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(n.d.). Department of Homeland Security; Retrieved January 10, 2018, from

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(n.d.). Executive Order 13228: Establishing the
Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council; Retrieved January
09, 2018, from
























Executive orders can have a variety of
effects for our country, both good and bad. Executive order 13228 has had a
positive impact on America. Executive Order 13228, established the Office of
Homeland Security that is held responsible for ensuring the safety of the
United States from terrorist attacks and disasters. Although the attacks of
September 11th, played a role for the initiation of the Executive
Order, it has put in place organization that was previously not there in order to
detect vital intelligence for the importance of protecting the United States.
The Department of Homeland Security is still not perfect and often is criticized
due to its responses to significant events, but it has paved a way for future improvements
in preparations in order to deal with terrorism and disasters within the United
States. It has set fourth organization which was previously not there.

 Section 3 focuses on the functions and
national strategy. Specifically working with agencies, State and local
governments, and NGO’s detection for the detection, prevention, preparing and
protecting the United States and its citizens in the event of a terrorist
attack as well as the recovery process in the event of a terrorist threats or
attack within the United States. In addition, it outlines the detection and pin
points the importance of communications between all agencies to communicate
intelligence information pertaining to terrorist threats. This way it will
eliminate the event of an actual attack. Section three also outlines the
response and recovery which includes medical, financial aid to victims of
natural disasters and terrorist threats. It concentrates on the restoration of
facilities and removal of contaminants as a result of significant events. Other
focal points of section three include incident management which appoints the
Assistant to the President for Homeland Security as the primary individual for
coordinating the domestic response efforts of all departments and agencies in
the event of a terrorist attack as well as post attack. This also identifies
the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security as the principal point of
contact to the President. The continuity of government identifies the need for
the assistant to the President for Homeland Security and the assistant to the
President for National Security Affairs, to work hand in hand to review plans
and the preparation process for the continuity of government.  Lastly, section three covers public affairs
which will focus on the delivery of information to the public, as well as
response and precaution information. Section 4 and 5 state the administration
is directed by the assistant to the president for DHS and establishment of
Homeland Security Council, which is responsible for advising and assisting the
President with all aspects of homeland security.

Section 1 of Executive order 13228
details the responsibilities of the Office of Homeland Security which includes detection,
preparedness, prevention, protection against, response to, and recovery from
terrorist attacks within America. Section 2 focuses on the overall mission. The
mission focuses on the national strategy to protect the United States from
enemy threat and attacks.

The creation of
the Office of Homeland security under executive order 13228     was a positive change for America and
historically impacted our country. The DHS contains the departments of Justice;
Executive Office of Immigration Review, Defense; national defense and bio
weapons, Energy; environmental laboratory, Agriculture; animal and plant health,
Commerce; computer security, State; visa services, Transportation; TSA, Human
Services; medical response and preparedness and Treasury; FLETC and customs).
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the General Services Administration
are independent offices.

There are several historic events
in the United States history that resulted in the establishment of executive
orders. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, on United States soil
resulted in the creation of Executive Order 13228, which was signed by George
W. Bush. The attacks which took place on 9-11 highlighted several weaknesses
and vulnerabilities in America. It reflected on the fact that the United States
was not prepared in the initial response to these attacks. Executive Order
13228 ultimately established the Office of Homeland Security along with its
director who was appointed as the assistant to the president for homeland
security, as outlined in section 1. Under George W. Bush’s proposal, DHS would
organize and structure responses and involvement between all government
agencies on emergency responses. Since there was no organization and
communication problems with all responding agencies, this was something
important that had to be put in place.

executive orders have been issued by all the Presidents of the United States,
starting with George Washington’s first executive order on June 8, 1789. An executive order is issued by the President of the United
States, with the power from Congress and the Constitution. There are several things similar to
an executive order such as the president’s directive, memorandum and notice,
just to name a few. Generally what distinguishes a Presidents Executive Order
is the requirement for it to be published and circulated amongst the federal
register and Code of Regulations in order for it to have a legal effect. Executive
orders also don’t require congress approval which makes it a critical tool for
the President, since they can be used to set policy and in order to avoid

Executive Order 13228

10 Jan 2018

Professor Payne, Dr. Lawrence

HLS320, Trident University Experience

Ericka Mena









Module 3



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