I believe the colonies of Virginia, RhodeIsland, and Pennsylvania were the settlements that made the most significantcontributions to North America.
In Virginia,the social and economic difficulties were lesser than in England. Tobaccofarming became the main source of wealth, and there was a need to clear moreland and not enough workers. Virginia’s leaders attracted colonists to work byoffering inexpensive land and promised “Rights of Englishmen” (supposedtraditional rights of citizens of England).Thisway Virginia facilitated an influx of outstanding workforce and assuredeconomic materialism.
Eventually prosperous planters dominated the social andpolitical life in the colony.In1634, this colony also became the first to have a free public school inAmerica.RhodeIsland was another influential colony. It was catalogued asa sanctuary for religious freedom and many groups settled here due to this. The colony was very advanced in terms ofautonomy and liberty for the time; it passed laws abolishing incarceration fordebt, eliminated witchcraftprosecutions, stopped most capital penalties and, in 1652, the slavery ofblacks and whites. Same as today for many immigrants that come to America, Rhode IslandColony was founded by those whowanted to escape the religious intolerance and political oppression in thefirst world. Pennsylvania’s colonial government was well organized and characterizedby democracy.
It consisted of an appointed Governor, a 72-member ProvincialCouncil, and a large General Assembly. The region comprised 5 counties, inaddition to the three lower counties on Delaware Bay. Pennsylvania was alsocelebrated by its religious freedom. The founders were Quakers, who were a group that believed that the presence of Godwas found within people rather than in churches, stressing the importance of adirect relationship with God at an individual level. Since they were pacifists,they also believed in the fair treatment of the native people.
Pennsylvania was also significant for hispublic school. The early settlers demonstrated that a church, oaths, andintricate dogmas weren’t needed to have a successful society and to thriveeconomically.