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Teenage pregnancy can affect the progression of education and why has teenage
pregnancy decreased.




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Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenager or underage girl becoming
pregnant. The term connotes that the girl has not yet reached legal adulthood
before conceiving. A teenage girl may become pregnant because of various
reasons or situations but all teenage pregnancies are a result of sexual activities
either voluntary or not. One of the most traumatic and devastating effects of
teenage pregnancy is making it difficult for the girl to continue with her
education. Drop-out rates, repeaters, poor scoring and unable to gain
qualifications are the educational consequences of teenage pregnancy.


This paper proposes to explore how teenage pregnancy affects academic
progression and understand the reasons behind the decrease in teenage
pregnancy.  As a student, pregnant
teenagers are expected to meet a minimum rate of academic progress. Academic
progress implies achieving 50% of the credit points for the subjects that they
are enrolled over the duration of the course. Progression status is based on
course status, multiple fails and assessment guide.



Research Questions


The key questions that will be answered in this study is – how teenage
pregnancy affects the academic development? And why has teenage pregnancy

Other research questions are:


1) How teenagers view the effects of their pregnancy and their


2) Does being pregnant contribute/support or limit the desire to finish


3) How teenage pregnancy changes the studying patterns of the teenager?


4) In what specific ways does teenage pregnancy affect the academic
performance of the teenager?


5) To what extent does teenage pregnancy affect the academic achievement
of the teenager?



Research Aim and Objectives


The main aim of this study is to evaluate how teenage pregnancy affects
the academic progression of the teenagers. As well as this the following
research questions will be addressed:


· Determine the changes in academic performance, achievement and
progressions of the teenagers when becoming pregnant


· Determine the perceptions, attitudes and beliefs of the pregnant
teenagers about their education





I would tend to think that pregnant teenagers lose the drive to continue
and finish their education but this may not be the case. This study will use
the principal ways of conducting exploratory research, which include:
literature search; consulting the experts about the subject and conducting a survey.


My research will operate within the cross-sectional design, as I will be
collecting data on more than one case, using structured questionnaires and
documents. The benefit of this would be that Ì would be able to focus on the
breadth and depth of the research. Moreover, by exploring the breadth of the
topic, I am increasing my validity and the truthfulness of my research, and
thereby minimize the confounding variables.


Data gathered using these instruments will be collated for analysis.
Data analysis will primarily be characterized by statistical approach. The
following statistical formula will be used in the quantitative analysis.


The primary sampling technique to be used will be quantitate research.
The researcher will survey pregnant teenagers aged 14-19 and they must be
attending school regularly during their first six months of pregnancy. The
surveys for the teenagers will be included with in the pregnancy packs that are
given out during their first antenatal. The number of surveys to be handed out
would average on being 100. Another survey will be handed to the school to
identify the students’ attendance and progression during their pregnancy.





There has been a decline in the numbers of teenage who are pregnant from
2008 – The rate of under 18 conceptions in England has fallen by 13 per cent from
the 1998 base line to 2008. (Frances, 2010)

Risk factors from the 1999 report include more coherence with parents
and schools and expectations for the future would influence the future outcomes.


Evidence of how things were heading:

Many years ago, Nobel prize winner economist
George Akerlof claimed that easier access to contraception could increase
sexual activity leading to more pregnancies. Due to spending cuts the rate of
teenage pregnancy has decreased.

One factor could be an increase in improvements
in education. Increasing aspiration making early pregnancy less attractive.

‘Another, more speculative, explanation is
the rise of “generation sensible” (possibly abetted by the growth of social
media and lower childhood exposure to lead in petrol). Many countries,
including the US, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand, have seen decreases in
teenage pregnancy similar to the UK. Teenagers in these countries now smoke and
drink less, take fewer drugs, and are less likely to commit crimes. Sex may be another
risky activity they are turning away from. (David Paton, 2017)’


Conception leading to abortion
in under 16 was 63% in 2014, the highest percentage out of all age groups. The
lowest percentage was in the 30 to 34 brackets at 13% in 2014.


Teenage conception is widely
understood to be associated with poor educational achievement, social
isolation, poverty as well as poor physical and mental health.

Socio economic disadvantages
can be a cause and consequence of teenage pregnancy.


School policy on it:

Under section 17 of the
Equality Act 2010 it is unlawful for Higher Education Institute to discriminate
against any student who is pregnant or has currently given birth, protection
from discrimination on the grounds of pregnancy and maternity. This act is
already in place in the work place but now has been implemented in schools to
protect students whom are pregnant or have given birth. (2010, 2010)






Teenage pregnancies are at
their lowest since 1960 this could be due to a shift in aspirations as women
tend to lean more towards education. It could also be due to the stigma
surrounding young mothers, the perception that pregnancy and parenting at a
young age affects their strength and day to day coping. The shift in women
having babies 40 and older could be linked to the increase in house prices and
the want for more stability financially before starting a family.


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