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         Definitions Student: Rebecca Samuel Professor:  KathleenChang Institution: Stratford University Date: 01/16/2018             Chapter 11. Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN)is an independent nurse working impartially with advance medical knowledge inpathophysiology, pharmacology, and physical assessment and expertise in theirrespective area of specialization. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.4) A prime exampleis the role of a Certified Nurse Practitioner (CNP) is to diagnose and treatpatient independently based on their advanced knowledge and certification intheir specialty.

2. American Nurses Association (ANA) is ablueprint that outlines commitment and the standard practices that should beconsistency in the course of the nurses providing healthcare services to thepatients and the communities at large. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.2) A primeexample is the responsibilities of a nurse that include promoting, preventing,protecting, and optimizing by providing medical assistance to the patient.

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3. A caregiver is a healthcare professionalthat offers much assistance to the patients which include managing disease,symptoms, good health maintenance and healing process. (Patricia et al., 2017,p.4) Examples of caregiver roles and responsibilities include counseling thepatients to ensure their well-being and those are facing challenges advise themaccordingly on what they need to do to overcome to regain their good healthstatus. 4. Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM) is ahealth profession certified by the American College of Nurse-Midwives under thecategory of APRN whose main duties and training is helping women duringchildbirth that is midwifery.

(Patricia et al., 2017, p.4) A good example ofMidwifery roles includes activities such as care for women during pregnancy,pain, childbirth and the care of the newborn babies. 5. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist(CRNA) is an advanced practice registered nurse with deeper knowledge ofanesthesia as a nurse.

The qualification and the requirement for interestedpersons is at least one year in intensive care experience. (Patricia et al.,2017, p.4)  Example of a role by nurseanesthetists is a carrying out surgical anesthesia as per the directive of theanesthesiologist.

An anesthesiologist is a specialist in surgical anesthesia. 6. Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) is anexpert nurse in their respective area of specialization under APRN. Clinicianchoice in the area of specialization depends on some considerations such assetting, ailment, type of care or type of problem.

(Patricia et al., 2017, p.4) For example a pediatric nurse only workswith children and adolescent because that they area of specialty                  .7. Code of ethics is professional idealsof the right and proper standards defining principles to be used in the processof assisting patients. In some cases, professional apply their values andethics that facilitates their service delivery.

But the essential thing lieswith the nurse understanding clearly what their roles entail and thusincorporates their values and ethics to guide them significantly in regards totheir specialty in nursing. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.3) For example, thepublication; The Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements nursingought to be of high quality based on ethical concerns. 8. Continuing education acknowledges thepositive impacts of furthering education as it equips a nurse with latestresearch and practice developments. The advantages to a nurse in furtheringtheir studies include acquiring new skills and helps in the decision-makingprocess concerning the area of specialization.

(Patricia et al., 2017, p.10)  A prime example is a program for caring forolder adults with dementia offered by a university and a program on safemedication offered by a hospital. 9. In-service education means aninstitution puts into place programs upon which professionals employed by theinstitution have a chance to undergo training in those programs. In most cases,these training are technologically based on attaining the required competency.

(Patriciaet al., 2017, p.10) A good example is how to administer the current safetysyringes correctly.  10. A nurse administrator is in charge ofthe patient care and specific nursing services delivery in a healthcarefacility. Mostly, all the nurse administrators were once clinical carecoordinators. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.

5)  Also, nursing entails other managerial postssuch as nurse manager who assumes the position based on their experience andeducation level tasked with the mandate of patient care in a certain area.11. A nurseeducator is members of the nursing program providing an educational lead onpractical and theoretical knowledge in nursing mainly in nursing schools, staffdepartments of healthcare agencies, and patient education departments. A goodexample of nurse educator roles includes educating the agency department onwound treatment. 12. Novice simply means a new or studentwithout any background in nursing from the previous engagement. (Patricia etal., 2017, p.

2)  An example is anexperienced room nurse with the intention of joining home health.13. Advanced Beginner is a nurse with somelevel of experience in nursing either observable or out of practice, and canidentify vital principles of nursing care. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.

2)  Example could be a nurse that has some levelof experience in a certain situation14. A Competent nurse understands thestructural and specific care details depending on the patient’s condition andin this one should have served in a clinical position for two to three yearsmainly psychomotor skills. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.

2)  Examples of the patient’s conditions that acompetent nurse should identify are surgical, oncology, or orthopedic ones. 15. Proficient is a nurse who has been inmanagerial care service for more than two to three years in a clinical positionthus the person can inspect a situation and based on the experience can relateto other previous cases regarding offering assistance. (Patricia et al., 2017,p.

2)  An example of a proficient nurse isthis person is able to manage and assess the situation and apply previousknowledge gained from experience.16. Expert is a nurse with a wide range ofinstinctive experiences in clinical problems with the ability to explore theproblem and offer multiple solutions. (Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.2)  Example of a problem separation by an expertnurse includes patient-centered or healthcare related. 17. A nurse practitioner (NP) is ahealthcare professional providing, managing patients by offering services tothem in the following setting such as outpatient, ambulatory care, orcommunity-based on collaborative engagement and specific groups healthcareneeds. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.4)  Anexample can be a family nurse practitioner who works in an outpatient clinic managingpatients and offering services.

18. Nurse researcher plays a significantrole of conducting research on nursing with the purpose of improving andincrease the scope of nursing care practice. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.5)   Example, conducting research on nursingtrends. 19.

Nursing is a science profession or anart of offering and delivering care, and assistance to patients in acompassionate, caring and respectful manner beneficial to them in respect todignity. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.2)  Anexample could be a nurse that manage pain and provide assistant to patient whoare critically ill.20.

Patient advocate is an individualacting on behalf of the patients in legal matters and advising the patientabout their rights in the course of seeking attention. (Patricia et al., 2017,p.3)   An example patient advocate role can be advisingthe patients and their families on whether to agree on the treatmentmethodology.

21. Professional organization is bodiesdealing with health issues for those working in the medical profession. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.10)  Example of thesebodies includes National Student Nurses Association (NSNA) in the United Statesand the Canadian Student Nurses Association (CSNA). 22. Quality and Safety Education for Nurses(QSEN) seeks to center its efforts on ensuring competencies in quality andsafety measures during patient care are met as stipulated by reports from IOM. (Patriciaet al.

, 2017, p.7)  Example of itsinitiatives includes competencies in informatics, safety, quality, and teamwork.23. Registered Nurse is a profession innursing who has undergone a formal education in a university or college. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.9)   For example, In the United States for a nurseto be registered they have to take an examination from the National CouncilLicensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX). 24.

NCLEX National Council LicensureExamination for Registered Nurses is a regulatory body that ensures everynursing graduate from a university or college takes an examination in order totest their knowledge on nursing before they are licensed or allowed topractice. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.10)  Exampleof other elements that they check before issuing license is the criminal recordchecks of the applicants.

  25. Baccalaureate degree program is auniversity and college program that takes four years of study. (Patricia etal., 2017, p.10)  Example of the mainarea of study is; clinical, theoretical, social sciences, and humanities inequipping the student with proper knowledge. 26. Licensure meaning all nurses arerequired to registered by the relevant body before they can begin practicing.

(Patriciaet al., 2017, p.10)   A good example is the United States wherebyall nurses must be registered by the NCLEX-RN® regardless of their states. 27. Certification means nursing specialtiesare authenticated as genuine nursing practice and a registered nurse chooses towork in a certain certified nursing practice of their choice. (Patricia et al.,2017, p.

10) Example some of the certified nursing practice is CertifiedRegistered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA). Chapter 41. Assumptions are true ignored statementsbased on values and beliefs outlining the nature of concepts, explainingconcepts, purpose, relationships, and structure of a theory. (Patricia et al.,2017, p.42)   An example is Watson’s transpersonal caringtheory which has the assumption that a conscious intention to care boostshealth regain. 2. A Conceptual framework outlines ways oforganizing, and understanding concepts concerning their phenomena.

Everyframework has its ways regarding tackling a discipline’s subject matter and author’srepresentation of perspectives. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.42)   Forexample, theorist’s definition and description take a different shape dependingon the theorist’s ideas and experiences but address same concepts in theirtheories.   3.

Concepts are an abstract idea in wordsor phrases that identify and define ideological aspects of a phenomenon. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.42)  For example, inWatson theory of transpersonal about caring, concepts entails human needs and cultivatingfaith. 4.

Content is a system generation ofinformation or product about a particular topic or subject matter of interest. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.45)  An example ofpatients most affected by common skin care needs is the ones who are unable tomove from their beds. 5.

Descriptive theories tend to describephenomena and circumstance under which the phenomena occur in its first levelof theory development. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.44)   Forexample, theories on growth and development encourage nurses to explain patientassessments other than offering medical help. 6.

A domain is a practical or theoreticalapproach of perspectives or territory in a particular discipline or profession.(Patricia et al., 2017, p.42)   A good example is the nursing domain thatallows nurses to identify and treat patients depending on their healthconditions comprehensively.

7. Feedback is a response that tells thesystem about its functionalities. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.45)   Forexample, nursing has several feedbacks such as patient’s reaction to specificnursing practices. 8. Input is data acquired after apatient’s assessment in the course of nursing care. (Patricia et al.

, 2017,p.45) Examples of input include diagnosis report about a patient.  9. Nursing is the practice of offeringassistance to patients by either protecting, preventing, and optimize theirhealth conditions. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.43) Example of nursing practicesincludes diagnosis, family planning, alleviating pain, and treatingillness.  10.

A Nursing theory describes nursingaspects and concepts by describing, explaining, and prescribing nursing care. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.41)An example of a nursing theory is the Orem theory thatstipulates assessment and interpretation of data based on patient-centeredinterventions. 11. An output is the final results of thenursing process which can be the patient’s improvement.

(Patricia et al., 2017,p.45) Example of output includes patient’s progress such as improvement orworsening status.12. A phenomenon is a fact, situation,event or process whose cause, explanation, or label is in question.

(Patriciaet al., 2017, p.42) Example of phenomena in nursing includes self-care, healthregains, and caring.13. Practice theories are special theoriesin the sense that it offers a guide to a specific patient population at aparticular time characterized by limited scope and focus in nursing care. (Patriciaet al.

, 2017, p.44) A perfect example of the theory is the practice theorytouching on cardiac surgery. 14. Prescriptive theories discuss thenursing processes for a phenomenon hence lead to a predictive consequenceduring treatment. (Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.44) Example of prescriptive theoryconcept applicability in nursing is the anticipation of nursing processes.15. A shared theory is a phenomenonexplanation specific to certain disciplines as outlined and developed by the theory.(Patricia et al., 2017, p.

45)An example is the Piaget theory that presentspredictive nature of children regarding their thinking, reason, and perceptionabout the world. 16. A theory is a concept, definition, andits relationship to assumptions that project a systematic view of phenomena. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.41)For example, nursing theories tend to explain caringconcepts.

 Chapter 151. Clinical decision making is the actionor process of making vital nursing choices after a thorough diagnosis,treatment or prevention, caring for a wound or illness or optimization. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.200)Examples of clinical decision-making process involvenursing considerations such as diagnosis, defining a problem and selecting theappropriate nursing process. 2. A concept map is a care planning in theform of a visual representation of the patient problems and interventions andits correlation. (Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.205)Examples of concept mapobjective are a diagnosis, health demands, and data analysis. 3. Critical thinking is an objective andsystematic evaluation of the available options to reach the best decision. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.196) For example, critical thinking considers essential nursingintervention such as ethics, clinical situation, and exploration ofoptions.  4.

Decision making is a process andessential action of thinking that focuses on problem resolution. (Patricia etal., 2017, p.199) Example of a decision-making process in nursing includes thetype of dressing of a surgical wound or selecting good teaching approaches. 5. Diagnostic reasoning is an accurateanalytical process in determining a patient’s health conditions, hence identifyproblems and administer the right therapies. (Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.199)Example of diagnostic reasoning includes Mr. Lawson options such as interactingwith the patient to understand the real problem facing the patient andadminister the right therapy. 6.

Evidence-based knowledge is expertisethat enables critical thinking about a concept based on past experiences andcognitive skills. (Patricia et al., 2017, p.196) Example of evidence-basedknowledge includes appropriate care, avoiding personal biases, and beinginformed.7. An inference is an essential process ofmaking conclusions from the evidence that are corresponding in comparison topast evidence. (Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.199)An example a nursing practicewhere a patient was treated for a specific condition and the current patienthas the same condition then the past state is referred for guidance. 8. Nursing processes are prowess andproper standards that put in place to ensure successful nursing care. (Patriciaet al., 2017, p.201) An example of the nursing process as discussed by ANA is aframework that facilitates critical thinking.

Example of competencies ispatient’s uncommon concerns. 9. Reflection is a serious thought orconsideration based on experienced critical thinking that involves thinkingabout past situations hence identifies essential issues. (Patricia et al.

,2017, p.196)An example is an orthopedic experience in Gustilo-Andersonclassification of I, II, III and the refinement of classification III intoIIIA, IIIB, and IIIC of open fractures.  10. A Scientific method is a systematic,methodical approach to an investigation or studying phenomena based oncollected data to solving problems as used by several healthcare professionals.(Patricia et al.

, 2017, p.198)Examples of scientific method steps are thecollection of data, hypothesis, and evaluation of results.       ReferencesPotter,RN, MSN, PhD, FAAN, P. A., Griffin Perry, RN, MSN, EdD, FAAN, A., Stockert, RN,BSN, MS, PhD, P. A.

, Hall, RN, BSN, MS, PhD, CNE, A. M., & Ostendorf, RN,MS, EdD, CNE, W. R. (2017). In Fundamentals of Nursing.(9th ed.,pp.4-205)

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