Introduction Juvenilejustice and adult justice systems are always seen as separate systems becauseof the age differences and the treatments given in both systems. In general, juvenilesare recognizing as individuals below the age of 18, while adults arerecognizing as individuals with the age of 18 and above. Juveniles who involvedin criminal acts would have a difficult status to be determined by the world. Theyare seen as children with no or less understanding of the laws, and they willbe punished with kindliness.
Thus, if adults entangled in the same crimescommitted by juveniles, they will be arrested, and even incarcerated. Despiteall the differences between the two systems, there are a number of similaritiesbetween the two systems, as well. Nonetheless, the purpose of this paper is tocompare and contrast the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems, analyzeand describe how they are similar and how they are fundamentally different, andexplain why the juvenile justice system is different, and the principles behindthose differences.
Comparison of juvenile and adult criminal justice system Thoughthe adult court and juvenile court functioning are different in many aspects,the core objective behind both the systems are similar. They both are protectingand enforcing the laws. The basic procedures such as processing, trial,sentencing, and parole are similar in both the cases.
Both adults and juvenilehave the right to be aware of the charges against them and for legalrepresentation. Indeed, the two systems remain separate in various ways. Forexample, police officers, judges and correctional personnel use discretionmaking in both the adult and the juvenile systems. Also, juveniles and adultsboth have the right to receive Mirandawarnings.
Boot camp correctional facilities are now being used for both juvenilesand adults (Siegel & Welsh, 2012, pg. 489). The standard of evidence injuvenile delinquency and adjudications, as in