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Katelyn MurrayHumanitiesMr. Nugent10 January 2018Classical Western Civilizations ComparisonWestern Civilizations in the Mediterranean area and other parts of the modern world are heavily influenced by the classical civilizations, Greece and Rome. Greece was established in the eighth century B.C. and was conquered by Rome; a prospering civilization in 146 B.C.  During this time period a great deal of civilizations in the Mediterranean area were captured, as others fought to obtain power over the area. Rome’s political organization illustrated equality and equilibrium through its share of power in its government, but also had many flaws, similar to the United States. Additionally, Rome had a unique and powerful cultural glorification that set a foundation for artistic techniques used today. Finally, Rome’s influential symbols depicted in artwork and ancient currencies gave its citizens pride, creating dominance and unity within the civilization. Although Ancient Greece had a strong impact upon the development of modern day Western Civilizations, Rome had even more powerful effects on modern day nations’ development due to its political organization, influential symbols and morals that enabled them to culturally glorify themselves, creating dominance and unity.The share of power in Rome’s government enabled Rome to possess equality and equilibrium. The Roman Constitution was based off of three branches of power. Not having the power of the government in the hands of an individual allowed for Rome to have groups of people all possessing sovereign powers (1). The share of power that Rome possessed was adopted by modern Western Civilizations. Rome’s political actions helped create the foundation for all modern governments such as the American Democracy, and many others.  Rome’s actions showed that an equal share of power to all citizens positively affects the rest of the civilization. The United States modern day government consists of the legislative, executive and judicial branches, just like Rome had its three sections of power. While Rome influenced the country’s leadership style, Greece impacted Western Civilization government morals. Equal opportunities were offered to all citizens in Greece, influencing the morals of Western Civilizations. Equal opportunity was granted to all of the citizens of Greece no matter their social ranking. The flexibility in Greek government rewarded the most promising citizens, who followed and represented all of Greece’s morals with the opportunity to make its political decisions (2). Giving the opportunity to receive positions in the government made the people felt represented. Since they were given a fair opportunity to participate in their government, dominance over other ancient western civilizations was present in the Greek government. Its dominance was the result of equality boosted in the government which created unity. Following in the footsteps of Classical Greece, the United States has representation in its government by having three different branches of government. In addition to the fair and equal morals of the Greek government, Ancient Greece occupied a collection of independent states known as the Delian League. The states that were part of the Delian League all had a common goal, “Together, these states consisted a formidable force capable of achieving its objectives” (4). The alliance between the states enabled them to work and fix any problems within the civilization at ease. Solutions to problems from war or the  distress of the civilization were easily solved by the states due to their universal morals. Even though it had flaws, the Greek Delian League set a foundation for the Rome republic. Your connections. In conclusion the most influential government system to modern Western Civilizations was the Roman republic.Rome also had a unique and powerful cultural glorification that set a foundation for artistic techniques used today. Though Rome glorification created pride within its citizens, Greece had embellishments that left a mark on modern Western Civilizations. The Parthenon was built from 447 to 438 B.C, it was built for the creation of unity between the citizens of Greece (6). It served as a place to worship Athena, the goddess of wisdom and military victory. The physical appearance of the structure can be referenced by many modern western civilization buildings. The columns around the outside the framework MISSING. Likewise to the ancient Greeks, today buildings for worship and sacrifice exist in modern time. Buildings such as churches, temples, and cathedrals are places that are still occupied daily for the aforementioned. Despite the common and traditional architecture techniques Ancient Greece pioneered, Ancient Rome created unique and useful structures that are still constructed today. These modern buildings still possess the same functions its earliest influencers. Modern western civilizations continue to be influenced by Ancient Rome’s structures and buildings. The Roman Colosseum was a place citizens of Rome could find entertainment, made and based off the personal interests of its people (5). Its wondrous structure and intercuit design intrigued people, and made it become the most popular of areas to find entertainment. In modern Western Civilizations the structure and function of Ancient Rome’s colosseum can be found in stadiums, stadiums serve the same purpose of entertainment where people will come based on social preferences. For example if their favorite sports team were to play there, the fans of those teams would come and surround themselves with people who share the same interest. In addition to the aforementioned cultural expression, Rome’s impressive road system allowed had a massive impact on modern western civilizations. Their intricuit road system allowed for the spread of their ideas. Across the Mediterranean, their glorification was able to spread and grow through the roads (12). Given that the roads were built in and out of Rome, other civilizations learned about the embellishments of Rome. Knowledge of other people and civilizations learning about the aforementioned provided the citizens of Rome with satisfaction and pride. Today, in modern western civilizations, civilizations can prove their worth and superiority through systems of communication such as the Roman road system. Delight and dignity is given to the citizens of the civilization, as they are proud of _?_. Despite the slight impact Greece had on the architecture of modern western civilizations, Rome was far more influential to the overall architecture and cultural expression of modern day. Rome’s influential morals and symbols depicted in artwork and ancient currencies gave its citizens pride, creating dominance and unity within the civilization. However, Greek morals were portrayed in sculptures. Greece valued the qualities of fit and athletic person. The Discobolus is a Greek sculpture, sculpted by Myron, and depicts the qualities Greece values (10). Sculptures like such would be placed in public places reminding the people of Greece their morals. Modern Western Civilizations adopted the idea of portrayal of their morals. In modern civilizations the expression of their morals is still found through art. Different from Greece, Rome depicted their ideas of heroism and morals. The celebration and honoring of heroic people, who positively affected Rome’s republic was illustrated on its currency. Romans used coins as their currency as early as 137B.C. The image emphasizes the heroism within their money. Individuals that represented the best qualities the civilization believed in were illustrated and imprinted upon the money (7). Having the currency imprinted with a person symbolizing the values of the civilization allowed for the  citizens to be constantly reminded of Roman morals and achievements. In modern western civilizations, such as America, the face of heros of war and hardships are illustrated upon the currency symbolizing leadership and courage. By having figures that acquire the aforementioned qualities, often reminds the citizens of their morals and what they stand for. Provided that they now had a way to spread their morals and ideas, their advanced road system became a _____. The Romans enormous road system helped the development and spread of their morals. Since the Roman road system was so complex it connected the entire civilization, allowing for the entire republic to be informed of the morals (11). While the connection and unity increased the power within Rome, they conquered civilizations that greatly increased the size of the civilization. Unfortunately the rapid pace the civilization grew at caused for some division. However with the expansion their road system, the republic was reconnect. Modern western civilization, such as the United States, occupy enormous amounts of land. With the large amount of separation in between all the settlements within the country the use roads to connect all the citizens is seem to this day. All the aforementioned passions Rome had for honoring those who possessed all the qualities and morals the republic followed, affected modern Western Civilizations more than Greece. In conclusion, modern Western Civilization was strongly influenced by Rome. Many things from Ancient Rome have been adopted into modern Western Civilization political functions and daily life. Rome was known for accepting its vanquished enemies into Roman citizens, and welcoming the gods of the newcomers. Comparatively, the United States is recognized for welcoming immigrants from all around the world. In conclusion modern Western Civilizations were heavily influenced by Rome. Rome’s political organization illustrated equality and equilibrium through its share of power in its government. Since Rome’s cultural expression was unique and powerful, it set a foundation for artistic techniques used today. Finally, Rome’s influential symbols depicted in artwork and ancient currencies gave its citizens pride, creating dominance and unity within the civilization.  Rome had a stronger influence on the development of modern day Western Civilizations, than Greece who had less of an impact, Rome had more effect on modern day nations’ development due to its political organization leading to its strong economy enabling them to culturally express themselves which created dominance and unity.

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