Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa on the continent’s northeast coast. August 26, 1942, former emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie, issued an announcement that removed Ethiopia’s legal basis for slavery. In 1952, Haile arranged the federal state with Eritrea, a which is a country in the Africa. He also dissolved this in 1962 and conquered Eritrea, which began to resist and finally won its war of independence. However, Ethiopia began to become defenseless due to the droughts that has occurred during other times of the year. The drought began to become a problem which first began in 1972 and has persisted on a seasonal basis.
I chose Ethiopia as the country to discuss for several reasons . Ethiopia gained its independence from Italy after its victory in the Battle of Adwa in 1896. Ethiopia was colonized in advance to World War II by Italian forces in 1936, and not freed until the 1940s. Current issues that Ethiopia is going through is that they began to be swallowed into poverty. The poorest part of Ethiopia became even more poorer due to the fact that the food prices gotten higher but improved the income for many farmers. Today Ethiopia is unable to afford the basic necessities due to the high prices. I chose this country because I felt as if it’s important to discuss the struggles other countries are going through and to show that America is blessed as well as lucky that they don’t have it as bad as others.
If you begin to compare United States along with Ethiopia is that one of the basic differences is the economic background of individuals. As you should know Ethiopia has a much harder times gaining money and surviving. People in Ethiopia mostly rely on agriculture as their income source. Americans on the other hand rely on small business as their source of income. Most people in Ethiopia have average jobs, which pay less to survive.
While Ethiopian have a much more difficult time getting enough money from their jobs, Americans get paid well for the amount of days and hours they work. Those and other differences can influence people’s mind in order to decide to occupy in the country or not.Secondly, the infrastructure is one of the key elements for country the development of. Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities.
As a developing country, Ethiopia has issues regarding road infrastructure. Ethiopia’s surface as well as infrastructure transportation is exceedingly poor and underdeveloped.Ethiopia experienced the same kind of past as other African countries. Ethiopia brought not only very few new opportunities for the economic growth but also new conflicts and struggles for living. The struggle has had a negative impact on the economic development of the country because of the decrease they have been experiencing. Their people are facing many deaths and also illnesses. Nearly half or if not then majority of Sub Saharan Africa’s 45 independent countries came across serious food crises.
Ethiopia, one of the world’s larger countries, has been facing a large amount of poverty, hunger, and disease. Famine, a decrease in everyday food supply, is a widespread problem that can appear in any corner of the newly developing world. Although sometimes famine may appear unnoticed, the horrific shortage of food slowly leads to hunger and lack of nutrition. Famine in Ethiopia is not caused by natural disaster, but instead it is a result of social, political and economic human forces. Not only the individuals and families from the Sub Saharan Africa are dying from starvation there, but whole communities are forced to pursue irregular social and economic activities in order to ensure food. Due to the fact that they have a lack of development planning in combating these the hardships. Ethiopia is considered to be the one of the world’s least developed nations. ¨Communicable diseases remain the most immediate challenge, with sub-Saharan Africa accounting for 90% of malaria deaths, 70% of people living with HIV and 26% of all tuberculosis cases.
Non-communicable diseases such as heart failure, while still in the minority on the continent, are also rising on the back of changing lifestyles¨(African Business Magazine). Malaria is widespread and kills an African child from Ethiopia every minute. The illness causes many deaths along the many countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
There is also another common illness that is caused by the parasites that live and breed in some of the freshwater snails. The last health problem many people in this section of Africa is dealing with is Lassa Fever. The illness is highly contagious and can cause fatal illness and can sometimes cause death if it worsens.When a horrendous virus such as AIDS is mixed in with an extreme rate poverty, the threat tends to be very serious. Since these individuals in Ethiopia are going through tough times, if the HIV virus is left untreated it can cause death within a few upcoming years.
HIV is a ongoing disease and without proper treatment the virus can most certainly result into AIDS. With treatment, the Ethiopians can live long and well productive live with HIV. However, the treatment costs an immense amount of money, which is something that the people of Ethiopia fail to have.
Those that have died of AIDS often leave behind their children, who are then left as orphans and prolong in the poverty. Even the orphanage homes lack the wealth to pay for these Ethiopian children’s education which leads them to be left uneducated about the AIDS virus. One of the reasons AIDS spread so rapidly in Africa is because of the lack of education for the country villagers. Even the villages do not know how the virus tends to spread. But research shows that mothers with the virus still breastfeed their children, passing on the virus. Ethiopia’s issues with famine have caused much of the economic problems in the nation, which has been leading to other problems like disease.During the 1950’s, many African nations were gaining independence from the imperial nations in Europe. Ethiopia was one of the independent nations that has been around for decades and the leaders believed that their nation was a symbol of success and pride for the African continent.
The famine disease that occurred in the nation was looked at as an humiliation to the government . During the first famine, Ethiopian leaders didn’t want to seek help from other nations, for an example, the United States, because the United States saw the nation as one of the oldest monarchs in Africa with a lot of diseases and struggles.The difference between Ethiopia and other countries is that the others have no problem maintaining their spending on health care to make sure their people wont get sick. There are several big problems with healthcare in Ethiopia today. One problem is too much unnecessary care, which is one third to one half of the health care cost.
The total of the health care cost equals to hundreds as well as billions of dollars. In addition, the total attributes to the lost of productivity which results in death. Some people can’t seem to afford the health care bill which leads to a drop in the economy and increase in death. “I think we’ve moved beyond the productive or not productive discourse and this is beginning to be understood by leaders. We’ve seen how they have been increasing their investment in health. It is not yet where it needs to be, but it’s slowly moving in the right direction”(African Business Magazine). Now it seems as if the country in East Africa is now moving in the correct direction.”Once the epitome of poverty and hunger, Ethiopia is changing.
Three decades after a famine that prompted America’s top singers to respond with “We Are the World,” Ethiopia has had an average economic growth rate of 10 percent for over a decade and has met or is coming close to meeting several important Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations, according to the World Bank” ( Isma’il KushKush ). Just when things were going in the error-free direction other places in Ethiopia are going through rough times still. Research has shown that famine in Ethiopia is due to the drought they have been experiencing. Many parts of the country have been suffering from a lack of rain for all four seasons, leaving the region dry, and lastly semi desert like. The people of Ethiopia depend on their livestock to survive, however majority of their livestock in these areas have already died. Most people that occupy the area depend on livestock for survival but now since the drought has occurred they will be the next to pass away.
The children of Ethiopia are mostly affected by this famine. Famine is a widespread insufficiency of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, or government policies. Ethiopia is one of the top five countries that have the most high numbers of deaths in children. Both the birth rate and mortality rate are equally high. Many Ethiopian children have passed from the diseases or dehydration after walking for days with their families in search of land that is nourished.
Thousands of Africans are escaping their villages where their lands have dried up and the agencies have yet to establish food stations. Parents can no longer provide much for their children due to the small amount of income they receive. On average the family income is extremely low. Poverty also leads to poor parental care, unsanitary housing conditions, and higher rates of extremely dangerous infections which may leads to death.
A tremendous amount of people all over Africa are suffering from famine and dying from it. Ethiopia is considered to be the poorest country in the world and is suffering from this horrible illness. As one of the least developed countries in the world they have faced many social and economical problems. “An economy that once depended on coffee as a main source of income now sees its national carrier, Ethiopian Airlines, as the main generator of foreign exchange. The country is also constructing Africa’s largest hydropower plant, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which Ethiopian officials proudly claim will be built with the nation’s own financial might, not foreign assistance” (New York Times). Ethiopians are suffering from the lack of basic needs of life, such as food, health care, housing, education, safe as well as healthy environment, and now they depend on coffee as a main source of income which has failed. Ethiopia’s population growth presents a handful of problems for a nation struggling to be self-sufficient in food. The population is beginning to decrease staggeringly.
The main export of the nation began to result into a problem for the people because it is a crop that has no nutritional value. If the cocoa bean crop begins to appear infrequent, the people tend to have have little money to purchase food. This is something that has happened years back when a famine occurred. Millions of Ethiopians were victims to this famine.
Wars, unfavorable climate conditions, and soil lacking in nutrients contribute to the factors that cause Ethiopia to be disease rise.The Ethiopian famine was characterized by war as well as drought. It was an emergency with both the ethical and political predicaments, bringing about functioning and political division within the international community.
Aid was later sent but it didn’t really do much justice due to the fact that it was too late. Ultimately, more people were harmed because the lack of aid than should have been. Responsibility of the death of many lies with Ethiopia’s neglecting government. A large amount of people has died, the government began to fail, economies started breaking down, poverty expands, and lastly life for Ethiopian families became a terribly dark nightmare. Famine, war, and destruction appear to have always been an essential piece of human history, at last since the beginning of the significant human population growth. Its existence in Ethiopia has led to “millions of death, especially in women and children under the age of 5” (Child Mortality).
Although many famines have been recorded in human history. It seems to appear that a huge portion of the generation was battling to stay alive through one of the worst droughts in Ethiopia for multiple years. Others believed that Ethiopia’s drought will not result in the mass casualties experienced in the 80s where millions has lost one’s life.
But a significant food crisis could be the blame for Ethiopia to fall into an economic and political sharp decline. This is not just a sympathetic concern but the food and water crisis could quickly turn into a political crisis. The drought has led to urban migration and protests that grown into popular anger.The drought in Ethiopia puts nearly millions of people living in this African country in a horrific risk of this drought.
The drought is a major issue concerning the world as a whole because it affects individual parts of the world’s population. It has been increasing and expanding across Africa which has killed many people. It also resulted in a enormous amount of damage to the Ethiopian people as well as their government. It has led to the mass amount of damage to the livestock and also a search to find water and better way living.
Ethiopians that were trying to escape for a better and healthier life landed in a country at War. Toje Jamal Yousef, an Ethiopian that attempted to escape from his hometown witnessed “there were protests in his town, and then government checkpoints went up, and he and other boys would routinely be grilled by the soldiers there. His family sent money to a known smuggler, a fellow Ethiopian, who organized the journey” (Saeed Al-Batati). It seemed as if it was a nightmare just to escape the drought and hardship in his country. Even after the independence of Ethiopia, it seems as if the struggles they were experiencing in the past is still present.Recently Ethiopia has experienced the worst drought in years which had led to farmers battling with dry crops. The Ethiopian government helped start the Productive Safety Net Program.
The program in Ethiopia aims at permitting the rural poor facing persistent food to resist shocks, create assistance, and become food self-sufficient. Billions of people that live in this country has worked on projects in order to get a return of food or even cash. The importance of each cause on the reason why Ethiopia has been chosen to discuss due to the issues that have faced since their independence can be debated, but what is fact is that there were several factors that led to their struggles. Ethiopia’s poverty rate, the amount of diseases that spreaded and has appeared throughout the time, and the death rate due to the drought and food shortages has contributed to their issues that has occurred. Even though it has been years since their independence has came about, some of the reasons why they are facing social, political, and economic issues can still be seen.