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Flamboyant, mischievous, undeniable skills
of artistry, and a key factor of the surrealism
movement. He was born May 11th, 1904 in Figueres
Catalonia, Spain. He enrolled in different art
schools, where he experimented with different
types of art styles. He later travelled and made
connections with other artists which, in turn,
sparked his interest in the psychoanalytic
methods of surrealism. Salvador Dali lived with
his mother, father, brother, and sister. They
were a middle-class family in the small town of
Figueres just outside of Barcelona. His mother
was very supportive of his artistic abilities
and encouraged it. His father was a lawyer and
notary who also supported his artistry. He took
his first drawing class at the age of 10. His older
brother died of gastroenteritis when Dali was
little. When Dali was 16, he lost his mother to
breast cancer. He described this as “the greatest
blow I had experienced in my life.” His father,
who still encouraged his artistic abilities,
hosted a solo exhibition in their home of his
charcoal drawings when he was 19. He later was
enrolled into the Madrid School of Fine Arts,
where he experimented with art styles such
as impressionism and pointillism. In 1922, Dali
enrolled in the Special Painting, Sculpture, and
Engraving School of San Fernando in Madrid.
This is when he discovered and embraced his flamboyant and eccentric persona. He dressed in
the style of English aesthetes of the 19th century.
Artistically, he dabbled with many of the different
art styles and continued to progress his artistic
skills. He made a lot of connections due to his
interest and involvement in a small group of
artists whom which included filmmaker and Luis
Bunuel and poet Federico Garcia Lorca. The scene
exposed Dali to many different styles and some
of the greatest minds of the time such as Einstein
and Stravinsky. He was later expelled from the San
Fernando art school after he insulted his professor
during his final examination before graduation.
After his days at San Fernando were over, Dali took
an enlightening trip to Paris where he met the
famous cubist artist Pablo Picasso. This spawned
his interests in what the Cubists were doing and
this later moved onto an interest in the Futurists
attempts to recreate motion and show objects
from all angels. After that, he began his study of the
psychoanalytic concepts of Freud, which created
the surrealist methods he is famous for. His first
painting that showed these concepts of a different
reality, beautiful landscapes, and symbolic imagery
was his piece “Apparatus and Hand” (1927). With his
new art style, he conjured the unrealistic paintings
of a dream-like state and pushed the idea that
life is the greatest form of art. His persistence to
mine out his inner thoughts to the core created
the passion and purity of his surrealist imagery
and spawned the free-flowing ways of surrealism
to its fullest. His groundbreaking legacy will live
forever, unforgotten, he was born an artist and died
a legend.  

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