Introduction58 of the 195 countries in theworld allow and have the death penalty as legal. One of them is the UnitedStates, an English-speaking country with 23 executions in 2017. However, 19states in the US have chosen to abolish it while 31 states still have it aslegal. Because of this, it exists organizations that are working to prohibitthe death penalty both in the US and in other countries as well. The three mostfamous organizations working on this mission are Amnesty International,National Coalition and The Death Penalty Project. According to Amnesty, thismethod is “cruel, inhumane and degrading” (Amnesty, 2018). As a result, thepolls from Gallup present that the support for the death penalty in 2017 wasthe lowest since 1972 (Gallup, 2016).
The citizens change their mind about thesituation and think of it is as a problem instead is a reason why the supportis reducing. However, why is the death penalty a problem in the Americansociety? Expensive methodFirst of all, a death penalty caseis more expensive than an imprisonment case in the US society. According to TheDeath Penalty Information Center, the price for each case is different in eachcity where death penalty is the most expensive while trial is the cheapest (TheDeath Penalty Information Center 2017). The reason why the death penalty caseis more expensive is because before the execution there are investigations andhearings where it consists of lawyers and judges. However, those who are forthe death penalty states that the culprit deserves it and the execution willmake the victim’s family feel better, so the fund is not important. Do not deter crimeSecondly, the death penalty doesnot deter crime in the US society.
The crime rate in the US is still high comparedwith other countries for example Norway that does not have the death penalty.However, supporters of the death penalty states that it is also used to terrorothers from committing a crime. Against human rightsLast but not least, it proceeds contraryagainst the two human rights: the right to live and the right to live free fromtorture according to Amnesty.
These rights were adopted by UN, an organizationthat protects the human rights in 1948 (Amnesty 2018). However, the right tolive is abolished when an individual is put to death and the method to executea person abolishes the right to live free from torture. This is a statementthat are used by those who are against the death penalty to highlight theiropinion about the problem.
On the other hand, those who are for the deathpenalty state that those who attained the death penalty have already abolishedtheir human rights by their own action.Innocent executionThe first supporting argument onthat it proceeds contrary against the human rights is that a person may also beput to death without committing the crime. It will be unfair for them that theylose their human rights without breaking the laws. However, the court usually doesnot claim the defendant is innocent, but in some cases where the defendantcould be innocent were followed with strong evidence. An example is the case ofRobert Pruett that was executed in 2017 (The Death Penalty Information Center 2018).On the other hand, those who are for the death penalty declare that the chancefor an accused is innocent is limited, because the trial is ensured to be fair.
Botched executionThe second supporting argument isthat according to Death Penalty InformationCenter, 3% of executions in the United Sates went wrong in the progress. Ifthe execution proceeds wrongly, the person tends to have a more painful death. Furthermore,the method that tend to procced wrongly the most is lethal injection and thereason is that it is difficult to find a suitable vein. As a result, in somecases they decide to choose another worse method instead for example gas chamber.Therefore, those who are against the death penalty consider this as unhuman.
However,supporters of the death penalty assume that the culprit deserves it and the newmethods used are humane. The Death RowA convict that has received thedeath penalty tends to wait for their execution in the Death row. In thewaiting time, they are refused to meet others and are held alone for more than23 hours a day. In addition, they do not know when it is and can be waiting forover 20 years for their execution. This can be seen as a physically torturemethod that goes contrary against the right to live free from torture. Incontrary, the supporters state that the culprit deserves this.
Conclusion List of sourcesCapitalPunishment digital photography. Located 20.01.18 onthe Internet: https://www.myjewishlearning.com/wp-content/uploads/2005/12/capital-punishment-1598×900.jpgCosts of the DeathPenalty (2018).
The Death Penalty Information Center.Located 25.01.18 on the Internet: https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/costs-death-penaltyDeath Penalty (2018).
Amnesty. Located 25.01.18 on the Internet: https://www.amnesty.org/en/what-we-do/death-penalty/Executed but Possibly Innocent (2018). The Death PenaltyInformation Center. Located 25.
01.18 on the Internet: https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/executed-possibly-innocentU.S.
Death PenaltySupport Lowest Since 1972 (2017). Gallup. Located 25.01.18on the Internet: http://news.gallup.com/poll/221030/death-penalty-support-lowest-1972.aspx