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In Tesco there are
different laws and legislation to protect the information of the
customers and employees. The set of law limit the possibility of
dangerous use of business information.
The legal problems that
affect businesses are safe guided by the laws and policies written
for the customers and employees.

Data protection Act
1998
The data protection act
gives the businesses the opportunity to have control of the personal
information used by the business and governments according to the
law. Different company stores use information of different people who
are responsible of using data need to follow the rules of the data
protection principles. They need to be sure that these specific
information are used fairly and lawfully, used for purpose, data
accurate and updated and kept for a limited time.
Tesco also need to unsure
that the customer personal information are protected and secured with
software like multiple firewalls. The data protection act protect
people who can be identified by their information and data shared.
These information can be bank details, home address, bills, health
and others personal details. Also the information used for a club
card registration and application forms, these information must be
put securely on a database and cannot be published. But these
information can be used by Tesco for marketing research like taking
part in survey. Freedom information act 2000 create a public right to
access to information by public authorises. Tesco hold some
information accessed by the customer. Like for a fee of £10.00 they
can see what type of history and incidents happened in store. They
have to provide these information when is requested and keep them
updated regularly in order to be accurate.

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Tesco have guilty for
cyber-attack that made the loss of lot of customer private
information which around 2000 accounts were targeted. The business
have been under Investigation because of the problem in security.

Freedom of Information
Act 2000

The freedom of information
make sure to delivery for disclosed information held by customer
authority bodies. The act gives the customer the authority to request
and access information that is held by the business. The act does
have some exemption for examples, whether the cost of request for
information exceeds the appropriate amount, or if the provider
believes the withholding information will serve public interest; for
instance a sexual offender may want record of criminal activity for
job policies.

Tesco comply with the act
by letting the customer to access information that is held about
them, and Tesco give customers the opportunity to write the Data
protection officer, legal and affairs department. There is a fee of
£10.00 this necessary in order for the individual to access their
information.

The computer Misuse Act
1990
The computer Misuse Act is
a law that stop certain actions from using a computer. The act
imposes criminality such as hacking computer, misusing software or
helping someone to access into protected files on computer devices.
There are 3 categories of infringement:

Illegal access to
computer material
Illegal access of
computer material with the intention to commit other offense
Illegal modification
of computer material

The act unsure that these
type of crime are legally punished. There can be from 6 months to 5
years prison sentence. Tesco organisational policies deportment
mentions employee’s actions obedience with the law.

Human right act 1998
The human right act is law
that rules people, which mean you can defend you right in the UK
courts and the public organisation like police, local council, and
government need be equal for everyone, with fairness, dignity and
respect.
Privacy act 1974
The privacy act was made
in answer to concerns about how electronic data can impact person’s
rights. The act protects by making business’s records on an
individual. Then it is required government agencies to follow the
specific values named ‘far information practice when meeting
personal data.

Ethical issues
concerning business
Tesco have to consider the
code of practice that exists in the organisation is moral principal
in relation to acceptable and unacceptable behaviour by business?
Email – Tesco send 100
of business related email a day. Employees may think their email are
private, but the company system monitor them. When the employees use
the company email, they are representing the Tesco Company and they
cannot use inappropriate use of language because it will reflect
negatively on the company. Because of it the email can be used only
as a remainder to deliver and sent important information.

Do’s:

Memo for short and to
the point

Remainder to pass
important information of meeting and dates

Give information to a
large group of people

Don’ts:

Send or attach large
piece of information

Save information or
long time use
Spam or use to
cyberbully

Internet – Tesco has a
code of practise relating to internet usage. Employee have specific
instruction for what they can use and cannot use on the internet. The
business is going to set guidelines that an employee have to follow
and if they do not follow it they can be fired.

Whistle blowing – The
word ‘whistle blower’ come from an employee raising concerns
internally in a business about wrongly conducted practices, usually
about big concerns about fraud, and other criminal activities that
may put risk towards employees, customers and shareholders. Tesco
provide a dedicated hotline that is confidential and anonymous and
deals with concerns regarding fake activities including accounting
and auditing actions by employees or company.
Organisational policies –
Tesco have organisational policies designed to influence and
determined all large actions and decision and the business takes, as
well ensuring that their business practices are more ethical for the
use and management of business information.

Information ownership –
In business the ownership of information is regarded by Tesco has
highly important. Any information created by an individual then you
are the owner of the information and it is your duty to protect and
safeguard the work.    

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