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In Pakistan, perception of upper
class towards lower class is extremely negative. This is the biggest issue now
a day in Pakistan that the people who belong to upper class never ever talk to
lower class people. According to Javed
Jabbar,
a social and media Expert (2002), the upper-class people are sometimes called
as the ‘bourgeoisie’. In Pakistan, every class has a different style according
to which they live. In Pakistan, the society is divided into two main sections
that include upper-class and lower-class. There is a huge difference between
them in Pakistan. So, the people of diverse classes totally live inversely. If
we see in our country, the life style of upper class is very extravagant. It is
common in Pakistan that upper-class people use expensive cars and they live in
cottages. They all are very brand conscious.

Recently, a research was conducted
by Ayesha Jalal (2015), the rich people
of Pakistan has adopted western life style. They have inherited almost
the whole thing from west whether it is nourishment, language, dresses or
education. The people of upper class feel very proud to be stylish and they
force their children to follow western style.

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In a country like Pakistan, social structure and the interaction
of human beings socially is largely impacted through amount of money, resources
and the social standing of an individual. Albeit a country like Pakistan which
has a very narrow percentage of elites yet it is witnessed that a socially
strong or a person who has more power or money has a different eye towards the
one with limited resources. This can be considered as classism as the subject
oppresses the object with negativity because of the resources the individual
possesses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Objective/Purpose

 

The purpose of this report is to
highlight the perspective, opinion and thinking of the general public that what
they think about the perception of upper class towards lower class. Lower class
has remained under immense stress and scornful statements have been released by
upper-class people of Pakistan. What are the main
reasons behind this negative perception? What factors are involved? What should
be done further to minimize it?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Literature Review

Each one of us needs a “naya”
Pakistan. Many people want to see it like Dubai that means an ideal blend of west
and east whereas some people demand it to look like Singapore. But unluckily,
when it comes about worrying the difference between poor and rich then there is
a submissive inferiority. According to the survey (2015), the total utilization
of richest people in Pakistan is 18 million that is 1.5 times more than the poorest 72 million individuals. There are different magnitudes of
inequality i.e. gender, race and income etc.

In Pakistan, the various appearances
of dissimilarities that include wages, resources, the services of public, they
all stay unaddressed. In the world, the quantity of out of school kids in
Pakistan is ranked in 2nd position. As said by Alif Ailaan (2014),
the children among the ages of 5 and 16 who are out of school are 25 million.
In the society, when the inequality extremely increased then it would hurt most
of us.

Social researchers say inequality:

·        
Unethical Politics

·        
Delays Economic Development

·        
Coals Crime

·        
Smothers Social Movement

·        
Frustrates Potential

In any society, when discrimination
occurs the most then it creates numerous issues especially for oppressed
individuals. In Pakistan, segregation has turned into a crime that mostly
originates from this so-called class contrast. There are two extremes with
which people are living in Pakistan; so therefore, it has become exceptionally
hard to eradicate this class difference. This difference is creating hatred in
their hearts.

There are
so many people who do not even consider the poor as human beings. According to Waqas a Khan, a scholar (2016), upper class thinks themselves better
than any other individual. They carry on with oppressed class
humiliatingly. This sickening conduct of the rich creates sense of hatred in
the hearts of poor people and extends the gap between these two classes.

Even our
politician leaders or any person from government departments give favor to
upper class and act them in a very friendly way but as soon as they meet a
person from lower class, they take a reverse gear and behave superior to them
and treat them in insufferable manner. The upper class in Pakistan additionally has the privilege to do whatever
they need and they don’t pay any regard to the rule that everyone must follow. According to Dr. Akhtar Hameed Khan
(2016), upper class imagine that money is the greatest power and it is in their
fingers, so they can do whatever they want to do and can close the mouth of
authorities with their cash.

In Pakistan, education system is the
great reason for immoral behavior of upper class towards lower class as the
kids of rich family’s study at private schools and kids of lower class families
cannot afford these private schools. So, in other to compensate, poor kids go
to the government schools where the education system has turned out to be
totally obsolete. A precise message has been delivered by the passport office
(2014), those who can afford and has money can resolve their issues within
minutes. But, those who do not have a single penny cannot do anything and they
need to wait in line. The elite mindset will constantly
need the upper class and the underprivileged will always keep on groveling in
their shadows.

“Which
social class is the more likely provenance of unethical behavior, the upper
class or the lower class? Examining how social class is associated with
unethical behavior, or actions that harm others and are illegal or morally
objectionable to one’s community (1), would shed light on
behaviors such as cheating, deception, or breaking the law that have important
consequences for society. On the one hand, lower-class individuals live in
environments defined by fewer resources, greater threat, and more uncertainty (2, 3). It stands to reason,
therefore, that lower-class individuals may be more motivated to behave
unethically to increase their resources or overcome their disadvantage.
(Richard E, 2012)”.

 

These lines of Richard
indicate the moral and immoral issues of the class system in any society. Every
society is built upon some moral rules and regulations on the contrary same
society contains some immoral practices too. These immoral practices always
lead a society into massive destructions. This massive destruction caused
because of the upper class, they think that on the basis of money they are
superior to the moral obligations. In Pakistani context the same practices are
going on, where elite class breaks all the social and governmental laws on the
root of their wealth. Pakistani society is facing these ill practices every
day. Due to abuse of power Pakistani elite crush the lower and middle class of
Pakistani society. In Pakistani context the upper class also misuses the law
for their luxury. In Pakistani situation one major reason to follow these rules
is limited resources. On the other hand the lower class is morally bound to
follow these rules and regulation. To overcome these moral obligations the
lower class always tries to jump in the upper class. The major reason behind
this jumping is to bypass the moral and governmental laws. For the lust of
power sometimes Pakistani lower class also chooses the wrong paths to achieve
the uncountable wealth and resources. This reasoning of lower class also
justifies their inferiority complex again the upper class. Due to this quest of
power both classes cross their limits. Because of this cross limitations
society goes under immense pressure and catastrophic situation. This lust also
gives birth to crime rate on high level in the society. This high level
criminality also misbalances the societies.

“The
country in which, we living (Pakistan) is divided into different classes.
Plenty of people of Pakistan are living below poverty line because of their
limited resources. Although they work very hard but they earn very small
because mostly of them are laborer. They earn in daily bases and are hand to
mouth. Most of them are living in backward areas and uneducated. That is the
basic reasons of that class. But they want the better future of their children
(Muhammad U, 2011).”

 

In this article the
writer Muhammad Usman highlights the class system of Pakistani society. In this
article the author particularly spotted on lower class of Pakistan and their
source of income. Usman highlighted that most of the Pakistani population is
labor class and their source of income based upon daily wages. These daily
wages just fulfill their basic needs like food and water sometimes. As matter
of fact Pakistani is third world country and it provides low wages to its labor
due to its pure capitalist economic system. Due to low income the labor class
cannot fulfill their all desires and maintain a luxurious life like western
labors. In western countries labors are paid on per hour work but unfortunately
in Pakistan labor are paid on per day work. In this way the labor class wastes
their all time and energy after one work in whole day.

Secondly he identified
that most of the lower class of Pakistan lives in urban areas which are least
facilitated and under developed areas. Due to living in backwards areas
Pakistani labour does not have any other sources to generate the money to
stable their economy. In contrast the population which is living in cities has
better opportunities for their growth economy. This urban and rural division
also paved a way for the class distinctions in Pakistani society. Most of the
Pakistani elite live in urban an area that’s why they have better chances to
increase their wealth. To increase their wealth they hired cheap labour from
the rural areas to exploit them on low wages.

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