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HowTeenage pregnancy can affect the progression of education and why has teenagepregnancy decreased.  Introduction Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenager or underage girl becomingpregnant. The term connotes that the girl has not yet reached legal adulthoodbefore conceiving. A teenage girl may become pregnant because of variousreasons or situations but all teenage pregnancies are a result of sexual activitieseither voluntary or not.

One of the most traumatic and devastating effects ofteenage pregnancy is making it difficult for the girl to continue with hereducation. Drop-out rates, repeaters, poor scoring and unable to gainqualifications are the educational consequences of teenage pregnancy. This paper proposes to explore how teenage pregnancy affects academicprogression and understand the reasons behind the decrease in teenagepregnancy.

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 As a student, pregnantteenagers are expected to meet a minimum rate of academic progress. Academicprogress implies achieving 50% of the credit points for the subjects that theyare enrolled over the duration of the course. Progression status is based oncourse status, multiple fails and assessment guide.

  Research Questions The key questions that will be answered in this study is – how teenagepregnancy affects the academic development? And why has teenage pregnancydecreased?Other research questions are: 1) How teenagers view the effects of their pregnancy and theireducation? 2) Does being pregnant contribute/support or limit the desire to finishschooling? 3) How teenage pregnancy changes the studying patterns of the teenager? 4) In what specific ways does teenage pregnancy affect the academicperformance of the teenager? 5) To what extent does teenage pregnancy affect the academic achievementof the teenager?  Research Aim and Objectives The main aim of this study is to evaluate how teenage pregnancy affectsthe academic progression of the teenagers. As well as this the followingresearch questions will be addressed: · Determine the changes in academic performance, achievement andprogressions of the teenagers when becoming pregnant · Determine the perceptions, attitudes and beliefs of the pregnantteenagers about their education  Method I would tend to think that pregnant teenagers lose the drive to continueand finish their education but this may not be the case. This study will usethe principal ways of conducting exploratory research, which include:literature search; consulting the experts about the subject and conducting a survey. My research will operate within the cross-sectional design, as I will becollecting data on more than one case, using structured questionnaires anddocuments. The benefit of this would be that Ì would be able to focus on thebreadth and depth of the research.

Moreover, by exploring the breadth of thetopic, I am increasing my validity and the truthfulness of my research, andthereby minimize the confounding variables. Data gathered using these instruments will be collated for analysis.Data analysis will primarily be characterized by statistical approach. Thefollowing statistical formula will be used in the quantitative analysis. The primary sampling technique to be used will be quantitate research.

The researcher will survey pregnant teenagers aged 14-19 and they must beattending school regularly during their first six months of pregnancy. Thesurveys for the teenagers will be included with in the pregnancy packs that aregiven out during their first antenatal. The number of surveys to be handed outwould average on being 100. Another survey will be handed to the school toidentify the students’ attendance and progression during their pregnancy.

  Research There has been a decline in the numbers of teenage who are pregnant from2008 – The rate of under 18 conceptions in England has fallen by 13 per cent fromthe 1998 base line to 2008. (Frances, 2010)Risk factors from the 1999 report include more coherence with parentsand schools and expectations for the future would influence the future outcomes. Evidence of how things were heading:Many years ago, Nobel prize winner economistGeorge Akerlof claimed that easier access to contraception could increasesexual activity leading to more pregnancies. Due to spending cuts the rate ofteenage pregnancy has decreased. One factor could be an increase in improvementsin education. Increasing aspiration making early pregnancy less attractive.’Another, more speculative, explanation isthe rise of “generation sensible” (possibly abetted by the growth of socialmedia and lower childhood exposure to lead in petrol).

Many countries,including the US, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand, have seen decreases inteenage pregnancy similar to the UK. Teenagers in these countries now smoke anddrink less, take fewer drugs, and are less likely to commit crimes. Sex may be anotherrisky activity they are turning away from. (David Paton, 2017)’ Conception leading to abortionin under 16 was 63% in 2014, the highest percentage out of all age groups.

Thelowest percentage was in the 30 to 34 brackets at 13% in 2014. Teenage conception is widelyunderstood to be associated with poor educational achievement, socialisolation, poverty as well as poor physical and mental health.Socio economic disadvantagescan be a cause and consequence of teenage pregnancy. School policy on it:Under section 17 of theEquality Act 2010 it is unlawful for Higher Education Institute to discriminateagainst any student who is pregnant or has currently given birth, protectionfrom discrimination on the grounds of pregnancy and maternity. This act isalready in place in the work place but now has been implemented in schools toprotect students whom are pregnant or have given birth. (2010, 2010)   Conclusion Teenage pregnancies are attheir lowest since 1960 this could be due to a shift in aspirations as womentend to lean more towards education.

It could also be due to the stigmasurrounding young mothers, the perception that pregnancy and parenting at ayoung age affects their strength and day to day coping. The shift in womenhaving babies 40 and older could be linked to the increase in house prices andthe want for more stability financially before starting a family. 

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