Site Loader

Going back to July 1952, when the EuropeanCoal and Steel community was created)ECSC (,the members were Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxemburg and the Netherlandthey aimed to shape the steel and coal and to freely enter the productionsources 1,but some argues that the essentially it was created to softness the German –French hostility and create a new economic unity, which leads eventually in1957 to Treaty of Rome.2In 1955, EEC) European Economic Community (and theEuropean Atomic Energy Community) EURATOM) was created,even though the EURATOM has its own legal body it contains the same members ofthe EU, and remain under the EU institution.3The Ultimate goal target was still notachieved, and after the oil crisis in 1973 and 1981, a serious concern wasraised about how to strengthen the energy sector of the EU and more and moreconcerns about the scarcity of the oil prices and how to minimize the dependencyon others in energy imports.4The main target thought not to be achieved,many reasons may have played a role in this, the Member states were consideringthe energy as a sovereignty of the own states and the were not willing to givethis up, and of course the differences in the domestic markets and external supplywere also way variables between the member state.5It is till the 1980s, when a noticeablechange was observed, no obvious reason lay behind, but rather some random clarification,that the monopoly system has lost its purpose and wasn’t necessary anymore, theidea of competitive markets started to make sense especially after it was successfullyexperiences in UK and USA.

6The First step on European Energy Policywas in 1995 which what was named the Commission’s Green Paper.The Green Paper set the main criteria ofthe European Energy Policy which are Sustainability, Competitiveness and Securityof Supply 7,this paper was such like a momentum to the creation of the energy internalmarket. EM.The Directives 96/92/EC 8inwhich a common rule for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity,giving the definite advantages to competition and free trade, in align withsimilar Directive 98/30/EC9 ingas sector. The Member state went through a five yearof negotiations, conciliations and disagreements till it was finally enforcedin February 1997 and the member states were give two years to reflect itsprovision into their national laws (only Belgium, Greece and Ireland were givenmore time due to some technical challenges).10Since common rules were not sufficient tocreate a single European market, second package of Directives 2003/54/EC 11 ,and 2003/55/EC12were introduces but this time along with regulations 1228/200313and 1775/2008141 Understanding the GlobalEnergy Crisis 2 The EU Energy Law and PolicyPage 15 Pargraph 13 Understanding the Global EnergyCrisis4 The EU Energy Law and PolicyPage 15 Pargraph 15 The EU Energy Law and PolicyPage 17 Pargraph 26 6 The EU Energy Law and Policy7 Green Paper European Strategyfor Sustainable, competitive and secure energy – Brussel 08.03.20068 Directive 96/92/EC of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council 1996 set the rule for internal market ofelectricity 9 Directive 98/30/EC of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council 1996 set the rule for internal market ofgas10 Official Journal of theEuropean Union L 027,199711 Directive 2003/54/EC of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council 2003 set the rule for internal market ofelectricity repealing Directive 96/92/EC 12 Directive 2003/55/EC of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council 2003 set the rule for internal market ofelectricity repealing Directive 98/30/EC 13Regulation 1228/2003 of the EuropeanParliament and of the Council 2003 set the condition for access to the networkfor cross border exchange in electricity14 Regulation 1775/2005 of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council 2005 set the condition for access to thenatural gas transmission network  

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Dora!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out