IntroductionObesity has been said to be “the result of long-term energy imbalances, where daily energy intake exceeds daily energy expenditure. Along with long-term health problems, obesity in children may also be associated with psychosocial problems, including social marginalization, low self-esteem, and impaired quality of life”. (Canoy & Bundred, 2011). Obesity is slowly becoming a global predicament. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are over 45% of people in the world suffering from obesity. America, Asia, and Africa record the highest obesity prevalence rates respectively. Goran (2017) educates that the two main types of obesity are childhood and adult obesity. Childhood obesity is significantly on the rise and is believed to be a direct predicate to adult obesity. Medical practitioners and nutritionists advocate for relevant measures be adopted towards ensuring the mitigation of childhood obesity. The provisions of this campaign align towards advancing the need for sensitization, awareness, and policy planning and implementation as potential prospects for mitigating childhood obesity.Background InformationChildhood obesity is a problematic condition affecting at least 38-58% of children worldwide (Goran, 2017). According to Goran (2017), childhood obesity is a condition where the body produces too much fat that negatively affects the healthy development of the child and his/her general well-being. Several medical and nutrition practitioners have come out strongly to declare that childhood obesity is a potentially life-threatening condition. In 2015, public health assessment surveys done in the U.S showed that one in every five children that visited the 152 healthcare facilities suffered from obesity (Goran, 2017). A further analysis of the case demonstrated that the trends in childhood obesity were significantly on the rise since 2012. Bleich, Jones-Smith, Jones, O’Hara, & Rutkow (2016) hypothesize that the levels and rates of childhood obesity will continue to rise if factors contributing to the development of childhood obesity are not mitigated. Several factors contribute to the emergence and prevalence of childhood obesity. According to Bleich et al. (2016), the most common reasons for childhood obesity stem from aspects of the dietary constitution, lifestyle modes, and genetics. The latter has for a long time been a scientific point of contention as different rationales have been advanced concerning the correlation between genetics and obesity. Informed scientific studies and evidence have qualified the need to appreciate the connectivity of childhood obesity and genetics. In 2010, the American Medical Association (AMA) declared childhood obesity a medical concern in America. International medical unions and organizations, for example, the WHO reported it a global medical problem that required solutions. Prudently, basing on this actions and scientific evidence, there is a fundamental need to mitigate the issue of childhood obesity. Moore, Wilkie, and Desrochers (2017) argue that if left unchecked, childhood obesity poses grave effects on the development and well-being of children.