Globalwarming is always a “hot issue” for all time. This is a common subject thatdraws great attention of scientists, researchers and ecologists. According toMrs. Ishita Haldar , a teacher in a public school in a residential colony (Vikaspuri, New Delhi, India), and also the author of the book “Global warming:the causes and consequences” written in 2011, defined ” global warming is theincrease in the average temperature of earth’s near surface air and oceans”.She also wrote ” in the 20th century, global surface temperature increased,0.74 ± 0.
18ºC( 1.33 ± 0.32ºF)” and “in the future (during 21th century) theglobal surface temperature is likely to rise from 1.1 to 6.
4ºC( 2.0 to 11.5ºF)”.In the article “Climate change: managing the global greenhouse”, Kenneth alsoindicated clearly that global warming was a dangerous phenomenon for human andcreatures on the earth because it caused many serious consequences for naturalecosystems, agriculture and people settlements,…especially still no one hasfound the solution to stop it. Thus, the research paper, based on secondarydata, will discuss the causes, effects, and solutions to mitigate globalwarming in the world.Asreported by Stephanie Pappas – the author of newspaper “what is globalwarming?” the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was risingsignificantly at 406.5 parts per million in 2017. It is the highest level inabout 6500000 years ago.
According to Amanda, the author of the article “globalwarming 101” (2016), indicated that carbon dioxide is one of the main reasonscaused global warming. However, it is also an essential part of life from dailyactivities to production (Wryheat2, 2016). It can see that the quantity ofcarbon dioxide emission from fossil fuel burning to power plants is dischargedinto the atmosphere is very large (Derek Markham, 2009). In the United States, the factories produced about two billiontons of carbon dioxide every year because of burning fossil fuels to makeelectricity (Amada, 2016). Moreover, with growth population at an alarming ratenow, the demand for consumption and use of vehicles also augment, which willincrease the use of fossil fuels for transportation and manufacturing (Derek,2009). Indeed, amount of carbon dioxide emission from transportations is thesecond- largest source in America, accounting for 1.7 billion tons a year(Amanda, 2016).
Nevertheless,in the article “causes of global warming”, World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF)indicates that there are some additional reasons for global warming namelydeforestation and farming. This organization also illustrates that forests havean important role in regulating owing to they absorb carbon dioxide from theatmosphere and provide people with oxygen, so global warming can be controlledby forests. However, the rate of deforestation is tending to increase on the recent, for example the number of forestin Brazil is decreasing clearly with just over 40,000 km2 per year in 2013 to2014 and just under 20,000 in 2010 to 2011 ( Tugay Kest, 2015). This willcontribute to increase rapidly climate temperature on the earth and lead toglobal warming (World Wild Future For Fund). In addition, agriculture alsocontributes to global warming (Kenneth J. Pakenham, 1998). Following by DerekMarkham, the author of the newspaper “global warming effects and causes: a top10 list” (2009), indicated that the usage of chemical fertilizers on croplandsis rising dramatically, which will lead to effects on the heat storage ofcrop-land. Besides, livestock is also a reason for global warming because itoften produces a large of methane in the atmosphere, particular in Australia,the number of methane, which was manufactured on the farm, was a bigcontributor to global warming (WWF).
In the newspaper “global warming 101″(March 11, 2016), Amanda MacMillan indicated that global warming brings aboutmany unexpected consequences for human, weather, and nature. Firstly, globalwarming has many effects on human health. It is the main reason for somediseases such as allergies, asthma, and infectious diseases (Amanda). She alsoadded “these diseases will become more common due to higher levels of airpollution, the spread of conditions favorable to pathogens and mosquitoes ifglobal warming still continues”. When referring to the effects of globalwarming, Rinkesh, the author of a newspaper “serious effects of globalwarming”, also mentioned a situation that the United State America is spending60 billion dollars to fight with respiratory diseases and symptoms.
Inaddition, Rinkesh also showed that a large number of carbon dioxide in theatmosphere made breathable air become harder to come by. Research stated thatthere was a large number of people die each year from global warming,accounting for just over 150000 people.Moreover, global warming also affectssignificantly the change of weather. It linked to extreme weather such asdroughts, heavier rainfall, and more powerful hurricanes (Amanda MacMillan,2016). Amanda gave information about this problem to prove that it was real,for example, in 2015, scientists signified that a drought in California whichis the worst water shortage in 1200 years, and in 2016, the National Academiesof Science, Engineering, Medicine announced “it is now possible to confidentlyattribute certain weather events, like some heat waves, directly to climatechange”. As informed by Derek Markham in the article “global warming effectsand causes: a top 10 list”, the scientists gave important evidences so thatglobal warming will rise the intensity of the most extreme storms worldwide.Global warming also made the sea levels rise, Aishwariya Ravi revealed that therising of temperature surface causes the melting ice from Greenland andAntarctica. This will be capable of rising the sea level to over 20 feet by2100 (Aishwariya Ravi, 2017).
Finally, global warming also changes naturalenvironment. It can make imbalance in ecosystems by the disappearance of rareanimal. As reported by Derek, 2009, the scientists predicted that in 2050, theglobal warming can lead to the extinction of more than a million species. Inaddition, wildfire is occurred frequently by global warming, which will add anumber of carbon dioxide in the air (Rinkesh, n.d). Therefore , it will bringmany bad consequences for human and animals such as the less oxygen, the lackof habitats (Rikesh, n.
d).It is noticeable that global warming hasbad influence on human and nature. This is really a remarkable problems for humanand creatures on the Earth. Therefore, the many scientists, ecologists havebegun research on this issue and find the ways to mitigate global warming. First of all, people need to make good “threeR’s campaign” which including “reduce, reuse, and recycle’ (Rinkesh, 2009). The first R- “Reduce” is diminishingthe amount of garbage generated through lifestyle change, consumer, andmanufacture (Alyssa Martino, July 2008). As Alyssa defined that the second R (reuse)means “something old is new again”.
Therefore people can reuse bottles, plasticbags, and the other things into the different purposes instead of throw themaway (Rinkesh, 2009). This will not only reduce the amount of wastes but alsodecrease the great amount of carbon dioxide in the environment (Rachel Steffan,2005). The final R (recycle) means that the change of thing in shape or size,but still remain the original material, which will help people save rawmaterials and costs in production.
Additionally, peopleshould plant many trees to prevent the development of global warming (Rinkesh, 2009). It can see clearly that the plantsnot only release oxygen for human but also take in the carbon dioxide duringthe photosynthesis process (Rinkesh, 2009). Thus, it can mitigate globalwarming (Rachel Steffan, 2005). Besides, the government also should ban everyonefrom cutting down the trees because forests play an important role in the life.As reported by Rachel Steffan in a newspaper “top ways to stop global warming”(2005), deforestation, especially in rain forests contributed a large amount ofrising global warming.
Last but not least, oneof the most important ways for preventing global warming is that reducingfossil fuel used in the environment (Rachel Steffan, 2005).people can stopglobal warming by two ways: use less energy, or use alternative sources such as:solar energy, wind energy (Rachel Steffan, 2005). This will decrease the greatamount of gas emissions in the air. In addition, using public transport is alsoa way to reduce global warming because it decreases carbon dioxide emissionfrom other transportations (Amanda MacMillan, 2016).This research aims todemonstrate the causes, effects, and solutions of global warming.
It isnoticeable that global warming is caused by nature and human activities.Moreover it also greatly affects both human and creatures. If this problem isnot resolved immediately, it will cause many more serious consequences. Therefore,the scientists and ecologists have begun to study and have found the ways tosolve this problem, for example people can practice “three R’s campaign”, usingalternative energy sources, or plant more trees.
By these methods, the earth inthe future will be better than one’s in the past.