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Future of business in 10
years with rapidly evolving technologies, climate change and depleting natural
resources

 

I.         
Background

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1.           
Globally, technologies of
Industrial Revolution and climate change
are changing the way human live and work. It is impacting all disciplines,
economies and industries, including how, what, why and where individuals
produce and deliver products and services. These technologies are obliging
companies to rethink and retool everything they do internally, and governments
to reassess their regulatory advantages and development strategies.

 

2.           
Within the broader technology
landscape, various technologies are transforming businesses and unleashing a
new wave of competition amongst businesses and countries. Innovative advances
in the internet of things are artificial intelligence, robotics, and 3D printing.
Technology is expected to disrupt most traditional industries in the next 5-10
years. Some recent examples which shows how technology has impacted businesses
are:

Ø  Uber brand is merely a software service. They don’t own any cars
and are now one of the biggest taxi company in the world

Ø  Airbnb is now the biggest hotel company in the world, although
they don’t own any properties.  

                                                                                             

II.           
Expected
Impact on business with evolving Technology in next 10 years

 

3.           
The future impact on certain business sectors
may be seen below:

 

      i.       
Artificial
Intelligence: Currently in USA, young lawyers are losing
jobs. Because of IBM Watson Company, one can get a legal advice within seconds,
with a higher accuracy than humans. There will be lesser human lawyers in the
future, only domain experts will remain. 
Watson already helps nurses diagnosing cancer, four times more accurate
than human nurses. The social media company Facebook has introduced pattern
recognition software that can recognize faces better than humans. Therefore, computers
are likely to become more intelligent than humans in future.

    ii.       
Automobile
Industry: In 2018, the first self-driving cars will appear for the
public. Within few years, one may not want to purchase a car anymore.
Individuals shall call a car with phone which will show up at the pick-up
location and drive to the ultimate destination. There will be no need of
parking spots and money shall only be paid for the driven distance. This way,
individuals can be productive while driving. Therefore, the concept of driving license
and owing a car is going to be eradicated within the next few years. This is
likely to change the way cities function in terms of mobility. The former
parking spaces can be converted into parks. Nearly 1.3
million people die in
road crashes each year, on average 3,287 deaths a day1.
Autonomous driving shall reduce the road accidents and has the potential to
save a million lives each year. Most car companies will probably become
bankrupt. Traditional car companies try the evolutionary approach and just
build a better car, while tech companies (Tesla, Apple, Google) will do the
revolutionary approach and build a computer on wheels.

   iii.       
Insurance: Insurance
is likely to become cheaper with the reduction of number of accidents due to
automation. There is a high probability that the car insurance business model
may disappear.

   iv.       
Real
Estate: Real estate will change. The reason is simple enough.
If an individual can work while commuting, the demand for location-specific accommodation
can vary as people may prefer to live in outskirts of the city.

    v.       
Health:  These days, the smart phones can monitor your
walking steps, the sleep levels. The day is not far where the internal medical
tests like blood pressure, blood test will be done by a smart phone to recognize
a potential disease. This will lead to world class medical services at no cost.
The business of medical establishment is going to crash.

                                                                                             

III.          
Expected
Impact on business with Climate change and depleting natural resources in next
10 years

 

4.           
There is a clear signal to the world that climate change risk will lead
to a scary future. In some parts of the world, the climate change has already
begun in daily life for e.g. the recent snow storm in North America in January
2018 has caused widespread unrest and destroyed infrastructure of various
cities. While in other parts, there is a future warning for tougher times, for
instance, the severe melting of Antarctic ice under future global warming
is likely to adversely impact the world in terms of population, business and
weather. Certain developed economies have already started amending their
business models in terms of climate change.

 

5.           
70-80% of jobs are likely to disappear in the
next 10 years. There will be a lot of new jobs, but it is not clear if there
will be enough new jobs in such a small time. From
farmers to fisherman, supply chain management to builders, all sectors are
likely to result in layoffs or redundancy in the next ten years with the climate change. The indigenous peoples living in rural
areas are going to bear the brunt of climate change

 

6.           
In terms of
agricultural demand, the income growth in emerging market economies has
impacted the food consumption habits i.e., there is a transition towards higher
consumption of processed meat and fruits in comparison to cereals, thereby
adding further burden on natural resources. Though technological advances have resulted
in efficient resource use and improved food safety. In spite of this, there are
mounting pressures on natural resources which can jeopardize the sustainability
of food systems. The competition and dependence on natural resources shall
increase with the increased demand for agriculture which shall lead to increased
greenhouse gas emissions, and further deforestation and land degradation. In
next 10-15 years there is also a possibility of an agricultural robot. Farmers can
then become managers of their field instead of working all day on their fields.

 

7.           
The climatic
variation can also include decrease in rainfall, disasters, crop failures,
natural hazards and forest fires. Each sector of the economy shall be severely
impacted as the food and water supplies get destructed. The number of jobs
which shall be created will of those individuals who can get involved in
disaster related management. Advanced solutions needs to be introduced for
smart cities and smart farming in rural areas which will cut our dependence on
fossil fuels.  

 

8.           
Lately, the global focus is diverted to solar
energy worldwide in comparison to fossil. If the emerging market economies are
able to set and achieve solar installation targets, cheaper electricity shall
be available. The world has abundant water but there is scarcity of drinking
water. Desalination of salt water requires cost-effective electricity, which,
in turn, is achievable through solar energy. If the cheaper electricity is
available, individuals may have as clean water as he wants, for nearly no
cost.  

 

IV.         
Conclusion

 

9.           
There is a
dire need for innovative solutions for energizing a sustainable tomorrow. There is a challenging task ahead for Chief Executives and Chief
Operating Officers who embrace advanced technologies and address climate change
to rapidly transform their enterprises in order to achieve success. Capacity
building and skill development initiatives are needed for both public sector
and private sector employees to deal with the changing technologies, climate
change with an innovative approach to save natural resources.

1
Source: Road Crash Statistics, 2017

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