In order to keep the progress of the
economy of a certain nation, fellow countrymen should invest in activities that
help in developing it such as mining. Mining contributes great to the economy
of a nation just like in Australia, they’ve
produced wealth and employments to their people (Bishop et al., 2012). But on the other
way around, Philippines has a very poor record in terms of mining because of
the environmental issues caused by the failure of keeping the toxic waste that
affects the biodiversity and brought them consequences (Doyle
et al., 2006).
Biodiversity is one of the most essential
components that distinguish every life form in earth. All living things are
varied and different from each other and almost all of these will be affected
in case mining will not be operated properly. The process of mining in the
Philippines is so reckless, and as a result, environmental impacts occur such
as land disturbance, water pollution, and endangered lots of species (Ingelson, Holden, & Bravante, 2009).
The aquatic life will be slowly devastated
as the level of total dissolved solids continue to get higher as studied in
Central Appalachian streams mainly because of coal mining (Bodkin et al., 2007, Pond et al., 2008).
This type of mining is
digging up to several feet thick underground. Coal is a fossil fuel that
created through the remains of plants hundreds of million years ago. Its major
use is electricity. According to Booth (2009), these outcrops were used almost two thousand years
ago in Roman Britain to provide heat in the British winter weather.
According to the journal of Klemow, Mining has had a huge impact on aquatic ecosystems of
northeastern Pennsylvania. This made the aquatic habitat unhealthy. It has been distinguished that coral reefs
are endangered being subjected as liable to various regular, man-made stresses
1996; Hughes et al. 2003; Hoegh-Guldberg et al. 2007; Reigl, 2009).
Reefs are in critical state; an expected 30% are as of now extremely harmed,
and near 60% might be lost by 2030. Coral reefs are essential for the economy
of tropical countries for it serves as one of their trades (Hughes
et al., 2003). Thus, this decline of
reefs shouldn’t happen. So
evidently, coral reefs are at risk and will probably gone when the man-made
study of West
& Salm (2003) focused on the
preservation of coral reefs and identified what is the greatest threat to the
coral reefs and suggests that the major cause of coral reefs decline is climate
change, as a result of the massive
scale of the 1997–1998 El Niño and with the stressor that is the coral
bleaching which causes the temperature continue to rise. According to Richmond (2015), direct human
disturbance is on the great factor affecting the decreased of coral reefs. Due
to the failure of processing the man-made activities well, coastal reefs are at
risk. Coal mining will definitely destroy the coral reefs because it
accelerates the climate and it made the oceans as dumps for CO2 pollution which causes the reefs
difficult to grow.
Based on the researches, the main stressor
of the coral reefs that leads them to decrease its number is the anthropogenic
disturbances. The man-made activities. The chemicals that has been distributed
to different bodies of water and the change of climate. Awareness of these destruction can come up to
creating solutions to help protect the coral reefs such as the strict policies
of mining industry.