IntroductionIt’s amazing that I’m living in the modern day of Canada where we accept other ethnic groups and are very diverse. However, I am questioning myself on how did different minority groups in the past get treated, if now the society accepts them.
We still see racism and prejudice in the media but it must have been way worse during the 1850s than today. From different minority groups, I’m using comparison to see what were the struggles they faced through the 1800s and to what they are facing now. This research can be beneficial and surprising because it can show what problems different ethnic groups are struggling with right now that we may have never recognized before, but it can also reveal how different ethnic groups worked hard throughout the years to get to their position in the modern society.Back in the 1800sIndigenous PerspectiveChildren during the 1800s were sent off to residential schools established by the Government which wasn’t what the Indigenous leaders envisioned. The children were taken away from their families to change their identity. The students were isolated and their culture was destroyed. The first language the Indigenous children spoke was forbidden when communicating with siblings or writing letters to parents.
Some staff members were physically abusive but were also claimed to be sexual predators. All Indigenous children were converted to Christianity. During sessions, the staff often criticized Indigenous spiritual traditions to make the children feel ashamed of their heritage.
The low quantity of food and overcrowded population caused many Indigenous children to die in the Residential Schools. Also, many of them who were malnourished had diseases such as tuberculosis and influenza. In 2013, research had been done by a food historian who discovered food experiments were done on students without their consent or their parents. Nutrition experts have told that their was no any long term benefits and the food preparation was also horrible. A summary report was posted by CBC News on the odds of dying in a residential school comparing to the odds of dying in WWII which is posted below. Men and Women during the 1800s had suffered with residential schools which lowered their education levels. Most of the culture was destroyed by the British from taking family members away.
Also, many men of Indigenous tribes had an alliance with the British and fought during the war of 1812 which shaped Canada. Many Indigenous societies did fur trade with Europeans and with other tribes. However, the relationship with the Europeans caused Economic pressure to the Indigenous but also warfare and diseases that killed many First Nation communities. Alcohol abuse that was provided by the Europeans was a major part that caused many Indigenous families to fall apart during the 1800s. Modern DayIn the modern day, many Indigenous families still struggle with social issues and many haven’t taken a stand to help these families.
One issue that they struggle with today is health issues and some diseases that aboriginal people struggle with heart disease and diabetes. There is also a higher risk for respiratory problems towards Aboriginal children than Non Aboriginal children. Inadequate housing and living conditions are linked to the health issues and have caused media attention to a housing problem in Attawapiskat. Also, there are higher rates of suicides for Aboriginal people than any other group which means the suicide rate is five or seven times higher. The Inuit youth has the highest rate in the world which is seven times the national average and the highest in the world.
Even in the modern day, the Indigenous people still face many problems because of their culture being torn apart. Back in the 1800s African Americans Perspective After the abolition of slavery, Black Canadians had lower wages compared to the white Canadians. Poverty was one of the first experiences that Black Canadians dealt with. Some arrived to Toronto through the Underground Railway which helped them farm their own land successfully. During the 1800s, most Black Canadians who migrated to BC had established small businesses. However, African Canadians were employed as low skilled labour. Many children got family like relationships through the community and attended schools that were segregated but also had low funds.
British Charitable Organizations were in most of the Black communities during the 1800s, however most children didn’t get the right education due to funding. This was an education disadvantage due to the reason of how Black Canadians were treated during the 1800s. Many groups such as the Black Loyalists were formed to go against other European communities due to the fact of how they were being treated. Last segregated school in Ontario closed in 1963 which was only 53 years ago. Ghetto or Projects were the term to indicate how poor areas of Black Canadians lived in due to the segregated conditions. Modern Day African Canadians in the present day still face struggles in Canada but not as much as before.
However, one issue is lack of opportunities for African Canadians have the third most unemployment rate among all the minorities in Canada which is 11.5%. Many African Canadians have said in their workplace they have gotten discriminated based on their skin colour, religion, accent and their culture. When it comes to education, more than 50% of black seniors attend post secondary educations such as universities or colleges but only 26% graduate with a diploma. However, it has seen that teachers that teach in the inner city schools of Canada will mostly focus on their pay than the student`s performance which has a big effect on African Canadians and other minorities who attend those schools.
The most important issue that African Canadians still face and still hasn’t change is poverty. Poverty in Canada for African Canadians is 25% in 2010. When it comes to poverty, there are other factors with it such as stress, low education, health problems, crime and lack of opportunities. African Canadians went through alot which was very significant to our Canadian history and shaped our country to not having Xenophobia.Back in the 1800sImmigrants Perspective (Chinese, Japanese Canadians, and South Asians)During the 1800s, discrimination towards Asians mostly happened when settling in British Columbia.
Many Anti-Asian groups were formed and considered Asians as aliens. However, most Asians during that time immigrated to Canada because they heard that Canada had higher wages. This meant many Asians were willing to work for less money than white workers. Many labour groups complained and protested that they should restrict Asian immigrants because they were taking all the jobs away. Anti Asian Riots or Anti Chinese Riots were opinions towards the Asians during that time.
Anti-Asian groups have attempted to exclude Asians from schools and to restrict the sale of land but also limit the number of license of Japanese fishermen. Japanese, Chinese and South Asians couldn’t votes or have careers in public votes. Less riots occurred during the 20th century. However, Immigration restriction laws were put towards to Asians because of the increasing population during that time. Canadian authorities banned immigration of female Asians because of the fear of encouraging Asian men moving to work temporarily as railway workers, then later settling permanent in Canada which will cause the “Yellow Peril.
” The Yellow Peril was a vision the Canadian authorities saw towards East Asians during that time and the term was also a racist colour metaphor during the 1800s. Immigrants didn’t get to vote until the year of 1937 in BC which changed the history of voting in Canada for several ethnic groups.