It is a
usual thing to see complicated characters created by the directors in movies.
Of course, it will not be as complicated as a real human because any character
in any movie will usually be put into a form in a certain way to fit a
narrative. This case may change for the directors who choose to create
characters with some mental disorders. They often have the chance to portray
different sides of a character and to break away from reality. In recent years,
many American movies which have portrayed mental disorders or used them as
backdrops for other themes meet with the audience. In this paper, I will try
to analyze several works of an American director Darren Aronofsky who usually
puts on display obsessed characters in his movies.
starting, I want to clarify the mental disorders which have become part of Aronofsky’s
movies. Those are psychosis, anorexia, bulimia, schizophrenia, schizoid personality
disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Some of these disorders
have their root in an unpleasant mental state that is familiar to us: anxiety.
It is a part of being human, but for some people it can develop into intense
fear, paralyzing dread and ultimately turn into full-fledged anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorders are characterized not only by distressing and persistent
anxiety but also often by the dysfunctional behaviors that reduce that anxiety.
According to the World Health Organization, “obsessive–compulsive personality
disorder (OCPD), also called anankastic personality disorder, is a personality
disorder characterized by a general pattern of concern with orderliness,
perfectionism, excessive attention to details, mental and interpersonal
control, and a need for control over one’s environment, at the expense of
flexibility, openness, and efficiency.” OCPD is often confused with an anxiety
disorder called obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). It is important to
distinguish between OCPD and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), which is an
anxiety disorder characterized by the presence of intrusive or disturbing
thoughts, impulses, images or ideas (obsessions), accompanied by repeated
attempts to suppress these thoughts through the performance of irrational and
ritualistic behaviors or mental acts (compulsions).
Aronofsky’s dark, gripping movies focus on ambition and obsession, and the
psychological torment that results from both.