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Important personsThe most important persons connected to the Louisiana purchase were The USA’s president back then Thomas Jefferson and France’s first consul Napolèon Bonaparte. The Louisiana purchase was mainly a deal between USA and France , the deal was that The US bought French Louisiana for 50 million franc, which is about 11 250 000 dollars (USD).Napolèon Bonaparte was a French military officer who rose through the chaos of the chaos of the French revolution to become the emperor of france. Napolèon is remembered for his leadership of France in the Napoleonic wars. He was a very powerful person in Europe in the start of the 19th century, and he was leading french armies to conquer most of the continent. Napoleon hoped to build a new French North american empire, he sent a large army to quell a slave revolt in saint dominique, which was a French caribbean sugar colony. The slaves defeated the french army and Napoleon abandoned his plans on making a new French empire and sold his mainland territory of Louisiana to the United states.On April 20. 1814, Napolèon bonaparte had been the ruler  of france for a long period of twenty years. In 1812 he made decisions on invading russia, he reached moscow, but found that the russians had burned the city down and could not support the french hungry army. So Napoleon had to begin a long retreat. On march 30. 1814 , Paris was captured by the allies and Napoleon lost lots of support and had a bad time. On april 20. 1814, he said farewell to his last remaining faithful members of the old guard, in a famous speech.The speech : “Soldiers of my Old Guard: I bid you farewell. For twenty years I have constantly accompanied you on the road to honor and glory. In these latter times, as in the days of our prosperity, you have invariably been models of courage and fidelity. With men such as you our cause could not be lost; but the war would have been interminable; it would have been civil war, and that would have entailed deeper misfortunes on France. I have sacrificed all of my interests to those of the country. I go, but you, my friends, will continue to serve France. Her happiness was my only thought. It will still be the object of my wishes. Do not regret my fate; if I have consented to survive, it is to serve your glory. I intend to write the history of the great achievements we have performed together. Adieu, my friends. Would I could press you all to my heart.”Napoleon Bonaparte – April 20, 1814Napoleon was sent to exile two times, first on the island Elba on the coast of italy. He escaped back to france and gained support from the old guard again, he thought of the position of emperor. A 100 days later he was defeated by the combined russian and english armies in the battle of Waterloo, June 18,1815. Then he was again sent to exile on the island of st.Helena on the coast of Africa. Napoleon died alone on the Island abandoned by everyone on May 5, 1821. His body was taken back to france and buried in Paris in 1840.Thomas Jefferson organized the Louisiana Purchase, almost doubling the country’s territory. As a result of peace negotiations with France, his administration reduced military forces. He commissioned the corps of discovery expedition which was led by american explorer Meriwether Lewis and William Clark which was a military man. William Clark was joining his friend Meriwether Lewis on a journey to explore new land on the way to the pacific. Meriwether and Clark was on a mission to explore the territory acquired in the Louisiana purchase. Their expedition lasted from 1804-1806. It was said to have been one of the most successful journeys in American History. The american gold rush in the period 1803-1860 is mainly about the California gold rush. The Gold rush started in 1848, when James Wilson Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill, which was a sawmill owned by 19th-century pioneer John Sutter. James W. Marshall was an american carpenter and sawmill operator, he was the man who found and reported the finding of gold in 1848.Other people  associated with the gold rush was Leland Stanford, he was an entrepreneur and politician. He lived with his wife Jane, founder of Stanford University. He moved to California in 1852. Leland made a small fortune by opening a general store to supply miners. In 1860, he put most of his earnings into  a stake in the Central Pacific Railroad (C.P.R.R. co founders). He joined fellow Gold Rush merchants Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker, to form “The big four”.Other important people are Samuel Brennan, He made a fortune selling supplies to miners and he became california’s first millionaire. Levi strauss was a bavarian immigrant. During the California Gold Rush, went into business as a dry goods wholesaler on San Francisco’s Market Street. He made trousers for miners.Mark twain was the pen name for Samuel Langhorne Clemens. he was a famous  American writer, humorist, and political critic who is best known today for his novels “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” and “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer”. Many consider him to be the greatest writer in American history. Strong Gold Rush influences can be found in many of his works.

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