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Inconclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly whichhave not air pollutant.

The other reasons are also competitive in cost andpower, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia shouldconsider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future. Finally, Indonesia have many prosperous fuelresources, including uranium.

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Related to the NPP development plan in Indonesia,communities doubt readiness of uranium as NPP fuel. Since 1972, BATAN hasconducted exploration activity of radioactive materials. This activity take aresult that Indonesia have potential uranium resources by the amount of about63 thousand tons uranium . So far, there are four location potetial that haveuranium for NPP fuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, WestKalimantan and Papua. Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’texploitation plan yet, but still in exploration research.

Thus, theavailability of abundance uranium in several location in Indonesia can makepeople realize that NPP can be utilize for generate electricity suistainable.Second, another reason why Indonesia shouldtake NPP is the power and cost of nuclear power is competitive and inclinedstable. Uranium as fuel of NPP able to generate electricity larger than fossilfuels. It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produce heat energy which isequivalent to the burning result of 4 ton coal fuels and 2 ton crude oil fuels.

This assumption can be convertion to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) only need 1 tonof typical enriched uranium fuel, it is as much as 160000 ton of coal fuel. NationalNuclear Energy  Agency (BATAN) has beencalculated the cost of electricity NPP based on economical feasibility. Thecost of electricity NPP will be around 4,8 cent$/kWh.

In short, NPP has largerpower and  lowest cost than fossilfuelled power. First, the reason of Indonesia need nuclearenergy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations. Benefitsof NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP havethe lowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produceair pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)and nitrogen oxide (NO). These harmful gasses can cause health effect andpremature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually thatoperating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2.

Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s governmentto reduce CO2 releases into the atmosphIndonesia has plenty of energy resources. PowerPlant in Indonesia is depend on fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas which willbe exhausted and gives contribute to the greenhouse effect 1. According toNational Long-Term Development Plan 2005 – 2025 stated that nuclear energy willbe utilized as power plant in Indonesia. Nuclear power plant (NPP) is expectedto contribute 17% from energy mix in 2025 2. However, nuclear reactorconstruction plan in Indonesia faces obstacles. It because not many people knowabout important reasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build NuclearPower Plant for a variety of reasons: environmental considerations, competitiveand availability of abundant fuel. First, the reason of Indonesia need nuclearenergy to replace using fossil resources is environmental considerations.

Benefitsof NPP in environmental aspect are clean and environmental friendly 3. NPP havethe lowest environmental impact. During normal operation, NPP do not produceair pollution which contain carbon dioxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2)and nitrogen oxide (NO).

These harmful gasses can cause health effect andpremature death 4. The current NPP in the world has been studied annually thatoperating NPP can prevent the emission of more than 2 billion tons of CO2.Thus, the nuclear power plants can achieve the target of Indonesia’s governmentto reduce CO2 releases into the atmosphere which cause globalwarming and effect of climate change.Second, another reason why Indonesia shouldtake NPP is the power and cost of nuclear power is competitive and inclinedstable. Uranium as fuel of NPP able to generate electricity larger than fossilfuels. It can be assumed that 1 gram uranium can produce heat energy which isequivalent to the burning result of 4 ton coal fuels and 2 ton crude oil fuels.

This assumption can be convertion to kWh, 1 billion kWh (1 GWh) only need 1 tonof typical enriched uranium fuel, it is as much as 160000 ton of coal fuel. NationalNuclear Energy  Agency (BATAN) has beencalculated the cost of electricity NPP based on economical feasibility. Thecost of electricity NPP will be around 4,8 cent$/kWh. In short, NPP has largerpower and  lowest cost than fossilfuelled power. Finally, Indonesia have many prosperous fuelresources, including uranium.

Related to the NPP development plan in Indonesia,communities doubt readiness of uranium as NPP fuel. Since 1972, BATAN hasconducted exploration activity of radioactive materials. This activity take aresult that Indonesia have potential uranium resources by the amount of about63 thousand tons uranium .

So far, there are four location potetial that haveuranium for NPP fuel; in Mamuju, West Sulawesi; Bangka Belitung; Kalan, WestKalimantan and Papua. Nowadays, utilization of uranium in Indonesia isn’texploitation plan yet, but still in exploration research. Thus, theavailability of abundance uranium in several location in Indonesia can makepeople realize that NPP can be utilize for generate electricity suistainable.Inconclusion, Indonesia may have several reasons to build Nuclear Power Plant.For many of them, the main reason is related to environmental friendly whichhave not air pollutant.

The other reasons are also competitive in cost andpower, and many fuels of uranium potential in Indonesia. So, Indonesia shouldconsider these reasons for construction NPP plan in the future. ere which cause globalwarming and effect of climate change.Indonesia has plenty of energy resources. PowerPlant in Indonesia is depend on fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas which willbe exhausted and gives contribute to the greenhouse effect 1. According toNational Long-Term Development Plan 2005 – 2025 stated that nuclear energy willbe utilized as power plant in Indonesia. Nuclear power plant (NPP) is expectedto contribute 17% from energy mix in 2025 2. However, nuclear reactorconstruction plan in Indonesia faces obstacles.

It because not many people knowabout important reasons of NPP for the Country. Indonesia need to build NuclearPower Plant for a variety of reasons: environmental considerations, competitiveand availability of abundant fuel.

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