During 1960 – 1970, a period of time which led by the Liberal government of Jean Lesage which called Quiet Revolution had a significantly negative impact on Canadian identity. Ever since Jean Lesage took power in the government, his aim is to make French equivalent within the Confederation. He once said: “If ever Confederation fails, it will not be because Quebec the political voice of French Canada has separated from it. It will be because the way to keep Quebec in it has not been found.” However, the process has pushed the relationships between French and English to the breaking point.
Firstly, Quiet Revolution had a huge negative impact on Canadian history was that French-Canadians were proud of their achievements in economy which led to the sovereignty and separatism of Quebec. After the election in 1962, Liberals campaigned and promised to strengthen Quebec’s control of its own economy. The government started a program to take control of hydro-electric power companies and turned them into Hydro-Quebec. While the government was improving the economy, Liberals had to struggle with Ottawa for a large share of tax dollars. However, French-Canadians earning the lowest wage in all ethnic groups in Canada and top jobs in Quebec were given to English-Canadians. Therefore, French-Canadians thought as long as Quebec associated with the rest of Canada, they would never be treated equal and only separatism was the only solution.
Finally, the secularization created conflicts between federalists and nationalists in the federal government. Catholic Church was an important role in society. They used to control social services and the education system. However, Liberals wanted a modernization of province’s education and culture which means the government needed to took power from the Catholic Church. They needed a government-run school system to provide more science, technology and business courses to students for preparation of new Quebec. The success of this change raised resentment toward English-Canadians because French-Canadians were angrier at what they perceive as injustices by English-Canadians.
For example, there were no French-speaking schools in the rest of Canada. However, the English in Canada, as well as the federal government were greatly angered because they thought French did not see their special status as a privilege, but rather as a way to gain more control and improve their position in Canada. Therefore, Quiet Revolution was a disastrous failure for French-English unity in Canada.
In conclusion, Quebec’s Quiet Revolution in 1960 had a significantly negative impact on both Canadian identity and history.