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 Do you ever think of whether humans should have full control of their pets? There is a theory that animals, like cats and dogs, decided to turn themselves into humans in order to get food and be taken care of. But does that mean we have the right to completely control their lives? Most people would take sides, but the important question in this subject is if humans should have the decision to make their pets go through the sterilization process. Both sides of the argument have their pros and cons, but it should be asked if it is really necessary. No one has the right answer for this type of question given that everybody thinks differently, but we do have to know what the aftermath is for our pets. But in this case probably the best answer is to not do it.As humans we should not think that because dogs and cats are our pets that we have the right to treat them them as slaves. Animals have intelligence and feelings, too. As soon as someone takes their right away by making go through surgery for something they have no idea of, it is changing their whole way of seeing life. Sterilization can be a good thing  for many reasons, for example by sterilizing the population of street animals that do not have any homes is kept under control, sterilization aids in avoiding a lot of reproductive illnesses, and diseases. Enough investigation has been done and it will come to someone themself their decision. Each year in the United States, there are about 5-to-7 million dogs or cats that are put in shelters. There are about 3-to-4 million of those are killed by euthanasia. This equals out to about 60 percent of dogs and 70 percent of cats in shelters that die each year. These statistics are shocking. No one should ever adopt a pet without having a pet neutered.  The main focus are dogs and cats because they are the most popular pets in the United States (American Veterinary Medical Association). Although they are the most important, nobody is doing anything to protect them. Overpopulation is a huge problem and with more strays on the street, this problem is getting substantial.The first and most important issue with not having your pets fixed is the potential contribution to overpopulation. “Two unneutered cats and their offspring can produce 370,000 kittens in seven years, and more than 2 million in eight years. Two unneutered dogs and their offspring can produce 67,000 puppies in six years”. This happens usually when pet owners allow their pets to go outside. By allowing your cats, dogs, etc. to go outside, they can get pregnant by a stray animal. This situation creates more strays and adds to the problem of overpopulation. Indoor pets can also go outside, which is why it is important to have them spayed or neutered as well. Having pets microchipped is also very important. There is no exact way to know how many strays there are, but there are around 70 million on the streets. The lack of having pets fixed is not the only issue, but, but also that many strays are lost pets which are not accurately identified.In addition, a great reason for altering your pets is to reduce their stress.. Pets that are unaltered usually have high levels of stress. These high levels of stress typically show up in mating season. During heat, several annoyances may show up as well. A few of these annoyances may include: reproductive liquids on furniture and walls, pacing and crying, sexual frustration, irritability, and urine marking. The benefit of avoiding life-threatening disorders, diseases and sicknesses such as cancer, birth or pregnancy complications, AIDS, and other similar problems results too. Lastly, fixing your pets reduces the risk of them escaping enclosed areas to go find a mate, which can then lead to death if a car were to run over them or  could result in a fight with other animals that they may encounter.An overpopulation of pets can lead to a decrease in the population of other species such as birds, squirrels, and rodents. This may not seem like a major issue, but overpopulation has quite a significant impact on other animal species and wildlife overall because “worldwide, cats may have been involved in the extinction of more bird species than any other cause, except habitat destruction”.There is many of different alternatives that may be of fewer cost for neutralizing or spraying pet, since many believe that it can be too expensive. Many places in the U.S. have at least one spay or neuter clinic within driving distance that charges $100 or less for the operation. Many veterinary clinics give out discounts through sponsored voucher programs. Low-cost spay/neuter is more widely available all the time, and there is also clinics that offer free or almost free services. Before being adopted from shelters or non-profit adoption centers, the pets are also being neutered or sprayed which is included in the adoption free. There is always two sides to all arguments. There are those who getspaying or neutering is completely wrong and should never be done. Many of these same people feel it is okay to run businesses selling animals for pets, fighting, breeding and any number of reasons. What these people do not realize is that animals are not products on the shelf at the local Wal-Mart, but in fact, they are living, breathing creatures.On one hand, the business approach definitely makes sense. In the United States, there is a mixed economy, which is mostly a capitalist, money-driven economy, with no regards to ethics. However, there are plenty of (too many) pets available in shelters around the nation and there is no need to create more. Some people want special breeds, but again there are plenty of special breeds that occur naturally from cross-breeding, which takes place among the strays roaming the streets or that are dropped off at shelters. There is also no need to pay hundreds of dollars for allegedly specially-bred animals when you can find perfectly wonderful pets in any shelter. In other words, the only person (or animal) the business approach pays off for is the person running the business.There are actually many myths about unaltered pets and they are commonly used as counter-arguments as to why it is not important to have pets altered. One of these is that pets that are altered lose their sense of manhood or their natural ability to feel mom-like when in fact scientific studies show that animals have no sense of these things at all. Another argument for not spaying or neutering pets is that parents want their children to experience the miracle of birth but as the Humane Society points out, that miracle “is quickly overshadowed by the thousands of animals euthanized in animal shelters in communities all across the country”.The most common counter-argument to spaying or neutering your pets is that owners feel their cat is special and they want to have more kittens or puppies just like them, but the Humane Society also points out that, “your pet’s puppies or kittens have an unlikely chance of being a carbon copy of your pet. Even professional breeders cannot make this guarantee. There are shelter pets waiting for homes that are just as cute, smart, sweet, and loving as your own”.In conclusion, it is unavoidable to stop the overpopulation of pets. If one day all pets were sterilized the ones remaining at this most moment will eventually die and there will be no  more pets for anyone. It shouldn’t be consider a task to be done. The real deal is for pet owners to really think about the decision for their animal, and not to expand the problem more than it already is. This can be related to thing of being completely green; there is no way to fully reverse the environmental damage humans have done, but every piece of paper of which the front and back are both used, or every plastic bag that is recycled helps to cut down on the problem.With millions of pets killed every year, there is no need to create more, no need to waste money buying them from breeders, and no need to buy into silly myths about why it’s better to supposedly keep your animals pure. What is important, however, is being a responsible human and protecting what we cherish so much. Getting your pets spayed or neutered or adopting a pet that is already fixed is the most important part of owning a pet because these animals are helpless against the problems of their respective species. It’s up to us to help cut back on the ridiculous amount of unneeded animal deaths that occur every year.

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