IntroductionThe role of democracy and liberal in human life has become the topic of discussion among the scholars and politicians lately due to the rise of technologies and movement of free speech with democracy usually associated with conservative and liberal as the newcomers. While human rights are the main importance of democracy, the liberal focused on rights and entitlements once associated with all citizens that are becoming linked to neoliberal criteria. So that entrepreneurial expats come to share in the rights and benefits once exclusively claimed by citizens really is a direct challenge to democracy claim to universality. This paper will discuss the importance and differences between democracy and liberal in human life based on social and economic perspective. Social Perspective : DemocracyBased on social perspective for democracy. The importance of democracy in human rights to ensure the well-being of life (De Mesquita, Downs, & Smith, 2015). Rephrase Based on literature, the most prescriptively provocative finding in the emerging research literature on human rights is the importance of democracy (Poe & Tate, 1994; Hofferbert & Cingranelli, 1996; Davenport, 1995, 1999; Poe, Tate, & Keith, 1999; Apodaca, 2001; Keith, 2002; Bueno de Mesquita, Smith, Morrow, & Siverson, 2003).
Moreover, the human right must be implemented in the democratic state and the significance of democracy as a way to promote and develop respect for human right. But based on observation, not all democratic state countries are free from human right. For example, although the United States is a democratic state, violation of human right act still happens in the form of human trafficking and child abuse. In 2015, an estimated of 1,670 children died from abuse and negligence in the United States.
Therefore, for the democratic state, they must emphasize the importance of the human right to their citizens. The role of democracy can be a protection for the poor (Sen, 1999). There is little evidence that the poor do not like democracy. In democracy, the poor will get attention and keep the financial assistance and daily needs of the government or non-governmental organization.
This shows the government and non-governmental concerns in protecting and assisting the poor. For example, even in India in 1973, or Zimbabwe and Botswana in the early 1980s, the poorest democratic countries that faced terrible droughts or floods or other natural disasters were able to overcome the plight to feed their citizens without experiencing famine. The democratic government is easy to prevent famine if there is a serious effort to do by facing elections and criticisms from opposition parties and independent newspapers.
In addition, in Malaysia, there are programs that help the poor. For example, the broadcast TV station helps the poor by giving them daily necessities and money for daily living. The important and positive role of political and civil rights applies to the prevention of economic and social disasters in general. Therefore, the livelihood of the poor who live in the democratic state will get their attention and be defended.
Provision of infrastructure and social well-being for citizens for a better life (Olayiwola, 2014). Maintenance and construction of bridges and roads, electricity, education, communication system, hospitals, pipe-borne water, and a host of other social amenities for the citizens are examples of these provisions. The democratic government must develop the nation in terms of infrastructure and welfare of the people. For example, Malaysian as a democratic country the development of provision of infrastructure and social welfare become growing from the past such as public facilities and public transport. Unlike communist states, their provision of social infrastructure and social welfare is not a priority for their people, but they are more loyal to their leaders. Hence, the democratic country they more to a provision of infrastructure and social welfare better than communist states. Social Perspective : LiberalBased on the social perspective for the liberal, instead of all citizens enjoying a joined bundle of citizenship rights, we have a shifting political setting in which heterogeneous populations claim diverse rights and benefits related to citizenship.
For instance, in the European Union zone, unregulated markets and foreign flows threaten conservation associated with liberal traditions (Ong, 2006). This is possible due to the notion of citizenship mutations which are not defined by conventional geography. On the contrary, the Asian sites act of self-enterprising values has made citizenship rights and interests fall upon the individual market achievement.Give example The indefinite period of global occupation and pacification began as the decline of the ongoing civil war due to development of an under-theorized post-interventionary civilization within the changing space north-south relation (Duffield, 2010).
To form part of the liberalism’s foreign self-governing frontier, they also signal the expanding of the development-underdevelopment division. Even so, the development–security nexus is still more than likely to expand than the contract in the face of this dilemma. Economic Perspective : DemocracyBased on the economic perspective for democracy, when the economic development is starting to slow down, the citizens usually will find their own incentive to face the economic crisis to ensure they are able to survive until the growth of economy back to normal (De Mesquita, Downs, & Smith, 2015). For example, now in Malaysia, when the cost of living increases, most moderate and low-income people will work overtime or find additional work to cover the cost of living. In democratic country, people are free to own property and free to do anything as long as it does not violate the law. States with higher per capita incomes generally will help the country from experiencing economic crisis and country’s development.
In addition, people with high income will be taxed, where the taxes will be used for developing the country. Besides that, people with low and middle-income will be not taxed. When the country has an economic crisis or economic slowdown, it is the role of the government in overcoming and managing the country’s economy to ensure they are able to survive until the growth of economy back to normal. For example, when the world has an economic crisis between 1997 to 1998, the prime minister of Malaysia, Dr, Mahathir could overcome Malaysia from experiencing economic crisis while most of the Asian countries were experiencing economic crises.
Thus, when economic slowdown, the government and citizens play their respective roles to overcome the economic crisis. To guarantee the economic growth, the authority has to boost up and encourage the citizens to involve in industrialization and agricultural development and monitor the economic cycle for the social development ( Olayiwola, 2014). Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the services and goods produced by an economy over time.
In a democratic country, equality of all citizens from the political to the social and economic spheres of life is vital. In addition, at the economic level, this is achieved by allowing equality in the ownership of the means of production through the nationalization of major enterprises. Good economic growth can reduce inflation and attract investors to invest in our country.
When economic growth is not encouraging, it will have a negative impact on the country. From 1960 to 1990, Robert Barro (1996) studied a panel of 100 countries to find the factors that affected the economic growth of those countries. He found that the growth rate of real per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was associated with maintenance of the rule of law, longer life expectancy, smaller government consumption, more male in secondary and higher levels of schooling, higher levels of investment, lower fertility rates, a lower inflation rate, and openness to trade (Upreti, 2015). Thus, the good economic growth can overcome inflation and economic crisis. Economic Perspective : LiberalBased on the economic perspective for the liberal, trades have a positive and noteworthy impact on economic growth, more particularly so in the middle-income group when a country has accomplished some level of economic development. For example, the empirical investigation showed the average value of export-growth regression from 1973 – 1993 which had seen an increase for these few countries; Philippines, Pakistan, India, and Thailand (Vohra, 2001). The growth of industrial era helps to make trades and imports among the middle-income countries easier and thus increase the value of the coefficient for that individual country.
A positive and significant coefficient of the growth rate of export would indicate the positive effect of export expansion on economic growth. Ethics of mutuality or at least recognition of economic symbiosis between migrant workers and the affluent employers who feel entitled to their low-cost foreign labour is being invoked. It happened when the citizenship does not serve as a protection for the foreign worker; the joining of a healthy body and dependency on migrant workers produces a kind of bio-legitimacy that can be considered a first step toward the recognition of their moral status, but short of human rights (Ong, 2006).
Fortunately, the confluence of territorialized citizenship and deterritorialized human rights forces form an environment in which problems of the human are posed and resolved. A simple critique of the citizenship and human rights is that we were not able to capture the varied assemblages that became the sites of present-day political claims by a range of residential and foreign actorsGive examples. Conclusion In conclusion, given how important an ideology can influence our lives, it has been shown how far democracy has become to be a crucial instrumental value in complementing the hearing that people get in expressing and aiding their claims to political attention. Even though the value of democracy includes its elemental importance in human life, its instrumental role in achieving political incentives, and its practical function in the development of valueIncomplete has became one of the reason why it should not be an ignored topic. Lastly, it is also important following liberal and free-market policies by undertaking aggressive export expansion plans and attracting external investment to offer a positive and noteworthy impact on economic growth, more particularly so in the middle-income group.