In the past yearsthe humanitarian relief system has responded to thousands of natural disastersand complex emergencies and they have helped hundreds of people around theworld, due to this the humanitarian needs are predicted to rise. In the past decade there has been an increasein the regularity and severity of natural disasters, rapid population,urbanization, rising food prices and other global trends, this increase shouldbe reduced by the economic growth of countries that are most likely to beaffected by these disasters, making it easier for them to prepare adequately andreduce their vulnerability to the impact of sudden shocks.In 2005, acoordination mechanism known as cluster approach was implemented by the UnitedNations, it was as an attempt to increase coordination between humanitarian actorsand improve consistency of humanitarian response. However, there were manychallenges associated with this approach. Humanitarianneeds were constantly growing, while funding was not keeping pace with thatgrowth. The Kosovo crisisof 1999 has led the Spanish government to pay much closer attention tohumanitarian assistance. Despite increased funding, Spanish NGOs (Non-GovernmentOrganization) remain relatively weak compared with those of other Europeancountries. Many rely on government funding and crisis-specific privatedonations, this makes Spain vulnerable in times of need.
Spain demonstrates abilityfor a humanitarian response, and an increasing presence in UN military forces.In 1999, Spain’s voluntary contribution to UNHCR was $3.15m, making it the sixteenth-largestdonor, and to the WFP $1.68m, the nineteenth-largest contribution.
Spain promotesthe strengthening of disaster preparedness activities at all levels, inparticular in hazard-prone areas. Spainencourages the United Nations and other relevant humanitarian and developmentactors to increase funding and cooperation for disaster risk reductionactivities, including disaster preparedness. There is also a dire need to provide dedicated financial contributionsto preparedness, response and recovery efforts in a harmonized, flexible andcomplementary manner. Taking part inhumanitarian missions is actually quite expensive for budgets of many countriesbut we cannot stay away from the world crises if we are able to help. Latelythe number of humanitarian problems is rising and we need to find a new way ofsolving them. We need to make new principles of humanitarian donation.
We thinkthat we need not only to react on the humanitarian crises but try to preventtheir appearance and to control safety in the world. As such Spain is ready tomake our humanitarian assistance and coordination system more effective.