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    FarhinDelawala – 60887087PYC4812– Sport Psychology Assignment 01UniqueNumber: 605848  Table of Contents Applied Sport Psychology 3 Discussion 3 References………………………….…………………………………………………………4  Applied Sport PsychologyColeman Griffith isbelieved to have pioneered the application of psychology within sports whereemphasis was placed on movement, behaviour and presentation (Portenga, Aoyagi, Balague, Cohen, & Harmison, 2018).

  Applied sport psychology may be defined asrecognition and comprehension of psychological generalisations and methods relevantto sport and exercise, to intensify actions and advancements of athletes and physicallyactive members by educating those who play a direct and indirect role towardsthe contestants (Williams & Krane, 2015). This is directedtowards professional assistance within the related field and attention islargely placed on preparation, teamwork, communication abilities, in hand with neighbouringfactors, determining a positive outcome. It highlights aspectsof cognition, emotion, enjoyment and motivation etc. including diagnoses andprevention of barriers between triumph and failure surrounding the domain (Portenga, Aoyagi, Balague, Cohen, & Harmison, 2018).  Differenttypes of sports psychology issues have been reported such as anxiety,low-elf-esteem, depression and substance abuse etc.

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A range of sportspsychology issues are given by the examination authority to delineate anddefine them employing existing literature. To address the demands of one the following concerns ? doping andsports, psychopathology in competitive athletes, or chocking under pressure ? Ihave selected   ‘doping and sports’ forelaboration as it is very a common practice being used by athletes in themodern sporting world.  Dopingand SportsDoping involves the usage of aforeign substance in an abnormal quantity with the motive of impacting theoutcome of performance.  This may be donethrough gene doping (injecting the muscle to increase its muscle mass), blooddoping (increase in the density of erythrocytes to improve endurance) or drugdoping, by making use of injections or pills. Studies suggest that doping hasbecome widespread in popular sports founding its way into less recognised ones. Doping is used to enhance performance,supply the increased amounts of nutrients that the body requires and manage thepsychological pressure that an athlete might feel before partaking in an event (Taware & Bansode, 2016).  According to Tawade and Bansode(2016) the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) focuses on anti-doping rules andregulations that are governed around the globe and the undertakings allow forthe movement of doping-free sports.  Athletesthat resort to recreational drugs fail to master concepts of proper nutrition,regular exercise and intrapersonal drive which ultimately leads to a successfulcompletion of the given sport (Bowers & Paternoster, 2017).

  The first case of drug overdose in sportingwas recorded in 1886, where Linton Redrenn died during a cycling competition.  Thereafter, a number of scandals have playedout, which gained large media coverage, where popular athletes were banned orstripped of their titles when performance-enhancing drugs were found withintheir system (Taware & Bansode, 2016).  Serious percussions and penalties are evidentshould laws and standards that govern sports be trespassed (Bowers & Paternoster, 2017). Concentration is now placed on primaryprevention that includes educating minors in schools and the communitypertaining to the ethical and moral stance of substance abuse (Blank, et al., 2015). As parents play a major role in thebehavioural outcome of a child therefore, future endeavours will includeparental campaigns to provide information on doping and health (Blank, et al., 2015).  Asa secondary prevention method, athletes are requested to provide urine sampleswhich will be divided in two separate containers for examinations, where thesecond container is used to confirm of doping (Bowers & Paternoster, 2017;Tawade & Bansode 2016).

 Althoughpunishment may be used as a form to reduce doping instances in the future byathletes, Bowers and Paternoster (2017) argue that a multidisciplinary approachto the matter may be more beneficial e.g. honour and recognition for thoseathletes who have never doped or shaming, which causes the athlete to regretthe decision of doping, this should be done by the athlete’s community where heor she gained the recognition and respect, as it will have a greater impact onthe individual.  Once the reputation ofthe party involved has been put on the line, a sense of ethical and moral evaluationis re-established as well as consideration for fellow competitors is harnessedin fair-play (Bowers & Paternoster, 2017).              Numerousreasons surround the usage of illegal drugs in sports, that is, to enhancestamina, increase momentum and provide quality performance.  To eliminate or diminish the role of illegaldrugs in sports, the athlete must resort to healthy lifestyle changes in thecontext of ecological systems, with the assistance of professionals working inthe field i.e.

positive relations, concentration, motivation and so forth.  Although further research is required to linkparental attitudes to children’s choices, parents play an effective role ineducating youngsters to counter the urges of doping thus, encouraging fairplay.       References Blank, C., leichtfried, V., Schaiter, R., Fürhapter, C., Müller, D., & Schobersberger, W.

(2015). Doping in sports: Knowledge and attitudes among parents of Austrian junior athletes. Scandinavian Journal of medicine and science in sports, 25, 116-124. Bowers, L.

D., & Paternoster, R. (2017). Inhibiting doping in sports: deterrence is necessary, but not sufficient.

Sport, Ethics and Philosophy, 11(1), 132-151. Portenga, S. T., Aoyagi, M. W., Balague, G.

, Cohen, A., & Harmison, B. (2018).

Defining the Practice of Sport and Performance Psychology. Retrieved from APA Div. 47: Society for Sport, Exercise & Performance Psychology Retrieved from: http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/defining.pdf Taware, G.

B., & Bansode, D. G. (2016). Doping in sports.

National Journal of basic medical sciences, 6(2), 1-4. Williams, M. J., & Krane, V. (2015). Applied sport Psychology: Personal growth to peak performance (7th Ed.

). New York: Mc Graw Hill.      

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