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conclusion the chain of responsibility when dealing with a terrorist attack; whether
it involves an IED, bomb or other weapons, goes to state and local governments.
The federal government will provide assistance depending of the nature of the
incident and whether they have exhausted all recourses.

The federal government also responds to terrorist’s
attacks and further divides the efforts into crisis management
and consequence management. Like in the events of the World
Trade Center bombing in 1993 and the September 11th terrorists
attack, crisis management in short terms, means going after the criminals in
order to prevent additional terrorist acts from being carried out. Crisis management
is headed by The Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Consequence management involves the humanitarian side of the response,
including measures to protect public health and safety, restore essential
government services, and provide emergency relief to governments, businesses,
and individuals, during and after the attacks.. The lead agency for consequence
management is the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s job is notify
the president of the United States and the National Security Council to inform
them of their response and their involvement in the said incident. In addition,
the FBI consistently coordinates and disseminates all intelligence, information
to local law enforcement agencies in order to maintain situational awareness
and maintain successful interagency relationships and coordination. It is
important that the FBI provides intelligence information of terrorist and
criminal threats to local agencies in order to prevent future attacks and for
everyone to maintain situational awareness on all details as they come along. Good
communication amongst all responding agencies is crucial, especially before any
significant incident occurs. The exercise of delivering good information allows
for training and all agencies remaining vigilant while sharing information.

In an event
such as the bombing of several train/ subway stations within New York City, the
government officials will react and provide assistance with their available
recourses. With a significant terrorist attack, the Mayor has the option to seek
out to the Governor and State Government for assistance and continuous assistance
in the recovery of the incident.  In
addition, the Governor has the option to utilize the National Guard in order to
assist the community. The Governor may further seek assistance from the Federal Bureau of Investigation in order to obtain
federal assistance, especially after all available resources have been


There are several threats that are imposed
upon the United States which create serious concerns and threats to our everyday
life. Discontent and violent domestic and international individuals and groups
are more than willing to create mass casualties and further cause harm towards
the public and all responders. In the event of a terrorist attack, the first responders in
any emergency is city includes the fire department, emergency medical personnel
and police. Upon their arrival to the scene/
attack, their job is to assist those that are injured as a result of the
incident as well as rescue and identify the deceased. In addition, they secure
the scene if possible, suppress fires. They assume responsibility in restoring
the area and control the situation by all legal means. Local fireman, police
and EMS work hand in hand to assist the community as best as they can with all
available resources and with the assistance of state government officials.. 

this morning at rush hour in New York City, terrorists remotely exploded
several IEDs located in different stops in the subway system. Ten explosions
rocked through three commuter trains during the morning rush, at 0600, 5
January, 2018. Information by local authorities indicate the explosions were
caused by homemade bombs made from bags stuffed with explosives and metal
fragments. In addition, cell phones with timers were used to detonate these
explosive devices. The attack, which was carried out by violent Islamist
extremists, killed at least 100 people and leaving more seriously injured.  The chain of events initiated a quick
reaction by the local and state governments; including local law enforcement
(police), Emergency Management S and fire department in the response measures.  Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Federal
Bureau of investigation.  

Subway Attack

Jan 2018

Professor Payne, Dr. Lawrence

HLS320, Trident University

Ericka Mena









Module 3










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