India is an agricultural country, . Now a days Farmers are using an excess amount of fertilizers, mono-cropping and other intensive agricultural practices that result in the destruction of farmlands, food production systems and increase of damage caused by pests and diseases. Excess fertilizer usage not only makes plant dependent on artificial fertilizers but also erodes the land quality, polluted ground water and in case of surface runoff, pollutes the nearby waterbodies. From this programme, the knowledge attained about the sustainability strategies, considering all relevant agronomic factors will help to increase both productivity and reduce ecological harm, to ensure profitability to the farmers of India.
India is the most populous country in the world. Population is increasing day by day and agricultural land is decreasing day by day which results in food insecurity. The sustainable strategies enable us to use resources like land, water, and energy efficiently to increase the food production, to feed the growing population.
Damage by pest and disease is very high due to climate change and mono-cropping system. Farmers are spraying pesticides in uncontrolled amounts which result in health problems, environment, and water pollution. With the help of the knowledge attained from this master’s programme, one can identify different pathogens and pests that are responsible for the damage and can evaluate their environmental and economic outcomes. It is possible to find solutions that are environmentally safe, socially acceptable, economically viable and meeting the requirements of sustainable cropping systems. Choose appropriate control measures for individual problems and combine them into integrated pest management systems.