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I read that Nikola
Tesla was born and raised in the Austrian Empire. He was a Serbian American
inventor and engineer. Tesla’s father, Milutin Tesla was an Eastern Orthodox
priest. His mother, Duka didn’t get a formal education. Tesla was the fourth
child out of five. He had three sisters and an older brother.  His older brother, Dane was killed in a horse
riding accident when Tesla was five.  He
was very intelligent and was put into advanced classes such as engineering and
physics.  After he graduated high school
he moved back to Smiljan. He came down with cholera and was sick for nine
months.  He was near death multiple times.  Tesla’s father was sad that he didn’t join
the priesthood and instead studied science. 
When he moved to Budapest, Hungary to work at a telegraph company he
realized that the company was under construction and was not functioning.  He moved to the United States and became a
citizen and started working for a short time for Edison Machinery Company. Later
he went on to work for himself.  Tesla started
working on an arc lighting system and it may have been the same one that he had
gotten from Edison. 

            Tesla invented alternating current, the remote control,
the tesla coil, violet ray, induction motor, three-phase electric power, neon
lamp, wireless telegraphy, tesla valve and the vacuum variable capacitor.  Tesla made an induction motor that ran on an
alternating current. It was a power system that quickly expanded throughout
Europe and the Unites States because of its high voltage transmission. That
motor was patented in May of 1888, and it was self-starting and did not need a
commutator.  I also read that Tesla
worked with Peck and Brown and the started working and testing the motor to
make sure it was functional. Another invention that I read about was the Tesla
Coil.  The Tesla Coil transforms energy
into extremely high-voltage charges, making powerful electrical fields that are
capable of producing huge electrical arcs.  Tesla coils had very useful applications in
wireless radio technology.  A Tesla coil
is made of two parts, a primary coil and a secondary coil, each with its own
capacitor. The two coils are connected by a spark gap, and the whole system is
powered by a high-energy source and transformer. I also read about the radio
remote control. Tesla used a boat that had a coherer radio control, he showed
it to the public and they thought it was genius. When Tesla tried to sell it to
the U.S. military as a radio controlled torpedo they didn’t think it was very
useful and showed very little interest. Later in the 1890s Tesla tried many
things to make a transmission of electrical power without wires. It had is
coils to transfer the power and he tried wireless lighting. I read that during
the time that Tesla was trying out his different ideas there was no possible way
to transmit signals to long distances.

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            Later Tesla started working on and trying to develop the
idea that he would be able to conduct electricity through the earth or the
atmosphere and long distances, and so he began working again on ways to prove
his theory.  Later on I read that one day
Tesla had been receiving signals that he thought were coming from another
planet, so he contacted a reporter and they said that he was receiving signals
from the planet Mars. I read that Tesla got awarded a Noble Prize in Physics
along with Thomas Edison. I found out that he was the one who built the first
hydroelectric plant at Niagara Falls and proved to the world that that kind of
power was a practical energy source. He also was experimenting with cryogenic
engineering about half a century before it was invented.

            Tesla had patents from over a hundred years ago that were
used for the development of the transistor. The transistor is what makes it
possible to refresh pages on the internet and to be able to download items. Tesla
had received 700 patents. Since Telsa was the first person to record radio
waves from space, he was known as the father of radio astronomy. I also read
that Tesla discovered the resonant frequency of the earth. It was not confirmed
until 50 years later when they had the technology to prove it.

            Another fact that I found out the Tesla did was produce a
ball of lightning in his laboratory. A ball of lightning is when lightning is
in the form of a sphere and it hovers a couple feet above the ground.

            I read about how smart Tesla was, he spoke eight
languages, Serbian, English, Czech, German, French, Hungarian, Italian, and
Latin. He could memorize books and recite them, he could also think and
visualize ideas and then build them without drawing or writing anything down.
Tesla lived to be 86, he decided not to date because he knew that it would
interfere with his work. Even though He was super smart and had developed al of
his new inventions he was not rich and famous at the tie. Tesla said that when
he was truly happy was when he was in his lab. He died on January 7, 1943 alone
and broke in a New York hotel. I later read into things that most people wouldn’t
know about Nikola Tesla. I read that he was born during a lightning storm, and
his mother said that he will be a child of light.

            Later on I read that Tesla almost created and earthquake
in Manhattan. While he was using his oscillator from his lab it set off
vibrations that started to shake buildings nearby and even the ground. Tesla
came to the conclusion that he was in danger of creating an earthquake so he
destroyed the device with a sledgehammer. The show Mythbusters tried to
recreate the machine now called Tesla’s Earthquake Machine, and they could feel
vibrations from hundreds of feet away.

            There is a famous photo of Tesla sitting in a room
surrounded by lightning bolts and it was used for publicity to make his
projects and inventions known to all. Some people from that photo thought that
he a magician.  The photo has Tesla
sitting in a chair in his laboratory and there is a machine producing lightning
bolts to a receiver.  There are other
photos of him holding to lightning spheres in his hand, those are the spheres
that no other scientist have yet to create but Tesla was able to.

            I found that Tesla tried to make the earth light all the
time. He believed that there was a a certain gas in the earth’s atmosphere that
was able to carry high electric currents, therefore creating it light all the
time. He said that it would make airports safer and it would light cities. This
theory never worked. I also read that Tesla and another inventor Guglielmo
Marconi were in a race to see who could be the first one to send messages
across the Atlantic Ocean. Tesla started funding where most of it was coming
from his financier J.P. Morgan, so that he could build a station on Long Island
with a 186 foot tower. That station was called the Wardenclyffe. Marconi beat
Tesla by sending the letter “s” across the Atlantic Ocean with less equipment.
Tesla’s financier, J.P. Morgan was not interested in his project anymore since
he lost.

            Wardenclyffe was not being used anymore since Tesla gave
up his hope for sending messages across the Atlantic Ocean. The building was
under campaign to make it into a museum and science education center. It’s not
open yet but people are allowed in for special events.

            I also read about Tesla’s physical appearance. He was 6
feet 2 inches. He was elegant and very stylish; he had good grooming and good
clothing. Tesla never had good sleeping habits, that most he slept in a night
was 2 hours. He admitted that every so often he would doze and he would be better
rested. He loved playing chess and cards so he would often spend more than 48
hours playing games. Other times he would spend more than 84 hours without rest
working in his laboratory.

            I read about Tesla’s beliefs. He did not believe that
atoms were composed of smaller particles and that there was no such thing that
an electron could create and electric charge.  He thought that if electrons existed they would
be a part of a fourth state of matter, or a sub atom that would only exist in a
vacuum. Tesla was raised and Orthodox Christian, but later in life he did not
believe in it, he thought it was nonsense. He said “Buddhism and Christianity
are the greatest religions both in number of disciples and in importance”.  He believed that the universe was a great
machine that never came into being and will never end. He thought the soul or
spirit is the sum of our bodies functioning, and when the body dies so does the
spirit.

            The last thing I read about was literary works. Tesla wrote
many books, and for magazines, articles, and journals. A couple books that he
wrote were My Inventions, The Autobiography og Nikola Tesla, and The Fantastic
Inventions of Nikola Tesla. All of his books were about his life and how his
work affected his life. He also had all of his inventions in his books, how he
made them and what they did. 

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