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The activist organisation that will be reviewed in the essay is
“Save Beeliar Wetlands”. This article supports the essay by cultivating Gandhi’s
non-violent philosophy in seeking social justice. “Save Beeliar Wetlands” activism adopts a nonviolent approach gather
widespread community support.

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philosophy for non-violence based on its nine essential components is an
important aspect of activism.


(2007) defines the three Rs: resistance, reforms and redemption. Resistance is what
should be resisted to stay true to one’s conscience. Reform of the person occurs
if requested by others. Redemption is overcoming one’s hostilities by turning
these negative forces into peaceful and nonaggressive forms.

three Ss are self-suffering, simplicity and service. Self-suffering is to
endure one’s hardships respectfully. Simplicity is a humble life free from complexities.
Service is committing to the task of others.

three Ts are trusteeship, tolerance and truth. Trusteeship requires the wealthy
to keep their wealth for the needy. Tolerance is understanding people’s
differences and beliefs. “Truth is God” (Nojeim 2007, 567) is a central aspect
of Gandhi’s philosophy.


conclusion, Gandhi’s practices and beliefs can be adapted to the contemporary
non-violent activism to bring about an identifiable social change. His
philosophy allow today’s activists to practise the philosophy in their everyday


Critical Analysis

Nojeim asserts
that humanity should use non-violent means when resolving disputes and
inequalities. The title uses ‘blueprint’ which implies a guide to follow.
However, Gandhi’s idea is not set in concrete. It is argued that the
‘blueprint’ is not a comprehensive guide. For example, Nojeim (2007, 546) states
‘His behaviour was often inconsistent as he relied on trial and error’. Does
this mean that Gandhi’s philosophy is an evolving ideology? Furthermore, not
everyone would accept the nine essential components especially the rich would
question his “trusteeship” concept of wealth.



Nojeim, M.
2007. “A Gandhian Blueprint for Non-Violent Change.” Peace and Change 32 (4):
548-552 DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0130.2007.00463.x.

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