In Australia, as in other Western countries, illegal drug users often provide crimes to money their actions. Over the past four decades, heroin bad habit has been a main factor in helping to get rid of the strong hypertext between the rise in heroin tariffs and property offenses (Chilvers and Weatherburn, 2003).Studies have shown that drug treatment, including a methadone clinic, effectively reduced levels of theft, but the loss of literature due to lower heroin taxes. If the Australian government is to legalize heroin, pure heroin can be very low in order to abandon the black market. Therefore, heroin can reduce the price level by about 50% (Van der Haar, 1996). However, there are lacks of info about or the prices will be reduced, and then reduces the value of a crime business.
Relationship between drugs and crime
There is a wealth of evidence that clearly indicates that drug addiction and crime are a causal link. Maher and others according to the example of 202 heroin users, 70 per cent said they received part of their income from the most intrusive property offenses, including burglary, theft shop and armed street robbery (Mather et al., 2001). Although private property offenses were the second on the average for the average weekly wage in the drug market, the average income was $ 782 per week and the annual average income was $ 40,664. The NSW Bureau of Crime Stats and Research (BOCSAR) continues to test this connection between drug and property crime, considering that the number of heroin users in Australia has risen from around 670 in 1967 to around 67,000 in 1997 (Chilvers and Weatherburn,2003)
Therefore, BOCSAR concluded that an increased heroin addiction (resulting from an overdose of heroin) has a significant impact on the development of enlargement. Other studies complementing this link between drugs and crime are Mukherjee, Jorgensen (1986). McBride, McCoy (1995) and “The Official Salvation Army’s response to the proposed heroin studies” (1997). Therefore, since the high proportion of drug use and crime is “one of the most reliable outcomes, which can be obtained in criminology” (Stevens, 2003)
Why addicted heroin users commit crimes
The wide-ranging debate on the nature of drugs and crime, whether addicted drug users have committed crimes in order to maintain their habits, whether they are offenses against drug use. Dobson and Nick have reported that 52 percent Drug users most often took part in property offenses after the commencement of heroin crimes (Dobson and Ward, 1985).The cost of heroin is very expensive and the Australian Institute of Criminology claims that heroin users use on average. In such an expensive habit, Mukherjee reveals that 90 percent of the users referred to “drug money” as the main cause of property crimes. Therefore, according to current literature, in order to keep $ 2,000 per week habit, a heroin addict must either resort to the drug market, crime or prostitution.
However, Maher et al. Contrary to this view, arguing that 69% participants reported the commencement of a criminal offense before the commencement of routine use of heroin. Therefore, these two studies contradict each other. However, both studies have a relatively small sample and do not provide information on the sampling method and whether the sample was cross-sectional. Thus Maher and others claims that even if a person starts committing a property offense before commencing drug use, a property infringement should continue to be carried out in order to maintain his drug habit.
McBride and McCoy argue the third approach: the link between crime and drugs is insignificant, and human ecology is the most important. This ecological perspective suggests that the areas inhabited by the individual “are important for certain forms of behaviour, such as certain types of drug use and crime.” (McBride and McCoy,). So this is not a heroine, but a social group. However, the importance of the price of heroin should be taken into account in this perspective, as shown in 2000. Heroin drought. During this drought, the level of crime has increased dramatically due to the increase in heroin (Donnelly et al., 2004). This indicates that the crime is not merely due to human ecology and therefore the cost of using narcotics to become criminals’ (The Salvation Army Rehabilitation Services Command and Community Relations Department).
Impact of lower heroin prices on crime
There was only three authors raise the question of whether the reduction in the price of heroin would reduce the level of crime. Mukherjee argued that the sheer price of heroin adds to the perpetrators, and that “the reduction in price may lead to a reduction in property crimes” (Mukherjee and Jorgensen at 228) However, he does not substantiate this and he only notes that the price of heroin has increased and the level of robbery has increased. He does not intend to further discuss this issue nor does he draw any conclusions as to why this might happen.
There are a few problems with this area research. Firstly, data on the burglary and the cost of heroin must be recorded for many years. Secondly, the police did not report a lot of robberies; moreover, not all of them are registered. The third problem, as Chilvers and Weatherburn have noted, is difficult to accurately determine the exact price of heroin for a particular period. This is due to the fact that the price of heroin increases, as the supply of drugs decreases, and therefore heroin prices may vary between suburbs.