Idea of conservatism first emerged in the lateeighteenth century and early nineteenth century. Conservative arose as reactionagainst growing pace of economic and political change, which was symbolized bythe French revolution. in resistance of liberalism, socialism and nationalism,conservatism stood in defence increasingly embattled traditional social order.In Europe conservatism emerged as starkly autocratic and reactionary, rejectingout of hand any idea of reform.
In UK a more cautions, flexible and moresuccessful form of conservatism developed and USA conservatism wascharacterized as belief in ‘change in order to conserve’. In nineteenth centurythis stance enabled conservatives to embrace the cause of social reform underthe banner of “One Nation”. Which later asa result of the emergence of the New Right. Now there are also Few Elements ofConservatism as Following: Traditions, Pragmatism, Human Imperfections,Organicism, hierarchy, Authority and Property which are the main theme ofconservatism.Central theme of conservative “the desire toconserve” is closely linked to traditions and respect for customs. Traditionsreflect the wisdom of past and have been tested by time and its should benefitsthe next generations and traditions also promote stability and security andgive people sense of social belonging, conservative have traditionallyemphasized the limitations of human rationality. The world in which we live isvery complex and abstract principles and system of thoughts are thereforedistrusted, and faith is placed in experience history and above all”pragmatism”. Actions are shaped by circumstance and practical goals and thusconservatives describe this as “Attitude of mind” or an “approach to life”.
TheConservative view of human nature is broadly pessimistic. In their view humanare weak and always searching for security and they want to live in stablecommunities. Human are also selfish and greedy and have thirst to power so itis human who tend to corrupt not society. Therefore, there are strict laws.Conservatives see society traditionally as living entity. Society is thereforestructured by natural necessity with various institutions contributing to thestability of society.
In conservative context gradations of social positionsand status are natural and they represent different responsibilities insociety. And for some degree, conservative believe that authority is always”from Above” for example parent authority over child because people have lessknowledge and they are unable to act wisely. Conservative also see propertyownership as being vital because its give people security and measure of independentgovernment and it also encourage them to respect the law and property of other.So according to all these themes conservatism is more related to traditions andhistorical value along with some particle examples.