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DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

COVENANT UNIVERSITY,CANNANLAND OTA,OGUN
STATE,NIGERIA.

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PET327

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING LABORATORY

SAND CONTENT EXPERIMENT

GROUP F

OJO FAITH OGHENEMUZAKPEME

15CN03279

DATE
PERFORMED : 19-01-2018

DATE
SUBMITTED :21-01-2018

 

 

 

ABSTARCT

The knowledge of
sand content in petroleum engineering is very important. Sand is one of the
factors that must be checked in the drilling fluid. Sand content in the drilling
fluid must be evaluated in other to avoid destroying the drilling fluid and
formation. Sand content is determined by sieve analysis because of reliability
of test and simplicity of equipment. The sand content test for set is used in
the test for sand content determination.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE
OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………2

INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………4

EXPERIMENTAL
APPARTUS…………………………………………………………..5

SAMPLE USED FOR THE
EXPERIMENT……………………………………………6

PROCEDURES………………………………………………………………………………..7

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS…………………………..…………………………….8

PRECAUTIONS……………………………………………………………………………..9

CONCLUSIONS………………………………………………………………………………10

REFERENCE…………………………………………………………………………………..11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 Sand is a very big disadvantage to the drilling
fluid, ad so therefore it is very prominent to know the sand composition for every
drilling fluid to be used. The apparatus used for knowing the sand content In a
drilling fluid is the “SAND CONTENT KIT” which contains the measuring tube,
wash bottle, combined fuel with screen mesh. The sand content kits finds the
volume per cent of sand sized particles in the drilling fluid. Drilling fluid
is a fluid used in drilling oil and gas wells. It has various advantages. One
is to maintain down hole pressure. The addition of sand helps fulfil that
purpose. Water, it helps in the mixture of everything to be used. It is a very
important aspect of this experiment.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPERIMENTAL
APPARATUS

1)    The sand content kit.
Which contains

a)     Wash bottle

b)    Funnel

c)     Measuring tube

d)    Sieve

 

2)    Measuring cyclinder

3)    Weighing balance

4)    Spatula

5)    Electric Mixer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLE
USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT (PROCEDURES)

SAMPLE
1

1)    I Measured 35g of
bentonite and 350ml of water.

2)    I Poured mixture into
electric mixer to have homogenous mixture.

3)    I Shook vigorously to
ensure unity.

4)    I Poured mixture into thee
mesh.

5)    I Took wash bottle to wash
remaining sand content to ensure all the mixture in the measuring tube gets
into the mesh.

6)    I Inverted the mesh
containing a funnel in it, and take wash bottle containing water and pour it
over the mesh containing the sand particles, to allow to fall into measuring
tube.

7)    I Allowed the sand
particles to settle before taking the percentage of sand content.

 

SAMPLE
2

1)    Measure 3520ml of water in
the measuring cylinder

2)    Measure 35g of bentobite
using the weighing balance

3)    Measure 10g of barite using
the weighing balance

4)    Repeat procedures 3-9 from
sample 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RESULTS
AND DISCUSSIONS

After
my experiment was carried out I found out the percentage of sand content
contained in the drilling mud to be 0.5%
for sample 1 while 0.5% for sample 2
. This was done with the aid of a sand content kit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRECAUTIONS

1)    I ensured I avoided error
due to parallax when taking my readings on my measuring tube.

2)    I ensured that my mixtures
were thoroughly mixture to get homogenous mixture.

3)    I ensured that the sand
particles I poured into the measuring tube settled before I commenced with my
readings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONCULSIONS

To
conclude, I will say that the sand content of any drilling fluid must be known
because of that damages that sand procure to drilling equipment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

Pet
313 Lesson Notes. Dr Okoro

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