Decision making can be considered as adeliberation that is figuring out what action need to be taken in order tomaximize the expected benefit. Due to uncertainty there may be no assure thatthe result of the action might be the one meant, and the great one can hope foris to maximise the chance of an ideal outcome.
The process rests on the ideathat an excellent decision is one which outcomes for an excellentdecision-making process that considers all essential elements and is explicitabout decision alternatives, preference and uncertainty (Marek and Roger,2002). Basedon D’Zurilla and Chang (1995) “problem solving refers to the rational look foran answer through the application of problem solving abilities and techniqueswhich are designed to maximise the chance of locating the “best” or mostadaptive solution for a particular problem”. Decisionmaking and problem solving are quite similar activities but the foremostdistinction among the two are problem solving is a technique whilst decisionmaking is a process.
Some people consider decision making as the first threesteps in problem solving that is problem definition, problem analysis andgenerating possible solution. Others use the terms interchangeably. Another nameof problem solving, is solving a problem. This is means a method in which agroup or a person makes something advantageous out of problem.
Meanwhile,decision making is the process that is carried out typically for the durationof problem solving. Decision making is the important thing so that a person canachieve the best conclusion in problem solving. Problem solving is more ananalytical aspects of thinking and also use the intuition in getting the facts.Meanwhile, decision making is more of a judgement where after a person thinksomething then the person will take an action. However, decision making andproblem solving need a certain set of abilities for every different to begreater powerful.