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Imagine being stranded on an island with a kid who has the urge to hunt and not do anything about being rescued, but another kid wants to be rescued and barely ever thinks about the idea of surviving. Throughout the book Ralph tells everyone that they need to build a fire in order to be rescued, however, Jack thinks that they need to hunt for food. Every bit of innocence in the boys was lost once they separated into different groups. The conch shell plays a big role for the boys, or at least some of them. In order to survive one would need rules to follow. An individual would need to take control. Rivalries between certain people will grow dramatically, potentially causing a conflict between the individuals. A fire not only keeps one warm, but it helps to signal any planes or ships passing by. Ralph thinks that being rescued is one of the most important things for all of them. However,  Jack has his mind set on hunting and providing food for everybody, while Ralph has his mind set on the signal fire. For example, one day Ralph and Piggy spotted a ship passing by the island, but they also see that the signal fire was no longer going. They ran to the top of the hill to start the fire again, but it was too late. Ralph is infuriated with Jack because it was the hunters job to maintain the fire. Jack has been too obsessed with hunting for pigs, so he forgot about keeping the fire running. In order to survive one would need food, Jack knows this but he does not see how important it is to keep the fire going so that they could be rescued. At this point, there has been a separation between the boys, some have turned to savages while others stay civil. When the boys separate entirely up into two completely different groups, all innocence is lost. Well not necessarily, there was a loss of innocence near chapter 8. Simon finds a place of beauty and serenity. Later on in the novel he returns back to that peaceful place to find a sow’s bloody head sitting on a stake. Jack thinks that if they give the beast the head of a sow it would give them peace. The sow’s bloody head has given an unsettled feeling to the paradise that existed before. The boys loss of innocence was never given to them, it was the evil inside of them that has always existed.The conch shell is a symbol of civilization and order. If one were to be holding the shell, they had the power to talk. At the beginning of the story, Ralph uses the conch shell to call a meeting by blowing into it, causing it to make a loud noise. The shell is soon to be the reason that Ralph is chosen as chief. All of the boys agree on a rule that relates to the shell, whoever is in possession of the shell, he shall talk while others listen. However, late in the novel when Jack and a few other boys turn into savages, they may no longer agree to the rules. Rules can only be powerful if one agrees to them. In chapter 5, Ralph decides not to blow the conch because he’s afraid that the boys will not come back and the power of the shell will disintegrate. Once the conch shell was broken the network of society was gone, just like the shell. Meaning that all of the civilization on the island was lost. Ralph no longer has the authority to make rules.  Overall, the essential burden is the conflict between the two different groups of kids, those that stay civilized and those who turn to savages. Since the fire is the boys only connection to civilization, they obviously need it to be running. Also the loss of innocence in the boys shows how the evil inside of them has taken over. Lastly, the conch shell symbolizes the civilization and order in the novel, it holds all of the power. Civilization and savagery are two very different things, however no matter how one thinks they will always have a little bit of savagery inside of them, no matter how civilized they are.

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