater than their heart, they valued improvement over anything else, furthermore the following talks about the advancements with technologies. Body Paragraph 3Claim Statement/Topic sentence- Industrial ideas was also one of the driving forces for Africa.
Evidence with citations- Based on the development of technology in the 18th and 19th centuries, many technologies were being invented or advanced from the late 1700’s to the late 1800’s. Many improved laboring work or helped advance weapons for fighting (Document C – Table Graph).Analysis/ Commentary- Many technological improvements had been a driving force that Europeans used in order to make advancements. These industrial ideas helped many jobs or work easier for the people. Most had a usage for treating illnesses, making communication easier and faster, and/or made advancements towards weapons in usage for wars. All of these technologies created helped lots of Europeans in producing more produces or created more useful things in order to trade/ sell for money or others things needed within the country. Evidence with citations- In Rudyard Kipling’s poem, he advises the readers to “Take up the White Man’s burden-/ The savage wars of peace-/ Fill full the mouth of Famine/ And bid the sickness cease;/ And when your goal is nearest/ The end for others sought,/ Watch sloth and heathen Folly/ Bring all your hopes to nought…” (Document F, “The White Man’s Burden”).Analysis/ Commentary- Kipling’s poem zooms in about the need for improvement.
He advises the readers to stand up, take charge, and pick up the work dealing with man. He says to take up the “White Man’s burden,” in which he extremely tries to convey his message through this poem. This connects to industrial advancements because the author is telling the readers to make changes or create changes for improvements within the community or society. If one man stands up, another will follow, creating a domino effect on the people in order to persuade them to pick up their work and create changes in the country. Through this encouragement, more advancements can be made in order to bring benefits to the country, Europeans especially.Closing Sentence and Transition- Overall, Africa and Africans were used to help improve the Europeans economy, their pride, and especially their technologies, all of which made big improvements to the European society.ConclusionEconomical advancements, national dignity, and industrial ideas were driving forces for the European imperialism in Africa.
The imperialism of Africa advances many technologies, knowledge, and pride, which in today’s modern day Europe works. What had happened centuries before is what makes Europe and Africa as how it is today.