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Introduction:

To outsiders, Dissociative Identity Disorder may be
viewed as a weakness when actually is it the exceptionally strong desire to endure.
DID, also known as multiple personality disorder, is a psychological condition
which is a severe form of dissociation. According to (Tracy, 2017) this
disorder only affects 1% of the population, which is very rare. This is a
flawed mental process that causes a shortage of connection in a person’s
thoughts, emotional state, actions, or sense of identity. Essentially, it is
characterized by two or more distinct characters, or the presence of multiple
personality states in the effected person, that alternately take control of an
individual. These states are interchangeably exhibited in one’s behaviour, recollection,
and cognizance (Dissociative Identity Disorder, 2005).

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So how does suffering with Dissociative Identity Disorder
affect daily life as well as interactions and relationships? Affected persons
over time develop personality diversions in an effort to escape previous
situations, therefore the alternate personalities that emerge results in random
dissociations from others and in turn fail to foster normal relationships with
them.    Multiple personality disorder is
related to psychology, psychology mainly focuses on the human brain and how it
functions, as well as concentrating on personal events.

Symptoms:

DID will often become noticeable in behavioural
situations where differences will
reflect on the affected individual. Because the condition will present itself
in alternate character traits manifested in speech, attitudes, gender
orientation, mannerisms, and physical tendencies, DID sufferers often
experience severe dissociation from others. According to Spring (2012) further
distinct indications are “two or more voices that converse or argue,
persecutory voices that comment harshly, make threats, or command
self-destructive acts, posttraumatic flashbacks, and finding evidence of one’s
recent actions.”

Causes:

Contrary to what one would intuitively believe,
multiple personality disorder is not hereditary or an imbalance of the brain caused
by an aberrant gene.  According to Tracy
(2017), “People with DID tend to have personal histories of recurring,
overpowering, severe and often life-threatening traumas such as physical or
sexual abuse before the age of nine; which is thought to be a key developmental
age.” Overwhelming neglect and emotional abuse are also thought to be contributing
factors and similarly, DID is often a consequence of war, accidents or natural
disasters. Similarly, signs of dissociation can also be a psychological reaction
to serious environmental and interpersonal stressors. (Tracy, 2017) stated that
“in order to survive this stress, a person separates his or her thoughts,
feelings, actions and memories associated with the traumatic experience from
his or her usual level of consciousness.” It therefore becomes a behavioural
manner of repressing recollections of traumatized memories and an evolved way
of escaping unfortunate past occurrences

Impacts:

It seems as though living an ordinary life is almost
impossible with DID. The distressing symptoms can heavily affect a person’s
family life, social life, romantic life, and employment. The different
characters may exhibit differences in speech, mannerisms, attitudes, thoughts,
gender orientation, and even physical properties such as right-or-left
handedness.  A regular day for many
battling DID may begin with the inability to just get out of bed after continuously
being interrupted from sleep by nightmares. 
Everyday activities such as simply starting the shower may trigger the
upset thoughts of past abuses.  Each day
is filled with the processes of making consideration to shelter the once young
but injured self from the contemporary realities of carrying on within society.
These challenges exist and are carried from one day to the next even while the
struggles to cope with them go largely unnoticed. The sudden changes in
character can make social interactions difficult, in that the person will
generally try to avoid communication in the first place rather than subject
others to conversations that suddenly switch identities. With this cognizance
of the personality downfall, individuals will be inclined to withdraw from
personal relationships due to others being intolerant of the peculiar symptoms.
 (Dissociative Identity Disorder and
Living Day-to-Day, 2016).

Treatment:

Although there is no cure for DID and while
treatment for this condition may take several years, it is effective. With
various different forms of therapy used to help eliminate certain behaviours,
psychotherapy is regarded as the most effective and common way of treating it.  After therapist treatments, patients develop
improved relationships with people, which help with feelings they had been
unable to cope with and express normally prior to receiving assistance. An
alternative method is using hypnosis, the purpose is to increase the control
over one’s character states by familiarizing them with their symptoms and
identities. Finally, medication can be prescribed to alleviate psychiatric
issues such as depression, anxiety, anger issues, and impulse-control problems.
The approaches outlined aren’t guaranteed to work, however they are each or in
some combination demonstrably beneficial in assisting individuals overcome this
disruptive condition (Dryden-Edwards, 2016).

Conclusion:

In summary, the condition of multiple personality
disorder has gained an increased awareness in the mental health field shedding
new light on the causes and remedies.  The
problems of dissociation through research has come to light in those who had in
most cases suffered in childhood through serious emotional stress related to an
incident or through neglect that brings continuous recurrence of agonizing
memories. As a person with Dissociative Identity Disorder will react in
societal environments by displaying alternate personality traits, the problem
is exacerbated due to others engaged in the same social setting potentially
avoiding interaction with affected individual. With developed remedies ranging
from psychotherapy to prescribed medication, there is hope that an individual,
while not entirely cured, however will be able to beneficially reduce these different
behaviours and regain the capability to maintain productive relationships. 

           

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