Jews believe that there is a single God who created the universe, and with whom every Jew can have a personal relationship.The Torah, the primary book of Judaism, was given to the Jews by the Prophet Moses about three thousand years ago.Moses is the leader who freed them from slavery in Egypt.
Moses protected the Jews from the wrath of God, and negotiated with God on their behalf. The basic commandments of Judaism, according to legend, were passed by God to Moses. They contain religious precepts like: do not worship other gods; do not mention the name of God in vain; honor your father and mother; do not kill; do not steal; do not give false testimony; do not desire anything what your neighbor has.
Judaism prescribes food restrictions for Jews: food is divided into kosher (permitted) and non-kosher (not permitted.The Star of David is an ancient symbol, represented in the form of a six-pointed star. It is very important to Jews as it symbolizes the form of shields used by King David’s soldiers.Jews worship in a synagogue, which is a place that serves for Jews to worship God and is a center of religious life of the community. Similarly, Christians have Church and Muslims have Mosque. Men and women sit separately in the synagogues. Men are required to cover their heads.Anti-Semitism is intolerance, hostility towards Jews.
Usually it is expressed in dislike, antipathy and even hatred towards Jews, their descendants, and religion Judaism.History shows that anti-semitism, based on prejudices, is the reason persecution that lasted for centuries, mass pogroms, murders, and the Holocaust.Most people who are hostile to Jews do not have any logically explanatory reasons for this. Many of them know the widespread opinion: “Jews are greedy, cunning, they need to be feared, beware of, we have to take some measures”. And no facts can reassure those who believe in anti-Semitic myth. It spreads, consolidates in the minds of a wide variety of people, regardless of origin, education, or nationality.
Especially if their ancestors believed in this myth.In the medieval Europe Jews were sooner or later expelled from almost every country where they lived: from England in 1290, from France in 1306 and 1394, from Hungary between 1349 and 1360, from Austria in 1421, from German principalities during the XV and XVI centuries, from Spain in 1497. Attempts were made to completely exterminate Jewish population. One example is Nazi Germany during the Second World War.1. Race theory – Jews are hated because they are considered to be an inferior race.2. Economic theory – Jews are hated because they have too much wealth and power.
3. The theory of outsiders – they differ from everyone else.4. The theory of the “scapegoat” – they are the cause of all the conflicts in the world.
5. Theory of the deicide – they killed Jesus Christ.6. The theory of the chosen people – they arrogantly declare that they are God’s chosen.More than 2,000 years ago in Persian Empire, the all-powerful minister at the court of King Ahasuerus Aman conceived the idea of ??destroying all Jews. He came to the king and said: “In all areas of your kingdom there are specific people scattered among the peoples and separated from them. Their laws are different than those of others and they do not fulfill the laws of the king, and the king should not leave it that way.
Would it please the king to order them to be destroyed? “These words were uttered more than two thousand years ago. It is difficult to say what has changed since then. Generations are coming, generations are leaving, and anti-Semitism remains, the phenomenon is almost as old as the Jewish people itself, a phenomenon as curious and as surprising as the very existence of the Jewish people.
2. Because of their commitment to believing in one God and refuse to recognize one in Jesus, which would later be perceived as a betrayal, Jews’ relations with the followers of Christ gone bad. With the beginning of the Middle Ages, the Jews would be treated badly among Christians (people began to say that Jews crucified the Lord, that they drink blood of Christian babies, spread the plague and poison the wells).
3. In 169 BC, Jerusalem was completely destroyed, and the Jerusalem’s temple was burnt down by the Roman army. From this once majestic structure only ruins remained, which the people of Israel took as a punishment from God. This day in the history of Israel has become a symbol of all misfortunes and suffering. According to Jewish tradition, on the same day, the first temple built by King Solomon was also completely destroyed.
4. In 1255, in Lincoln, Jews were for the first time accused of murdering the children of Christians to use them in their rituals. The body of a Christian boy, who was missing for three weeks, was found in a pit, where he, apparently, accidently fell. However, the Christians living in that town thought differently. Subsequently, one of the Jews named Copies confessed under torture that “the Jews crucified the boy in the same way they once crucified Jesus.
” Nineteen Jews were hanged without trial.5. In 1391, in Seville’s town square, a local Spanish churchman Martinez, delivered an accusatory speech against Jews. Right after that, the masses full of fury, armed with daggers and cudgels, broke into the Jewish quarter, set fire to it and began to kill and rob its inhabitants. About 4000 Jews were killed, many were forced to baptise.6. After the publication of the Russia’s first constitution – a set of rules and principles, – which promised citizens of Russia civil rights, many Jews went against the government. For the local residents this was the motive to start a new wave of crimes against Jews.
In February 1905, Jews were attacked in Feodosia, in April of the same year in Melitopol and Odessa. Jew suffered approximately 660 attacks in Ukraine. They lasted several days.7.
In 1882 the Russian Empire introduced new laws that abolish some of the earlier ones, which allowed Jews to live in the cities. After the publication of those laws, Jews were once again forced to live their homes. They were forbidden to settle, rent and purchase real estate outside cities and towns.8. The event known as the Holocaust occurred during World War II whenAdolf Hitler was leader of Germany. Starting from 1933, Nazis – HItler’s soldiers and followers – captured Jews and brought them into concentration camps where they were tortured and killed. More than 5 million Jewish people were murdered by the Nazis.The Holocaust ended in 1945 with the end of World War II.