INTRODUCTION 1. This paper is to discusson Fleet Admiral William Fredrick Halsey, Jr the basic biography, overview oflifestyle, personal characteristics, effectiveness and competence andLeadership analysis. He was one of agreat leader and a sea warrior, played a major role in United States (US) Navyduring the World War II. His inspirational leadership when taking command of USforces in the South Paci?c in 1942 is widely acknowledged as the turning pointof the war in the Paci?c. Famous American historian, Samuel Eliot Morisonrecognised Halsey in World War II as ‘one of the most famous sea ?ghters ofthis or any other war’. 2.
Admiral William F. Halseywas one of the most controversial commanders in US Naval history. He has started his naval history by commandingfirst group of the Atlantic as a Lieutenant Commander by showing his confidenceand ability in destroyers and torpedo boats in year 1918, commanding USS Shawand decorating himself with the Navy Cross. In the course of his tenure in theUS Navy, he commanded in number of battle starting with World War I, Leyte Gulfthe Central Philippines in October 1944, Battle off Samar and showing extremecapability of commanding South Pacific in World War II and promoting as one ofthe four Fleet Admirals warn during the World War II US Navy. EARLY LIFE 3. Admiral Halsey also knownas “Bill” or “Bull” Halsey was born on 30 October 1882 in his parents’ homeElizabeth, New Jersey, United States to a naval family.
U.S. Navy CaptainWilliam F.
Halsey Sr., his father was with a decorated social background and hewas an American lawyer, politician, diplomat, and federalist. Halsey, grownupwith father’s naval stories and decided to join with the United States NavalAcademy. Till he is being in the process of selection to Naval Academy, hejoined to the University of Virgina to study on medicine alone with his friendKarl Osterhause. Finally, he hasreceived the appointment and entered to the US Naval Academy in year 1900. 4.
In his academy period,Halsey was not good in academics. However he was able to perform in athleticsand number of clubs at the academy. He has won the Thompson Trophy Cup forhis excellence in athletics as a midshipmen and also he has shown his keeninterest in football as a half back player.
This can be highlighted, hisqualities of offensive and defensive attacks were brought up with his sports. 5. Halsey was an averagestudent in academics as well as military studies, showing average marks tomilitary subjects he was able to score high marks for subject such asHumanitarians. This emphasised that he was a man who may win the heart of hisfollowers since his early days. Finally, he graduated from the Naval Academyon 02 February 1904 by securing the place of 43 out of 62. Subsequently,Graduated young naval officer has been appointed to training with naval tacticsand to familiarise with the sea in aboard battleships and torpedo craft. MILITARY LIFE 6.
Young naval Officer hasbeen promoted to the rank of full lieutenant after completion of training.There are very few has taken up this opportunity and only for theadministrative purposes naval records states that, he was promoted to rank of juniorgrade to full lieutenant on same day. After completing the initial training andgaining experience from destroyers and torpedo boats, young Halsey has showedhis talents in World War II as a Lieutenant Commander while commanding to USSShaw and been commander of Atlantic Fleet’s Torpedo Flotilla in 1918. Furtherhe has earned the Naval Cross during this operations. 7. In October 1922, he hasbeen appointed as the naval attaché at the American Embassy in Berlin, Germany.Subsequently he performed duties Christiana, Norway; Copenhagen, Denmark; andStockholm, Sweden in the same appointment. Once completing the administrative appointmentHalsey assigned to the sea duties once again in to destroyers in Europeanwaters, where he commanded USS Dale and USS Osborne.
In year 1927,he served as an executive officer of the battleship USS Wyoming and commandthe USS Reina Mercedes, the station ship at the Naval Academy. Halseycontinued his destroyer duty on his next two-year period at sea, starting in1930 as Commander Destroyer Division Three of the Scouting Force. 8. After commanding numberof ships and completing sea appointments, he attended to Naval War College andthen learned to piloting of an aircraft in 1935, which changed the direction ofhis career. Halsey has been selected as a trainee for the Naval Aviator courserather than the simpler Naval Aviation Observer program.
Once he selected tosame he informed to his better half on his career development and futureambitions in a letter. Once she read the letter the fact that is going for pilottraining, she told her daughter, “What do you think that the old fool isdoing now? He’s learning to fly!” as a justification for above statement Halseystate that, “I thought it better to be able to fly the aircraft itself than tojust sit back and be at the mercy of the pilot.” Halsey earned his NavalAviator’s Wings on 15 May 1935, at the age of 52, by been the oldest NavalAviator in the history of the U.S.
Navy. 10. During his flying trainingthere is a special event to be noted that he won the training squadron emblemfor stupidity: the Flying Jackass, a large aluminium likeness of a donkey,awarded to anyone who broke a safety regulation. He warn it for two weeks untilanother student pilot won it away from him. However, he insisted on keepingthat particular badge with himself. When he took command of the Saratoga, hehang it on the bulkhead of his cabin. In his command career before take a decisiontowards a pilot for an infraction of rules, he was going to look at that FlyingJackass and think twice.
Such tales began the legend of Halsey, and the trueaviators got to love him. Further, Halsey considered airpower an important partof the future navy, commenting, “The naval officer in the next war hadbetter know his aviation, and good.” 11. He is been assigned to commandthe carrier USS Saratoga and then commanded the Naval Air Station at Pensacola,Florida, United States. He trained pilots who were destined to fill squadronsfor the modern carriers Enterprise and Yorktown. In year 1938, when the war hadalready broken out in Asia, Halsey was promoted to the rank of rear admiral andcommanded carrier divisions.
In year 1940 he was promoted to the rank of viceadmiral.