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                By the
legislative power vested in a bicameral body, the Congress of the Philippines,
Martial Law in Mindanao has been approved for extension as requested by President
Rodrigo Duterte for a year, or until the end of 2018 during the 17th
Congress last December 13, 2017.4 With a 240 against 27 votes from
the lawmakers, it has been proven to have sufficient reason to extend the said martial
law. 5For the second time that the extension has been raised, it
is relevantly significant to promote the peace and order in Mindanao even after
the war in Marawi City which lasted for about five months. 1 The
palace highlighted that their primordial concern is the public safety, but what
are its implications to the people in Mindanao? Has it implicated a sense of
security or anxiety?

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1st subquestion:

What is the main reason for extending the Martial Law?

According to Sen. Franklin Drilon, who has been against this
law since its first approval, there is no more “actual rebellion or public
uprising” anywhere in the country. “There are only threats at this point,” says
Drilon. He is one of the 27 lawmakers from the other side. On the other hand,
according to Senior Deputy Executive Secretary Menardo Guevarra, “it is not
based on an assessment of an existing threat, but on the basis of a continuing
actual rebellion.” Despite the fall of the Maute group in Marawi, rebellion still
exists on some other areas in Mindanao. In fact, there’s a massive recruitment
among other ISIS-inspired groups such as the BIFF (Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom
Fighters) and the BaSulTa (Basilan, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi) to name a few. Thus, the
reasonable cause for this extension is the Continuing Actual Rebellion and not
just a mere Threat. 5


2nd Subquestion:

Shouldn’t be Martial Law a last option to maintain peace and

As for some senators, this might become a habit of the
executive committee to carry out martial law if theres’s a slight conflict in the
country. The Filipino people have been so indignant with this because of what
happened during Marcos’ regime. 6 It is undeniably a nightmare for
every Filipino to undergo such an inhumane treatment. Being in a strong
position of power is another story. And that is what most people are anxious
about. No one wants to commit the same mistake again after all.


3rd subquestion:

What is the economic impact of Martial law in the Philippines?

Despite the war in Marawi City, the government still holds
solid control of the government installation and major infrastructure on the
island. The stock market is doing well presently. Furthermore, the country’s
credit will not be affected because of its firm macroeconomic fundamentals. “Martial
Law ensures the protection of these facilities for the business transactions to
be left unaffected,” says Finance Secretary Carlos G. Dominguez III. Hence, amidst
the battle in Marawi, the Martail law has no significant impact on the
Philippine economic prospects near-term, according to the credit watchdog Moody’s
Investors Service. 2


Generally, Extended Martial Law in Mindanao is more of a
boon to the society specifically for the people of Mindanao. It promotes safety
among the public and a sense of security for every individual. Under Duterte’s
administration, the fear of repeating the history will just remain as is for
now until proven wrong. Despite all these, the administration is looking after
the welfare of the majority. Davao is a good example of how President Duterte
rules, being the 5th safest city in the world. 3





1 BBC News. (2017, June 22). Philippines Duterte:
Martail law extended in Mindanao.
2 GMA News. (2017). Economic impact of Mindanao
martial law limited, says Moody’s.
3 Hegina, A. J. (2015, June 24). Davao City
improves to 5th in ranking of world’s safest cities.
4 (2017, December 13). Congress
extends martial law in Mindanao to end of 2018.
5 Santos, E. P. (2017, December 13). Congress
grants Duterte request to extend Mindanao matial law until end of 2018. CNN
6 U.S. Library of Congress. (n.d.).

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