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Rock Street, San Francisco

  In this letter, John Downe corresponded with
his wife disclosing life in America. Downe’s motivation for sending this letter
was to let his wife know that America is what they say it is and that she
should gain contact with the Parish so that the kids and her can go to the
United States. In doing so, Downe uses a vivacious and buoyant tone to create
an intimate emotional appeal and an anaphora to help put emphasis and convey
his message.

Throughout the letter Downe’s utilizes pathos in order
to persuade his wife to come to the United States.  In the beginning he starts off saying “My dear
wife” and then in line 36 he says “My dear Sukey” to plead with his wife that
it will get better if you and the children come. He makes the argument intimate.
From line 13 to 20 he is overwhelmed by the courtesy and prices in the United
States. His vivacious and buoyant tone allows for his wife to be optimistic, that
this could possibly work. He focuses on the copiousness harvest and cheap supply
of food in contrast to poverish England where he knows his family is struggling
to enhance his argument. He then goes to express his love for his family by
saying “My dear Sukey, all that I want now is to see you, and the dear children
here, and then I shall be happy, and not before.” This shows that Downe wants
to reunite and live a prosperous life with his family in the United States
making his wife more inclined to listen.

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In lines 5 to 29 Downe excessively uses the word “and”
which shows his excitement through the use of an anaphora. In example, “A
Farmer took me one day in his wagon in his wagon into the county, from Hudson,
to see a factory, and I dined with him, and he would not have a farthing, and
told me I was welcome to come to his house at any time; they had on the table
pudding, pyes, and fruit of all kind that was season, and preserves, pickles,
vegetables, meat, and everything that a person could wish, and the servants set
down at the same table with their masters.” The anaphora emphasizes the abundance
of food and servings. The reader can clearly identify that Downe is eager because
this wasn’t a usual in England. The anaphora serves the purpose to persuade his
wife that there is a plentiful supply and “everything a person could wish for.”

Their faith is strained by transatlantic pressures. He
refutes the potential reservations that his wife may be thinking about. He
tells her that “You will find a few inconveniences in crossing the Atlantic,
but it will not be long, and when that is over, all is over, for I know that
you will like America.”, which meant that even though problems could possibly
arise it is going to be worth it in the long term. He then goes on to say “America
is not like England, for here no man thinks himself your superior.” This
allowed for his wife to gain some reassurance. That even though you may
experience difficulties on your journey it won’t be like England where you have
to submit to a superior. Downe finally goes on to say “There is much attention
paid to dress as at any of the watering places in England. Out in the country where
I have been you see the young women with their veils and parasols, at the
lowest I saw. Poverty is unknown her. You see no beggars.” Again, this shows
the reassurance and fortitude tone he is expressing to his wife. It may not be
strictly that “poverty is unknown”, but this however allows for his wife to
gain some relief and easement.

 

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