In order to keep the progress of theeconomy of a certain nation, fellow countrymen should invest in activities thathelp in developing it such as mining.
Mining contributes great to the economyof a nation just like in Australia, they’veproduced wealth and employments to their people (Bishop et al., 2012). But on the otherway around, Philippines has a very poor record in terms of mining because ofthe environmental issues caused by the failure of keeping the toxic waste thataffects the biodiversity and brought them consequences (Doyleet al., 2006).Biodiversity is one of the most essentialcomponents that distinguish every life form in earth.
All living things arevaried and different from each other and almost all of these will be affectedin case mining will not be operated properly. The process of mining in thePhilippines is so reckless, and as a result, environmental impacts occur suchas land disturbance, water pollution, and endangered lots of species (Ingelson, Holden, & Bravante, 2009).The aquatic life will be slowly devastatedas the level of total dissolved solids continue to get higher as studied inCentral Appalachian streams mainly because of coal mining (Bodkin et al., 2007, Pond et al., 2008).This type of mining isdigging up to several feet thick underground. Coal is a fossil fuel thatcreated through the remains of plants hundreds of million years ago.
Its majoruse is electricity. According to Booth (2009), these outcrops were used almost two thousand yearsago in Roman Britain to provide heat in the British winter weather.According to the journal of Klemow, Mining has had a huge impact on aquatic ecosystems ofnortheastern Pennsylvania. This made the aquatic habitat unhealthy. It has been distinguished that coral reefsare endangered being subjected as liable to various regular, man-made stresses(Glynn1996; Hughes et al.
2003; Hoegh-Guldberg et al. 2007; Reigl, 2009).Reefs are in critical state; an expected 30% are as of now extremely harmed,and near 60% might be lost by 2030. Coral reefs are essential for the economyof tropical countries for it serves as one of their trades (Hugheset al.
, 2003). Thus, this decline ofreefs shouldn’t happen. Soevidently, coral reefs are at risk and will probably gone when the man-madedevastations continue. Thestudy of West& Salm (2003) focused on thepreservation of coral reefs and identified what is the greatest threat to thecoral reefs and suggests that the major cause of coral reefs decline is climatechange, as a result of the massivescale of the 1997–1998 El Niño and with the stressor that is the coralbleaching which causes the temperature continue to rise.
According to Richmond (2015), direct humandisturbance is on the great factor affecting the decreased of coral reefs. Dueto the failure of processing the man-made activities well, coastal reefs are atrisk. Coal mining will definitely destroy the coral reefs because itaccelerates the climate and it made the oceans as dumps for CO2 pollution which causes the reefsdifficult to grow.Based on the researches, the main stressorof the coral reefs that leads them to decrease its number is the anthropogenicdisturbances. The man-made activities. The chemicals that has been distributedto different bodies of water and the change of climate.
Awareness of these destruction can come up tocreating solutions to help protect the coral reefs such as the strict policiesof mining industry.